First US Woman to Lead Combatant Command
The first woman to lead one of the largest U.S. military commands officially began the job on Friday.
Air Force General Lori Robinson is the new head of the U.S. Northern Command (NORTHCOM) and North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD).
Robinson accepted her new duties during a ceremony at Peterson Air Force Base in Colorado Springs, Colorado. She is replacing Navy Admiral Bill Gortney, who is retiring.
Robinson is the first woman to lead one of nine unified U.S. combatant commands. Each command operates under a single commander.
The NORTHCOM command includes the U.S. mainland, Alaska, Mexico, Canada, parts of the Caribbean Sea and surrounding waters.
NORTHCOM is mainly responsible for civilian support and homeland security while also supervising NORAD, according to the U.S. Defense Department. Both NORTHCOM and NORAD are responsible for protecting U.S. and North American airspace.
NORTHCOM was created after the September 11, 2001 terror attacks against the United States. The Defense Department says its job is to "deter, prevent and defeat threats and aggression aimed at the United States, its territories, and interests."
Before Friday, Robinson commanded Pacific Air Forces, a Defense Department statement said. Pacific Air Forces is responsible for Air Force activities spread over half the world. It supports 46,000 Air Force members, serving mainly in Japan, Korea, Hawaii, Alaska and Guam.
Defense Secretary Ash Carter nominated Robinson to her new position in March. During her nomination hearing, she told a U.S. Senate committee that "defense of the homeland is a sacred responsibility and the No. 1 mission of the Department of Defense."
She added that the United States currently "faces many challenging threats from within and abroad." Among the threats she named were home-grown violent extremism, cyberattacks, and trafficking of drugs and other illegal products by international criminal organizations.
Robinson is one of only two female four-star generals in the Air Force, according to The Associated Press.
I'm Bryan Lynn.
1.homeland security 国土安全
The Department of Homeland Security did not respond to requests for an interview or comment.
2.the Caribbean Sea 加勒比海
The ship was heading straight into the Caribbean Sea.
3.terror attacks 恐怖袭击
The Sept 11 terror attacks on US soil have focused world attention squarely on terrorist activity.
4.be responsible for 负责
He denied that he was responsible for the accident.
1.The Defense Department says its job is to "deter, prevent and defeat threats and aggression aimed at the United States, its territories, and interests."
aimed at 针对
Distinction is the thing to be aimed at.
This anti-smoking campaign is mainly aimed at young teenagers.
2.Among the threats she named were home-grown violent extremism, cyberattacks, and trafficking of drugs and other illegal products by international criminal organizations.
illegal products 非法产品
We should not admire people who spend their money in these illegal products.
We do not engaged in illegal logging or business or selling or buying illegal products.
空军上将洛瑞·罗宾逊（Lori Robinson）成为美国北方司令部及北美防空司令部的新任指挥官 。
在科罗拉多州科罗拉多斯普林斯市的彼得森空军基地举行的仪式上，罗宾逊接受了任命 。她将接任即将退休的海军上将比尔·戈特尼 。
罗宾逊是首位领导美国九大联合作战司令部之一的女指挥官 。每个司令部由一位指挥官指挥 。
据美国防部公布，北方司令部主要负责非军事支持和国土安全，同时监管北美防空司令部 。北方司令部和北美防空司令部都负责保卫美国和北美领空 。
2001年9月11日美国发生恐怖袭击后，北方司令部成立 。美国国防部表示，它的职责就是“阻止、预防及挫败针对美国、美国领地以及利益的威胁和侵略 。”
国防部公布的一份声明显示，此前罗宾逊负责指挥太平洋空军 。太平洋空军的职责包括大半个地球的空军活动，为在日本、韩国、夏威夷、阿拉斯加和关岛服役的46000名空军人员提供支持 。
3月份，美国国防部部长阿什·卡特（Ash Carter）提名罗宾逊出任美国北方司令部司令 。在提名听证会上，她对美国参议院委员会表示，“国防是美国国防部的神圣职责和第一使命 。”
她补充说，美国目前“面临着来自国内外多项挑衅性威胁 。”她列举了美国本土暴力极端主义、网络攻击、及国际犯罪组织贩卖毒品、走私非法物品等重大隐患 。