VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):富人的压力比穷人更"优越"?
日期:2016-05-20 19:37

(单词翻译:单击)

uyAd9(OFk!x(|q*5b@B#T*|cjWIm

听力文本

#J)OENz%F9uAZsp[;g&

Rich People Even Have Better Stress Than Poor
For VOA Learning English, this is the Health and Lifestyle report.
The lives of rich people seem to be getting better and better. Rich people generally have better homes than poor people. They usually have better jobs and better schools for their children, too.
Now, a new study finds that the rich may even have better stress than poor people.
Stress is the way the brain reacts to any kind of demand or threat. The American Psychological Association says it is part of our body's fight-or-flight response.
When faced with danger, stress can create energy to fight off an attacker. It makes the body release hormones that increase our heart rate and blood pressure.
That is the stress of ancient times. In modern times, stress can help you give a great presentation at work or win a sporting event. This is short-term stress that leads to success in accomplishing a goal.
This is a good kind of stress. And it is the stress that most rich people have.
But many problems with life or work can cause stress. Stressors are the bills that you can't pay; the childcare that falls through at the last minute; or the car that won't start.
These stressors add to what experts call chronic stress. According to a new survey, this is the stress facing many poor people in the United States. The Brookings Institution, a public policy group, reported the finding.
The APA website notes that chronic stress can affect a person's mental and physical health. When people deal with these chronic stressors every day, their fight-or-flight response is stuck in the "on" position.
And chronic stress is poor people stress.
Poor people often experience stressful conditions beyond their control. If one thing goes wrong in their day – like a flat tire or picking up a sick child from school – their lives can spiral out of control. This can create a huge amount of chronic stress.
For some people, there is often no light at the end of tunnel. The day-to-day stress never lets up. And it is wears down the body. It harms the natural defenses against disease, puts pressure on the heart, makes muscles tired and can cause depression.
Besides causing physical issues, chronic day-to-day stress can lead to other problems.
It is difficult to plan for tomorrow when you can barely make ends meet today. Poor people often do not have time, energy or resources to plan and successfully complete long-term goals. The daily grind of life can make it more difficult to attend college classes at night in hopes of getting a better job.
Rich people also have stress and face difficulties. But their situations are very different. Rich people's stress is often linked to career advancement. It is short-term stress that helps lead them to a long-term goal.
Of course, rich people can have terrible things happen to them. But they are usually better prepared.
They usually have better life insurance policies. They may have more professional contacts that often reach far back to college and even high school. These connections can help them get another job should they lose the one they have.
People with money usually have better doctors and medical care than poor people. If a family member develops a drug dependency, for example, a person with money can send them to a drug treatment center.
The rich also have access to support that poor people often don't.
A poor person may worry a lot about a child getting poor grades in school. A rich person can pay a tutor to help their child. In other words, wealthy people can throw money at their problems. This can greatly reduce stress.
It is important to note that chronic stress can be a problem among poor people in the United States. In other countries, the poor may not experience the same kind of stress.
The Brookings survey found that the Americans most at risk are generally uneducated, lower-income white people. The rates of suicide and addiction to prescription drugs are on the rise among this group.
This same poll found that differences between life satisfaction and stress between rich and poor Americans are very large.
I'm Anna Matteo.

W%ON(Sv%q5Hg

词汇解析

N][wOHaWb]q

1.fight off 击退

zw5LSQ|&JrJM*m7=qfsY

You do try to fight off your shyness, and I love you for it.
你正在努力克服自己的羞怯,你能这样,我太喜欢了E)-3TjVF6c61,Rxy2CK-

9Imp#lv28BP

2.heart rate 心率

JXS~sKI#_;,-*ew0fZ

Athletes have, as a rule, a slower heart rate.
通常运动员的心率较慢&s]^rns,yc4~|

ud&RtC*(.FB0eC2a3

3.blood pressure 血压

lC%@T~|ec#r3j@b#_

Both diet and exercise affect blood pressure.
饮食和运动都对血压有影响LzJUL,==UIpK4&M

Nk-l|W^hTxzTP

4.leads to 导致

cM,;-ASt=I8U

The path leads to a hill bare of vegetation.
这条小道通向一座没有草木的小山7]*(PcZ#Qc6|%@x-KS1H

内容解析

M;W#v5y;EA

1.Stressors are the bills that you can't pay; the childcare that falls through at the last minute; or the car that won't start.

;|ya_!w*j0_1w

fall through 落空;失败

yHznNXWD.TEf&

He is rather weak-willed and would easily fall through temptation
他意志薄弱,很容易受诱惑而堕落g^P^b@L8grNix
Should they fall through in their present plans, the consequences will be fatal.
他们现在的计划一旦落空,后果将极为严重Px&Y!6u6b7pr

#iR3fQX-@S^oAJp|0C

2.The rich also have access to support that poor people often don't.

