Medical Mistakes, Third-Leading Cause of Death in US
A new report says medical errors are the third-leading cause of death in the United States.
Researchers at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, say medical errors cause more than 250,000 deaths every year.
If the research is correct, it means deaths caused by doctors' errors are greater in number than deaths by respiratory disease.
That number also is higher than the 150,000 deaths yearly reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The CDC keeps the official statistics about causes of death in the U.S. The Johns Hopkins researchers say the CDC's way of collecting data "fails to classify medical errors separately on the death certificate."
Dr. Martin Makary is a professor of surgery at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He is also an authority on health reform. He says there is no standardized method for collecting national statistics about such medical care problems.
The CDC's methods for following medical-error deaths were adopted in 1949, according to the researchers. They say the record-keeping needs to be changed to account for medical mistakes.
Dr. Makary said, "At that time, it was under-recognized that diagnostic errors, medical mistakes, and the absence of safety nets could result in someone's death."
He added, "medical errors were unintentionally excluded from national health statistics" for that reason.
The researchers studied death rate data from 2000 to 2008. They then took information about hospitalization rates from 2013. Using that data, they determined that medical errors caused 251,000 deaths each year out of more than 35 million hospitalizations.
This, researchers say, represents 9.5 percent of all deaths in the U.S. each year.
In 2013, the CDC said heart disease was the leading cause of death in the U.S., followed by cancer and respiratory disease.
"Top-ranked causes of death as reported by the CDC inform our country's research funding and public health priorities," Dr. Makary said.
"Right now, cancer and heart disease get a ton of attention, but since medical errors don't appear on the list, the problem doesn't get the funding and attention it deserves," he said.
The researchers warn that medical errors are not the same thing as the work of bad doctors. They say medical mistakes are the result of problems in medical systems and the coordination of care and insurance coverage.
The study says its findings should help raise awareness about the problem and support research to prevent medical errors.
I'm Mario Ritter.
1.medical error 医疗事故
It was a medical error which led to the death of the patient.
2.official statistics 官方统计
The official statistics have to be analysed with care.
3.fails to 未能
He never fails to write to his mother every week.
4.diagnostic error 误诊
There were many diagnostic errors on rupture of Achilles Tendon recently.
1.He is also an authority on health reform.
health reform 医疗改革
Health reform, says the budget office, will increase Social Security revenues and reduce Medicare costs.
After a worrying lack of leadership for several weeks, he seems to be pushing hard for health reform again.
2.They say medical mistakes are the result of problems in medical systems and the coordination of care and insurance coverage.
the result of ...的结果
The result of the election has been published.
Soil acidification can be the result of acid rain.
美国疾病控制和预防中心负责统计美国人死亡原因的具体数据 。约翰·霍普金斯大学的研究人员表示，美国疾病控制和预防中心收集死亡原因数据时并未将医疗过失单独分类 。
马丁·马卡利（Martin Makary）博士是约翰·霍普金斯大学医学院的外科教授 。他还是美国医疗改革的权威人士 。他表示，收集如医疗事故等全国统计数据时并没有标准化的方法 。
研究人员称，1949年美国疾病控制和预防中心开始实行跟踪记录医疗事故死亡人数的方法 。他们表示需要修改该记录方法来说明医疗过错 。
研究人员研究了2000年到2008年的死亡率数据 。然后他们提取了2013年的住院率信息 。通过此数据他们发现，每年3500多万名住院者中因医疗过失而死亡的人数达25.1万 。
研究人员警告说，医疗过错和庸医并不是一回事 。他们表示，医疗过错是医疗系统问题以及护理和保险金额相协调导致的结果 。