Lack of Progress in Reducing Poverty
A new report says years of progress made in reducing poverty worldwide are under attack.
The International Labor Organization says the progress is being threatened by weakening economic conditions and a lack of quality jobs.
The ILO recently released the report. It is called "World Employment and Social Outlook 2016 -- Transforming Jobs to End Poverty."
The ILO says great progress in reducing poverty has been made over the past 20 years. The report explores the issue of extreme poverty in 107 emerging and developing countries.
Extreme poverty was defined as earning less than $2 a day.
The report found that in those countries, the number of people with such an income fell by almost half since 1990 to about 15 percent in 2012.
But not every country has experienced falling rates of poverty.
Guy Ryder is the ILO's Director-General. He says there have been great improvements in China and in Latin American countries. But poverty remains high in Africa and parts of Asia.
"For example, more than 40 percent of the African population continues to live in extreme poverty and some 64 percent in extreme or moderate poverty. Another element -- which I think we have to pay attention to -- is the fact that in the developed world, there has been an increase, an absolute increase in poverty, notably in this continent of Europe."
Ryder says the recent worsening of economic conditions in Asia and Latin America suggests a cloudy future for poverty reduction efforts there. He noted that economic growth does not mean a reduction in poverty.
He says income inequality is beginning to increase after dropping for many years. He says that hurts the ability of people to get out of poverty.
"In addition, the ability of growth to reduce poverty is compromised by the inequitable income distribution, showing that the rich are taking a disproportionately high share of the benefits of growth and, in a way, could be considered partly responsible for this perpetuation of poverty."
The ILO says United Nations' efforts to end poverty everywhere are at risk of failing.
I'm Bryan Lynn.
1.under attack 受到攻击
They found themselves in a passive position under attack.
2.a lack of 缺乏；缺少
Hard work can often make up for a lack of intelligence.
3.extreme poverty 极端贫困
Extreme poverty had reduced them to a state of apathy.
4.economic conditions 经济条件
Economic conditions are significant in many ways.
1.Another element -- which I think we have to pay attention to -- is the fact that in the developed world.
pay attention to 关注；重视
Don't pay attention to anything he says. He lies like a gas meter.
The government desired that everyone should pay attention to the rule.
2.He noted that economic growth does not mean a reduction in poverty.
economic growth 经济增长
The energy crisis stunted world economic growth.
The government will do everything in its power to stimulate economic growth.
劳工组织表示，过去二十年里脱贫工作取得了突破性进展 。报告主要研究了107个新兴国家和发展中国家的极端贫穷问题 。
简礼达（Guy Ryder）是劳工组织的总干事 。他称中国和拉美国家的脱贫工作收效颇丰 。但非洲及部分亚洲国家的贫困率依然居高不下 。
“例如，超40%的非洲人口依然处于极端贫穷之中，约64%的人口处于极端或中等贫穷之中 。另外需要引起重视的是发达国家，其贫困率呈明显上升趋势，尤其是欧洲各国 。”
礼达称，近期亚洲和拉美国家的经济形势每况愈下，预示着未来的脱贫工作面临窘境 。他指出经济增长并不代表贫困人口减少 。
他说，多年来贫富不均虽有所缓解，如今贫富差距又开始扩大 。这会大大削弱人们脱贫的能力 。