VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国退休难!延迟退休人数创新高
日期:2016-06-20 11:07

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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When Can Older Americans Expect to Retire? Maybe Never
More Americans expect to work past their 65th birthdays and never retire, says a recent study.
The Associated Press with the NORC Center for Public Affairs Research polled 1,075 people, age 50 and older.
One-fourth of them said they never plan to retire. Among low-income earners in that age group that is even more true than for high earners.
In America, the age of 65 is the traditional age to retire.
Sixty percent of people aged 50 to 64 said they expect to work past their 65th birthday.
More than half of those who are already older than 65 said they plan to keep working, too. They say they are working an average of 31 hours per week.
Those 50 years of age or older said finances are the most important factor in the decision to when to retire.
A majority of older workers — especially those who are 65 and older — plan to switch employers, or move into an entirely new profession, as they head into the later years.
One-third of people earning less than $50,000 a year said they will keep working. About 20 percent of those who earn more than $100,000 said they will never retire.
As baby boomers — people born between 1946 and 1964 -- reach age 65, the United States' general population will have more older people than ever before.
The number of Americans 65 and older jumped 21 percent -- or to 35.5 million -- between 2002 and 2012.
That number is expected to reach 92 million by 2060.
I'm Marsha James.

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词汇解析

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1.high earner 高收入者

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The survey found that 93 per cent of women would not turn a man down just because he was not a high earner.
调查结果还显示,93%的女性表示不会因男人薪水低而将其拒绝|[5fWtt7JrwCMC&,M&X

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2.move into 移动;迁入

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He was surprised to see hookers move into the next apartment.
他看到妓女搬入隔壁公寓时,吓了一跳|Vw;JPasLG

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3.plan to 打算;计划

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We will plan to rehabilitate the run-down neighborhood.
我们计划重建这个破落的街区N9Lp_E~3jmPK

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4.low-income 低收入

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Low-income African countries would gain significantly from the lower oil price.
低收入非洲国家将从较低的油价中获得相当大的好处Xu*c~YT^jTbDAG5X]s2

内容解析

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1.More than half of those who are already older than 65 said they plan to keep working, too.

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More than half 多半以上;一多半

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Not more than half a mile ahead raved the second line of breakers.
在不到半英里的前方,第二道波浪在咆哮翻腾=G,;R|EDo7;w%d__^
The sea covers more than half the surface of the earth.
海洋覆盖着地球表面的大部分m#wJCr8(CaV7,L;yef]

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2.A majority of older workers — especially those who are 65 and older — plan to switch employers, or move into an entirely new profession, as they head into the later years.

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head into 走向;步入

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Steel operations normally head into a seasonal slide after October.
钢铁交易通常在十月份以后出现季节性的下落NH*p1c)2~p
A girl throws a fish head into the group.
一个女孩把一颗鱼头丢入鸭群中-AH4%kc*(3%xWu(.aM*X

参考译文

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美国退休难! 延迟退休人数创新高
最近一项研究称,越来越多的美国人希望65岁以后可以继续工作,永不退休i=x8MQX!emK=M|IIvCs*
美联社与NORC公共事务研究中心调查了1075位50岁及以上的老人Di[C_7SxLv+oiZteW=];
其中约四分之一的受访者表示,从未想过退休w.VB6H^ZEt]ib-M.L。该年龄段中,低收入者比高收入者更不愿退休tD=f!!=gZT+I
美国传统的退休年龄为65岁ezpj#JgGrE3cH]%9rd9V

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美国人延迟退休.jpg
50岁到64岁的受访人群中,约60%的人希望65岁以后能够继续工作iCO[o(&i@E3I;qlcWQBC
65岁以上的老人中大部分也表示有继续工作的打算WFo4bu3X%i2&f(@BZDC。他们表示平均每周工作时间为31小时g5mJLo96LUrium&
50岁及以上年龄的老年人称,财政状况是决定退休时间的最关键因素f^9C,k&fwHLpwk-X!|(3
大多数老年员工,尤其是65岁及以上年龄的员工在步入晚年时都希望换个雇主或者进入一个全新的行业BR]zm1Ybm)M+)D]yPb
约30%年收入低于5万美元的人群称,将会继续工作&Xo2ImF2.WTH[s。约20%收入超10万美元的人们也表示,他们永不退休kjnAVq_G,_2
随着婴儿潮时期出生(1946-1964)的人群逐渐步入65岁年龄,美国总人口中的老年人所占比例将达到顶峰~7Y2J)H)65eIOkp.B&9C
2002年到2012年间,65岁及以上年龄的美国居民人数上涨了21%,达到3550万人W*IVs6pZx~t96G,mJ8ae
2060年,这一数字更有望突破9200万大关cZMR~2E)z~Zha7P&gdrp
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • factorn. 因素,因子 vt. 把 ... 因素包括进去 vi
  • surveyv. 调查,检查,测量,勘定,纵览,环视 n. 调查,纵
  • traditionaladj. 传统的
  • switchn. 开关,转换,鞭子 v. 转换,改变,交换,鞭打
  • majorityn. 多数,大多数,多数党,多数派 n. 法定年龄
  • decisionn. 决定,决策
  • rehabilitatevt. 改造,使康复,使恢复(名誉等)
  • slidevi. 滑,滑动,滑入,悄悄地溜走 vt. 使滑动 n.
  • populationn. 人口 ,(全体)居民,人数