VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国空袭IS"首都"拉卡
日期:2016-05-27 15:20

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Airstrikes Hit Islamic State in Raqqa
The U.S. led a group of planes on airstrikes Tuesday against Islamic State positions in Raqqa, Syria.
A British-based monitoring group, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, said the attacks targeted IS on the outskirts of the city. This could have been to avoid civilian casualties, although civilian deaths were reported.
IS has declared Raqqa its capital in Syria. Political activists in Raqqa say Islamic State is using innocent people as human shields. They say IS places fighters and weapons in civilian housing.
The reports come a day after a group of Syrian militias backed by the U.S. moved against IS north of Raqqa. The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) announced the move in a video posted online.
The SDF are made up of at least 25,000 Syrian Kurds, as well as 5,000 to 6,000 Syrian Arabs.
The new push against IS is on areas north of Raqqa, not the city, a senior commander for the U.S. allied group told VOA.
The SDF commander said his troops were moving with tanks and other heavy weapons toward areas north of Raqqa.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also reported intense fighting between SDF and IS forces around villages about 56 kilometers north of Raqqa.
Colonel Steve Warren is a spokesman for the U.S.-led coalition fighting Islamic State. He said the coalition will support SDF, but U.S. Special Forces are giving assistance and advice, not fighters.
U.S. officials have downplayed expectations that forces will be able to capture Raqqa anytime soon.
A European diplomat told VOA the plan is to surround much of Raqqa and capture villages north, west and south of the city.
Hussam Eisa, from Raqqa Is Being Slaughtered Silently, said most civilians have fled those towns for Raqqa.
In Washington, U.S. Senator John McCain told VOA's Azerbaijani Service that capturing Raqqa would be "very difficult."
“They will not go down easy," McCain said. "They will fight to retain their territorial capital."
I'm Bryan Lynn.

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词汇解析

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1.made up of 由...组成

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Human tissue is made up of cells.
人体的组织是由细胞构成的0+50^WAgd@no

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2.a group of 一组;一群

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I have been talking to a group of salesmen.
我一直在与一群推销人员谈话&g+XWi^C9tlZIcu|

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3.Human Rights 人权

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Let us unite to fight for human rights.
让我们协力为人权而战Gb=Fuf+nU3NXH3^8wB

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4.civilian casualties 平民伤亡

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They took care to avoid civilian casualties.
他们谨慎行事,避免平民伤亡|SjDcBLEpU,y_B4ijZH]

内容解析

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1.The SDF are made up of at least 25,000 Syrian Kurds, as well as 5,000 to 6,000 Syrian Arabs.

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as well as 也;和...一样

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Boys as well as girls are taught cookery in school these days.
现在学校里男女学生都学烹饪U*yJ|!FR]rpQ
Brothers and sisters do not always agree as well as they should.
兄弟姐妹理应和睦相处,然而事实则不尽如此ZCwHuZU&xE-QMrgfujsA

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2.“They will not go down easy," McCain said. "They will fight to retain their territorial capital."

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go down 下降;平静

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Our labor costs did not go down accordingly.
我们的人工费用并没有相应地减少pEb;H3BM+tBl3tnWH+a
When the sun started to go down,he stopped and set up a tent.
太阳开始下山了,他停下来,竖起帐篷TM4frHMlP(x=

参考译文

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美国空袭IS“首都”拉卡
周二,美国对叙利亚城市拉卡的IS据点实施了空袭!Nt;ji.SZP+]5*DF
总部位于英国的叙利亚人权观察组织表示,此次空袭是为打击郊区的IS武装分子4uOf2._r@1)L。这样可以避免平民伤亡,但有报道称已有平民伤亡|mUZ-5(~b8CVf=
IS宣称拉卡为“首都”~p.2=+aIp.。地缘政治人士表示,IS将无辜的平民作人肉挡箭牌^DU=(Rw.I_.d,4。IS在平民家中藏匿武装分子和大量武器wh*%kF|O;F9pd2
美国支持的叙利亚联军开始收复拉卡北部地区,次日空袭拉卡的报道便公布出来+]foU|J^K5T。以库尔德人为首的叙利亚民主部队在网上公布的视频中宣告了此次行动9(iy^wVc#.1#O
这支民主部队包括至少25,000名库尔德人和五、六千名阿拉伯人6Vn(F=p.T!

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美俄联手打击IS.jpg
美国联合军队一位高级指挥官告诉美国之音,此次打击IS的行动在拉卡城市北部地区进行,并不在市区h6|LyC60%~UxNUNAJ
指挥官还表示,军队向拉卡北部行进时,携带了坦克和其他重型武器3oH0^%CA(C4JsJbrG
叙利亚人权观察组织称,自卫队和IS武装分子在距拉卡北部56公里处的村庄展开激战Vqjc[l2*e;6pA
史蒂夫·沃伦上校是美国支持的反“伊斯兰国”组织联盟的发言人%zt6CdA~gD3at。他表示联军会支持自卫队,但是特种部队不会参与,只提供帮助和建议s%sxdR~Q7|1M+sun
美国官员表示不要对部队能及时赶到拉卡抱有太高的期望9WJbsH]t|!iLW
一位欧洲外交官告诉美国之音,此次的计划是包围拉卡大部分地区并占据北部、西部和南部的村庄hKEZrZ|FmM
胡萨姆·伊萨(Hussam Eisa)来自正在遭遇无声屠杀的拉卡市,他说拉卡各镇的大多数村民早已逃离R+oUgE5!V10C^*;5
在华盛顿方面,美国参议员约翰·麦凯恩(John McCain)对阿塞拜疆处的美国之音表示,攻下拉卡绝非易事s1VNlX_un3Vg2WCs)z
麦凯恩说,“打击IS需要付出巨大的努力dsMQd_g+3bdM%mkD5@)。‘伊斯兰国’组织并非轻而易举就能攻破pnlAHb-u_m0。”“他们会拼死捍卫领土@J8G[b;l#d1Q]i+Bva。”
我是布莱恩·林恩V40qW5e]SJW!

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • intenseadj. 强烈的,剧烈的,热烈的
  • tentn. 帐篷 v. 住帐篷,宿营
  • announced宣布的
  • assistancen. 帮助,援助
  • innocentadj. 清白的,无辜的,无害的,天真纯洁的,无知的
  • commandern. 司令官,指挥官
  • outskirtsn. 郊区 名词outskirt的复数形式
  • diplomatadj. 外交官,外交家 n. 外交家
  • observatoryn. 天文台,气象台,了望台
  • retainvt. 保持,保留; 记住