VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):所谓人工智能 究竟是敌是友?
日期:2016-05-25 14:55

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Artificial Intelligence: Helpful and Dangerous
Computers and other machines have and will continue to change the way people do business and how we live.
Many researchers use the term artificial intelligence (AI) to describe the thinking and intelligent behavior demonstrated by machines. While AI can be helpful to human beings, scientists warn, it can also be a threat.
We live with artificial intelligence all around us. A few examples are iPhone's personal assistant Siri, searches on the Internet, and autopilot programs on airplanes.
AI is not new. But it is quickly getting more and more complex, and, well, more intelligent.
Stuart Russell teaches computer science at the University of California, Berkeley. He says humans should be sure to make AI products that we like.
"If we are going to make systems that are going to be more intelligent than us, it's absolutely essential for us to understand how to absolutely guarantee that they only do things that we are happy with."
In the future, Russell says, many of today's jobs that require a lot of physical labor will be replaced by machines with artificial intelligence. These include agricultural jobs, and ones with repetitive duties like telephone call centers. AI machines could also replace jobs like ones in the financial industry — jobs that require studying a lot of data.
This could lead to more questions.
"But if we replaced all the jobs that require human physical labor and then we replace all the jobs that require human mental labor, then you have to ask, well, 'What's left?'"
Russell sees artificial intelligence changing the economy and current way of life.
"Most people will be employed, possibly even self-employed, in providing individualized personal services to other human beings, that we won't have mass employment in manufacturing or in financial services."
He says that means the large factory, or large office building with thousands of people doing the same thing, will go away.
Guruduth Banavar is IBM's Chief Science Officer of Cognitive Computing. He sees a future where new jobs such as data engineering will be created.
"The future will require everybody to work with these learning reasoning machines. So I think the skill set for many of these jobs will end up being different in the future."
The health care industry is one area artificial intelligence is already changing. AI can process huge amounts of data, so doctors can use the most up-to-date information to diagnose and treat patients.
IBM's Watson technology is already in use at hospitals in North and South America, Europe and Asia.
Banavar says Watson helps doctors keep up with information.
"The difference between going to a doctor who has Watson versus not having Watson is very big, because when doctors, you go to a doctor today you might find somebody who is 10 years out of date."
There is also a dangerous side to artificial intelligence. One example is combining drone aircraft technology and AI to create autonomous weapons.
Stuart Russell is working to create international treaties to ban such weapons. He says the risk is that people will use this technology to develop a kind of "poor man's nuclear weapon."
"It is a race against time because the weapons are starting to emerge, the research is moving into development, development is moving into production..."
IBM's Banavar points out the value of artificial intelligence, including search engines and the autopilot function on planes.
The debate about whether artificial intelligence is good -- or bad -- for humans continues. Researchers agree there is no question that the technology is here, and will continue to change life on our planet.
I'm Anne Ball.

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词汇解析

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1.do business 经商

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I used to do business with him.
我过去常和他做生意&SQ2pI*FQ&leNaP

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2.artificial intelligence 人工智能

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Everyone of us, old or young, should take a hand in physical labor.
我们每个人不论老少都应参加体力劳动JpdHgMH3cXy[&RV,Er

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3.physical labor 体力劳动

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Don't quote my words out of context.
别断章取义地引用我的话Q(hqhh&(Hx7QoS^j^Nb9

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4.financial industry 金融业

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The modern financial industry is composed of insurance, banking and security.
保险行业和银行业、券业一起构成现代金融业m=Ug_vMe)MelR

内容解析

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1.This could lead to more questions.

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lead to 导致

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That may lead to a serious split in our class.
那可能导致我们班的严重分裂_dsg8WNteSkqg
Blindly copying others might very well lead to losses.
盲目搬用别人的经验很容易造成损失ZkM5Qa;@a@aB;V#=^YA7

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2.So I think the skill set for many of these jobs will end up being different in the future."

