VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):如何在斋月禁食期间保持健康?
日期:2016-06-08 14:28

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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How to Stay Healthy During Ramadan Fasting
Muslims began observing the holy month of Ramadan Monday with the first sighting of the new moon.
For most Muslims, Ramadan is taking place this year from June 6 to July 5. During this period, Muslims are supposed to eat just two meals a day. One is called suhoor, which is the meal before sunrise. The other meal is iftar. That is the meal at sunset.
For countries in the northern half of the world, the longest day of the year falls during Ramadan. As a result, some Muslims will be avoiding meals for up to 17 hours a day during the month.
What is the main advice for the millions of people who have begun this fasting period? Use reason and common sense when eating meals at night.
No feasting while non-fasting
Razeen Mahroof is a medical specialist from the British city of Oxford. He warns against eating too much during the non-fasting hours.
He told the NHS Choices website that "the underlying message behind Ramadan is self-discipline and self-control."
He said the early morning meal should include foods that are filling yet provide energy for many hours. He suggests eating slow-digesting foods, such as pita bread, salad, cereal and toast.
Health experts and health websites urge those who are fasting to avoid foods high in fat and sugar, as well as fried foods, especially during the night-time meal.
Sleep and hydration
Lovely Ranganath works as senior nutritionist at the Dubai World Trade Center. She told Gulf News that sleeping and drinking plenty of fluids at night are also key to staying healthy during Ramadan.
"Waking up for suhoor becomes difficult as the digestion of fried foods interferes with our sleep cycle," Ranganath told Gulf News.
She said a lack of fluids can cause not only dehydration but stomach problems, as well.
There are more than 1.6 billion Muslims in the world. Indonesia is the world's most populous Muslim country. More than 196 million Indonesians are Muslim.
More than 3.3 million Muslims live in the United States.
Many Muslims end their fast by eating a date and having a drink of water. The Prophet Muhammad started that tradition nearly 1,400 years ago.

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词汇解析

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1.taking place 发生

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A new change is taking place in the balance of class forces in China.
中国阶级力量的对比正在发生着新的变化!Inf!B~ohT.H(

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2.stay healthy 保持健康

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If you want to stay healthy, you must exercise.
想要保持健康就得锻炼身体J5i.BrLONWF5

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3.common sense 常识

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Our common sense enables us to anticipate part of its analysis.
常识使得我们能够预料到这种分析的一部分QjEIDo_YeW3

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4.self-discipline 自律;自我修养

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The thing which fascinated her friends the most about her was her extra-ordinary self-discipline.
她那卓越的自制能力使她的朋友们感到惊讶Fz*Xc7_sKP#uRw

内容解析

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1.As a result, some Muslims will be avoiding meals for up to 17 hours a day during the month.

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As a result 结果;因此

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Thousands suffered death or mutilation as a result of the bomb attacks.
这场空袭造成数千人伤亡TlWoVTOK&*deK#LCLXUZ
As a result of their ignorance, they soon divided themselves into two groups.
由于他们缺乏科学知识,不久便分为两部分人AdCqH*X0&KFF(.WICVJ

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2.Health experts and health websites urge those who are fasting to avoid foods high in fat and sugar, as well as fried foods, especially during the night-time meal.

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as well as 也;和...一样

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Boys as well as girls are taught cookery in school these days.
现在学校里男女学生都学烹饪Ocr6rT5W,c2)
He composed mystery stories as well as love poems.
他既写爱情诗也写神秘故事F+F4@rnt^o.=g.@1@

参考译文

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如何在斋月禁食期间保持健康?
周一,看到新月的穆斯林教徒开始庆祝神圣的斋月S^nG9HbWjgqCDIo1,aQ
对大多数穆斯林教徒来说,今年斋月的时间为6月6号到7月5号,fQb0+C34T=Gt。在此期间,他们一天只能吃两顿饭]15E&3Qf;49cC0(。一次是日出前吃的封斋饭*N&NqA(6f*Bn2kwyLk。还有一次是开斋饭ZzlxW0(S1@lnTcd4u]。开斋饭需在日落时食用iJ4RW4Py+Cg(^
位于北半球的国家在斋月期间将迎来一年中最长的一天vq8v0eN1YcwV。也就是说,一些穆斯林教徒在这一天将长达17个小时不能吃饭gnNhvoE2!2Jg5aq=
那么数百万开始斋戒的人们需要注意什么事项呢?晚上吃饭时要合理,更应该懂一些常识5n+Zl!Ky_CQazCA4
拉津·马赫鲁夫是牛津的医学专家*_bb)sXa*_^iLlt1S5。他警告称,不应在斋戒刚结束后食用太多食物Epte7aLhMHpfw6tN)N
他对英国国家医疗服务体系网站说道,“斋月的含义是自律和自控dprX6BY*jWFKnAuS。”

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穆斯林教徒迎斋月.jpg
他指出,清晨吃一些扛饿并且能数小时提供能量的食物d0x5dr6opN~。他建议食用消化慢的食物,如皮塔饼面包、沙拉、麦片和烤面包片QFF]v)x!0iYBZu3
健康专家和相关网站呼吁人们,在斋戒期间避免食用高脂肪和高糖食物,以及一些油炸食物,尤其不能在晚上吃~i+qX=@;yl*dyj78On
洛夫丽·兰加纳特是迪拜世贸中心的高级营养师_RUFMFshwfi^。她在接受海湾新闻采访时称,斋月期间,保证夜间充足的睡眠和补充大量水分是保持健康的关键b3]R[L0=WL8Z595
兰加纳特还说道,“早上醒来吃封斋饭非常困难,因为油炸食物的消化会干扰我们的睡眠周期”1Lao2xp%|s&NTB5
她称,喝水少不仅会引发脱水问题还会引起胃病o[KvjtNMuCEf
全球约16亿穆斯林教徒%hr6_*v)0-x。其中印度尼西亚的穆斯林教徒最多rB!t^Rz1Zk).3li#25Z。超1.96亿的印度尼西亚人为穆斯林教徒q)=5WrMakk
美国有330多万穆斯林教徒Nvh~-Fqt3GHP^!&!xi5(
许多穆斯林教徒会通过吃枣,喝水来度过斋月期39qls#FmS_&PxGLO0I
约1400年前,先知穆罕默德创建了这一传统活动g1kq|a]^R;39~X#745

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • mysteryn. 神秘,秘密,奥秘,神秘的人或事物
  • prophetn. 预言者,先知,提倡者
  • composedadj. 镇静的,沉着的
  • senioradj. 年长的,高级的,资深的,地位较高的 n. 年长
  • dehydrationn. 脱水
  • underlyingadj. 在下面的,基本的,隐含的
  • analysisn. 分析,解析
  • ignorancen. 无知
  • anticipatevt. 预期,抢 ... 前,语言,提前使用 vi. 预
  • avoidvt. 避免,逃避