*v.lhuL5E(wl

access to 接近;通过...入口

V-BBV)6U@w6uLV7xJ

I have access to his office.
我可以进出他的办公室G6@[3gO*C^a
The only access to their house is along that narrow road.
只有沿着那条狭窄的路走才能到达他们的房子HOGlhKaD6LrqIj+B

参考译文

&EA_OZA^N,R-%]r(sr

富人的压力比穷人更“优越”?
这里是VOA慢速英语健康生活频道Jm&Nt2U7;LasVn]x6uI
富人的生活似乎越来越好了9OEMU1rMs4-snaDT。富人的住房比穷人的气派Te54sY%]am,9。他们的工作薪水更加丰厚,他们的孩子念的也是贵族学校#x!P3a=MFztY[%&
然而,最新一项研究显示,富人比穷人面临“更优越”压力qhMV(UE1!+Ly
压力是大脑对某种需求或威胁作出的不安反应P#,dNv5X1Tto_=i]。美国心理学会称这是人类身体一种“战或逃”的本能反应2uwta]G(_.7r-^g+~
面临危险时,压力可以激发击退侵犯者的能力LNZRITY;|H%P。压力会让人体释放出使心跳加快和血压升高的荷尔蒙YhPG+X1hOxfnwf-GH07
这是在远古时期压力的作用HY9RZHFGDV.]OqLntl。在现代,压力可以帮你在工作中发表一次出色的演讲,或者赢得体育竞赛pcS[^aMhssG%cfi1L。这种短期压力可以帮你完成目标,B!MvjDp!f
这是一种良性的压力@Otz^(Y[dA。这也是大多数富人所拥有的压力@ve662a&6w

G6X6!_-vOkDL~GWiG

美国的贫富差距的压力.jpg
生活或工作中的很多问题都会引起压力VpqShp_G%5,ZNFa。压力可能来自于尚未付清的账单;最后一刻出状况的儿童看护;或一辆无法发动的汽车)A^4#g#&-Hay1g.eG
专家称这些为“慢性压力”&uTwS6hcuOXWZCZ。最近一项调查显示,美国多数穷人都面临着这种压力6~Mh-W(vk5^n。公共政策机构布鲁金斯学会报道了这项发现zPH_um1.zL
美国心理学会的网站指出,慢性压力影响人的心理和身体健康2h;HF_o]G|K。如果每天面对这些慢性压力,“战或逃”的反应机制就会一直处于活跃状态mQYj%5D|-san.JLVAe
所以慢性压力就是穷人所面对的压力wVLGWtu^RC5Z2C+
穷人经常面对充满压力且难以控制的状况D[D00jEHFh(4s~v-r@~。如果碰上诸如汽车爆胎或去学校接生病孩子回家等事情,他们的生活就会急转直下pCT2Q&E4Epw_pe。这会产生大量的慢性压力Y+S,ZTqj64%To|
对有的人来说,这样的日子没有尽头(TQ0g3ZiYo=~C。日复一日的压力永远都不会消失R8[n*7C07ZT_gOgvb5,d。最终会把身体拖垮Z)uQ[piy+5MlR。压力会降低人体免疫力,向心脏施加压力,使肌肉变得松弛无力,严重者甚至会得抑郁症MQF0t!Jg!Gv
除了身体上的问题,日复一日的慢性压力还会引发其他问题yEqoSc;9.!WYDk5MP
若今日入不敷出,那么拿什么为明日做打算KkwpbOOMD(Z=Ag.zb。穷人通常没有时间、精力或者资源去规划并实现长远目标)wI[humMN4N5z0dDsdpj。生活的点点滴滴让他们很难念完夜校并找一份好工作c_Y^ZpPbbglwAu
当然,富人也有压力,也会面临各种困难@A!C5Tb|WZB51@GWZ。但是他们的处境完全不一样]|+AQgmN*vY4IO)@9.f。富人的压力通常与职场晋升有关wrNx0i&5wt-+b。是短期压力让他们有了长远目标*(jXjK4Oqgmc2;@&m
当然,富人也会遇到糟糕的事情m!QZBmf9!1Xl..q。但是他们往往有着齐全的准备7ImJBlBf;z
他们有更完善的人寿保险s1UC@%t~dBJt。他们保持着与大学甚至是高中同学间良好的人际关系M1qRDh;BpF1_vT。一旦失业,凭借这些人脉他们可以立刻找到一份工作Mb6@6Nl[siYp]Y
富人比穷人拥有更为专业的医生和医疗护理FJ.lnNkHpUf2FV。比如,若家人对药物产生了依赖,富人就可以送他们去戒毒康复中心jilGhJ37rCx)65_NgX
富人解决问题的途径也是穷人难以企及的ieMzRi%Ud2i%lr2p+
穷人常常担心孩子的学习成绩U-MSbLl5c,;v2|ZX。而富人会请家教指导孩子学习jSN@T^,2+0xWewu!。换句话说,富人可以用钱解决问题=8TV7_dSBxm.。这很大程度上纾解了压力vg(_,Fb=)dA
美国穷人的慢性压力问题不容忽视-dH7r%oNB#_c。其他国家的穷人可能并不存在这样的压力5nqYoNbdE,VY9[
布鲁克斯研究所经调查发现,面临这种压力的通常为低学历、低收入的美国白人isOlvauo!g5VQ9。这一群体自杀率和对处方药上瘾的比例都在飙升C^h|C[#+RP02,lT|
同样一份调查还显示,富人和穷人对生活满意度及压力的区别也是相当大的9PAvpl=JCZu1J
我是安娜·马特奥Ld.zKDxwqY*

C~-#1J17_!3Gw5

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

gt.dV%8GVFF;dx&^DR2(E;pZePy3=;yBYV=I*]XrYQKy]
分享到
重点单词
  • tiren. 轮胎,金属圈 v. 使疲倦,厌烦
  • insurancen. 保险,保险费,安全措施
  • spiraln. 旋涡,螺旋形之物 adj. 螺旋形的,盘旋的 v.
  • responsen. 回答,响应,反应,答复 n. [宗]答复语,
  • institutionn. 机构,制度,创立
  • stressfuladj. 紧张的,压力重的
  • tutorn. 家庭教师,导师 v. 当家庭教师,当导师,指导
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支
  • presentationn. 陈述,介绍,赠与 n. [美]讲课,报告
  • tunneln. 隧道,地道 v. 挖隧道,挖地道