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end up 结束;终结

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I never thought I 'd end up working in a dump like this.
我从未想到,我最后会在这样污秽的场所工作^Jc7G_6^H8c
If you continue to steal you will end up in prison.
你要是继续行窃终归得进监狱x~fx82SSNs_^*D(6

参考译文

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所谓人工智能 究竟是敌是友?
计算机和其它机器已经改变并将继续改变人类的商业和生活模式Jo*FbBnBmz]8kMDJ
研究员们用“人工智能(AI)”一词来描述机器表现出的思维和智能行为AXM(3i|0lBc。科学家们警告称,尽管人工智能为人类带来便利,但也会成为一种威胁sMIS)J+1xgJG
人工智能渗透我们生活的方方面面4JlVD,|e#l#i4。包括苹果手机的智能语音功能Siri,互联网搜索引擎及飞机上的自动驾驶仪3];Ld+bL=BFUM]
人工智能并非近期出现HQ_[u387yuw)T。然而,它高速发展的同时越来越复杂,也越来越智能W[]E)C6|j.bvx=
斯图尔特·罗素(Stuart Russell)在加州大学伯克利分校教授计算机科学P.QIA02+XDq.h。他表示,应该制造我们喜欢的人工智能产品fnKe5~V[9xt0=5YVcf
他说,“如果制造比人脑更加智能的系统,那么一定得了解如何确保它们只做我们让满意的事情|@dEBbz#~~k。”

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人工智能是敌是友.jpg
罗素表示,未来很多需要大量体力劳动的工作岗位将被人工智能机器所替代L5Cxxu#On5r。包括农业领域,以及重复性工作如电话呼叫中心GsKH,ASub%rb0_9。人工智能机器可能也将取代金融行业里研究海量数据的职位1GaJ&#Dvugc;9HCSK5q6
这可能会导致很多问题d=+9tAH=71nvh;Ud
他说,“如果我们用人工智能取代所有需要体力劳动的工作岗位,然后取代所有需要脑力劳动的岗位,那么你就得思考,‘我们还剩下些什么?’”
罗素认为人工智能改变了经济模式和当今的生活方式Fefzwp.~qNKCuCvSeR
他说,“大多数人找的工作,甚至有人单干,都是为别人提供个性化的定制服务,那时候我们在制造业或者金融业就不会有大规模的就业现象LlKyva3n3GF&sR#。”
他说,这意味着成千上万个做同一种工作的大型工厂或大型写字楼将会倒闭EH+n2ti=HdM
格如德斯·巴拿瓦(Guruduth Banavar)是IBM认知计算部的首席科学官uxTnc,;WOt。他认为未来会出现数据工程等新职位iQ|#^;[GQs+_;O+XnV
“将来每个人都得跟这些学习、推理机器一起工作0-WJxuqfgPMDt(o*。因此我认为,未来这类工作所需技能将与众不同U79[oBubT[j。”
医疗保健是深受人工智能影响的行业之一t|(C*cEJ;^)HQdi|。人工智能可以处理大量数据,医生就可以利用最新信息诊断和治疗病人YcZXdaY&(7
IBM的沃森技术已经在北美、南美、欧洲和亚洲的各大医院投入使用VeDW6&W)xe,7
巴拿瓦表示,沃森技术让医生掌握最新信息动态=A.(ie;Xlk*^WT
他说,“去医院看病时,医生是否使用沃森系统,其差异是非常大的e8RW1]W3Cxgr。因为你现在去看医生的话会发现有的医生已经落后时代10年rSj9EVy7R)98U-pJorP。”
人工智能也具有危险的一面i8WfC_+#i^Q0ea。比如结合无人机技术和人工智能制造出的自动化武器Z^)xXyWsxvw@cDR~
罗素呼吁建立国际公约禁止此类新型武器]&jFt-2yzCsWo*+b。他说人们可能会使用这种技术研发“穷人的核武器”Lt]E4|chjZD)5HpiU7
他说,“这是一场与时间的较量4Ki)Tz^(pgtf&&yr)8E。这种武器已经开始出现,研究变为开发,开发进而变为生产......”
IBM的巴拿瓦指出了人工智能的价值,包括搜索引擎和飞机自动导航功能NAz90[d|]]@-5EX*bzdy
有关人工智能对人类是利是弊的争论仍在继续Dm3)7JAM.!FEA(f(thj。研究人员称,毫无疑问,人工智能已经出现并将继续改变我们的生活8V&=q.fGLo-
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • emergevi. 浮现,(由某种状态)脱出,(事实)显现出来
  • securityn. 安全,防护措施,保证,抵押,债券,证券
  • planetn. 行星
  • splitn. 劈开,裂片,裂口 adj. 分散的 v. 分离,分
  • mentaladj. 精神的,脑力的,精神错乱的 n. 精神病患者
  • complexadj. 复杂的,复合的,合成的 n. 复合体,综合体,
  • artificialadj. 人造的,虚伪的,武断的
  • diagnosev. 判断,诊断(疾病)
  • composedadj. 镇静的,沉着的
  • guaranteen. 保证,保证书,担保,担保人,抵押品 vt. 保证,