VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):少数族裔入学优先 白人遭"反向歧视"
日期:2016-06-24 15:14

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US Supreme Court Upholds College Affirmative Action
The U.S. Supreme Court says the University of Texas can consider race when deciding which students to admit. The case was one of the most closely watched because it deals with the issue of affirmative action.
Affirmative action is a policy designed to help those who suffer from discrimination, especially regarding employment or education.
The decision has nationwide implications because other American universities use similar affirmative action policies. However, eight U.S. states do not allow race to be used when considering public college admissions. The states are Arizona, California, Florida, Michigan, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Oklahoma and Washington.
By law, the University of Texas guarantees admission to students who graduate in the top 10 percent of their high school class. But when considering applications from about 25 percent of students, the University of Texas also considers the student's race, along with other factors.
The 4-3 Supreme Court decision means the university's admissions policy can remain.
Abigail Fisher, a white woman, filed the case against the University of Texas. She said the school denied her admission based on her race.
Fisher's grades were not good enough to get her automatic admission under the top 10 percent rule. She was denied admission to the University of Texas in 2008.
When she found out that minority students with lower grades than hers were accepted, she sued the school for discrimination. The University of Texas said Fisher would not have been admitted with or without race as a factor.
The university says its race-based selection policies are necessary to maintain a diverse campus community. Fisher's attorneys argued that the top 10 percent program is enough to make sure that adequate minority students are included in the admissions process.
Justice Anthony Kennedy gave the majority opinion for the court. "The university has thus met its burden of showing that the admissions policy it used... was narrowly tailored," he wrote.
Kennedy also said that "it remains an enduring challenge to our nation's education system to reconcile the pursuit of diversity with the constitutional promise of equal treatment and dignity."
Three other judges - Chief Justice John Roberts, Justice Samuel Alito and Justice Clarence Thomas – disagreed.
Alito said he thought the decision was an example of "affirmative action gone berserk." He said he felt the university had relied "on a series of unsupported and noxious racial assumptions."
In a separate dissent, Thomas expressed his view that the U.S. Constitution makes it illegal to use race as part of the admissions process in higher education.
U.S. President Barack Obama praised the Supreme Court's decision for upholding "the basic notion that diversity is an important value in our society, and that this country should provide a high quality education to all our young people, regardless of their background."
I'm Bryan Lynn.

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词汇解析

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1.along with 随...一起

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I'll go along with you.
我将随同你一起去j=7PSj~ooaQ4UU.3

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2.found out 发现

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He found out the most authentic restaurants.
他找到了最正宗的餐馆mo&Xbt@zWTw#h@95)PM|

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3.make sure 确信

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Make sure of your facts before you write the article.
先弄明白事实,然后再写文章@|AkC5WRlk7|u+N+

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4.a series of 一系列的

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He rapped out a series of curt commands.
他大声发出了一连串简短的命令_]%_p*=bW1eQxa|

内容解析

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1.The case was one of the most closely watched because it deals with the issue of affirmative action.

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deal with 处理;应付

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They agreed to press for the conference to deal with the problem.
他们同意敦促大会处理这个问题NQv|0M4dW1W+x%3N
They then moved on to deal with the agenda point by point.
然后他们对议程又逐条地进行商议H8ri1,UG2v

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2.Affirmative action is a policy designed to help those who suffer from discrimination, especially regarding employment or education.

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suffer from 忍受;遭受

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I often suffer from unaccountable headaches.
我常莫名其妙地头疼9sg-j3kbot5vOw!KSFm
Persons with diabetes suffer from improper metabolism of sugar.
糖尿病人的糖代谢受到阻碍T#Gz5^=~#GvWuZ5&

参考译文

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少数族裔入学优先 白人遭“反向歧视”
美国最高法院宣布,得克萨斯大学在录取学生时可以考虑种族因素r.[s5@]pBY。该案因涉及平权法案成为最受瞩目的案件之一X)sRTQxxr(v;|FFOL
平权法案旨在帮助遭受歧视的人群,尤其是就业和教育领域dMx#c@P!k|n+PKl0
美国所有大学都采取相同的平权法案政策,因此这一裁决的影响范围之大g-MFnpW~gNDBMW.8@!d。然而,美国仍有8个州禁止公立大学招生时考虑种族因素mfOq7g8)8NEk|FR;*。分别为亚利桑那州、加利福尼亚州、佛罗里达州、密歇根州、内布拉斯加州、新罕布什尔州、俄克拉荷马州和华盛顿州2zOACvGAron%Z+FZY&8
根据法律规定,得克萨斯大学会录取成绩在前10%的高中毕业生Zo3Yn2-PwtTBASTw6%4。但录取成绩在25%左右的毕业生申请时,会考虑该学生的种族及其它因素*bkpvQBRpG
最高法院最终4:3的裁决意味着该大学的招生政策可继续保留ojc+q#AzU-
对得克萨斯大学提告的是一位名叫阿比盖尔·费舍尔(Abigail Fisher)的白人女性arSP0EtULO[]9kx2)。她声称该校因其种族将她拒之门外J;xKz78Rv~1i)grrxw==

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平权法案.jpg
费舍尔的成绩达不到可直接录取的前10%的标准trT@ZJYYOmhUYZ,X0PUw。2008年,她未能被得克萨斯大学录取G-v@h|A;C9a
当发现成绩低于她的少数族裔学生都被录取时,她以歧视罪名将该校告上法庭pI=#M6@y,).l3;5Y。得克萨斯大学表示:即使不存在种族因素,费舍尔也不会被录取5jH7TbMBrIhlFB
学校方面表示,该校以种族为基础的遴选政策是维持校园社区多样化的必要之举lc!1ERF^7(![Db[。费舍尔的律师辩称,前10%的录取政策足以确保大部分少数族裔学生被录取91t|aAuhInH=d^gVY0
大法官安东尼·肯尼迪支持多数派意见o#9vNy&u*LjfKbDijt。他表示,“该大学已履行的职责表明其所采用的招生政策是经过周全考虑的&RZnk)s)bc7VpB。”
肯尼迪还表示,“在宪法规定的范围内实现平等对待,同时还要兼顾种族多样化,对于我国教育体系而言仍然是一项持久的挑战bz,U7apaeGXZ6。”
首席大法官约翰·罗伯茨(John Roberts),大法官塞缪尔·阿利托(Samuel Alito)以及克拉伦斯·托马斯(Clarence Thomas)三名法官对此持有不同见解cX-%o0BMLhRJi
阿利托认为这一裁决是“平权法案偏离正轨”的案例@1hnSgInJBsd1_。他表示该大学一直依赖一些未经证实和有害的种族假设-1fsEA8;ALBOB
托马斯在另一份异议中表达了其观点,他说,美国宪法规定高等教育机构根据种族招生是非法的lWL;ue,Z@pA(@
美国总统奥巴马称赞最高法院的裁决维护了“多样化是社会的重要价值,美国应不分背景为所有年轻人提供高质量教育这一基本理念”5;|-CeuwhN5)t6#u79O
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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