VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):医疗过失!美国病人的第三大"杀手"
日期:2016-05-17 11:37

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Medical Mistakes, Third-Leading Cause of Death in US
A new report says medical errors are the third-leading cause of death in the United States.
Researchers at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, say medical errors cause more than 250,000 deaths every year.
If the research is correct, it means deaths caused by doctors' errors are greater in number than deaths by respiratory disease.
That number also is higher than the 150,000 deaths yearly reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The CDC keeps the official statistics about causes of death in the U.S. The Johns Hopkins researchers say the CDC's way of collecting data "fails to classify medical errors separately on the death certificate."
Dr. Martin Makary is a professor of surgery at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He is also an authority on health reform. He says there is no standardized method for collecting national statistics about such medical care problems.
The CDC's methods for following medical-error deaths were adopted in 1949, according to the researchers. They say the record-keeping needs to be changed to account for medical mistakes.
Dr. Makary said, "At that time, it was under-recognized that diagnostic errors, medical mistakes, and the absence of safety nets could result in someone's death."
He added, "medical errors were unintentionally excluded from national health statistics" for that reason.
The researchers studied death rate data from 2000 to 2008. They then took information about hospitalization rates from 2013. Using that data, they determined that medical errors caused 251,000 deaths each year out of more than 35 million hospitalizations.
This, researchers say, represents 9.5 percent of all deaths in the U.S. each year.
In 2013, the CDC said heart disease was the leading cause of death in the U.S., followed by cancer and respiratory disease.
"Top-ranked causes of death as reported by the CDC inform our country's research funding and public health priorities," Dr. Makary said.
"Right now, cancer and heart disease get a ton of attention, but since medical errors don't appear on the list, the problem doesn't get the funding and attention it deserves," he said.
The researchers warn that medical errors are not the same thing as the work of bad doctors. They say medical mistakes are the result of problems in medical systems and the coordination of care and insurance coverage.
The study says its findings should help raise awareness about the problem and support research to prevent medical errors.
I'm Mario Ritter.

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词汇解析

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1.medical error 医疗事故

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It was a medical error which led to the death of the patient.
医疗事故导致了病人的死亡y2SPW(SWi9zD-jNk^*p

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2.official statistics 官方统计

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The official statistics have to be analysed with care.
在分析官方统计数字时必须要谨慎&qi1dU7YuTYJ~B

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3.fails to 未能

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He never fails to write to his mother every week.
他从没忘记每周给母亲写信Uwbau2L.6MwMwG-NTp2b

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4.diagnostic error 误诊

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There were many diagnostic errors on rupture of Achilles Tendon recently.
近年来跟腱断裂的发生较多,但临床的误诊率较高Qfnj~mv~c,x1

内容解析

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1.He is also an authority on health reform.

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health reform 医疗改革

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Health reform, says the budget office, will increase Social Security revenues and reduce Medicare costs.
预算办公室认为,医疗改革将提高“社会保障”收益,减少“医保”费用Et(,I9208Gc
After a worrying lack of leadership for several weeks, he seems to be pushing hard for health reform again.
在令人持续数周令人担忧的领导不力之后,他似乎又开始大力推进医疗改革了4t[|c*@YFfp

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2.They say medical mistakes are the result of problems in medical systems and the coordination of care and insurance coverage.

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the result of ...的结果

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The result of the election has been published.
选举结果已揭晓XaY5w[eIUmR-%Il
Soil acidification can be the result of acid rain.
土壤酸化可能是由于酸雨造成的k%B7oDKx7GBPn4tK5dcZ

参考译文

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医疗过失!美国病人的第三大“杀手”
一项新的研究发现,医疗过失已成为美国人死亡的第三大杀手qUlRqRB)9Q&
来自马里兰州巴尔的摩市的约翰·霍普金斯大学研究人员表示,每年因医疗过失死亡的人超过25万AUDD_fMo[oo&gVxyg7mo
若该数据属实,这就意味着因医生过失而死亡的人数超过了因呼吸道疾病而死亡的人数=vEEb_(O_YF]On1M8
这一数据也超出了美国疾病控制和预防中心出具的每年约15万人死于医疗事故的记录Df#Gb.FQdG,CQ[jlz
美国疾病控制和预防中心负责统计美国人死亡原因的具体数据^CK|X=mhwh;IH。约翰·霍普金斯大学的研究人员表示,美国疾病控制和预防中心收集死亡原因数据时并未将医疗过失单独分类Ch)^%#_d!]Y=
马丁·马卡利(Martin Makary)博士是约翰·霍普金斯大学医学院的外科教授2#F)%#4B3Q4^-Q!8。他还是美国医疗改革的权威人士T&hm%Ia4_h[SQ9f7X.。他表示,收集如医疗事故等全国统计数据时并没有标准化的方法LLtOYb*[bpk@vM

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医疗过失称第三大杀手.jpg
研究人员称,1949年美国疾病控制和预防中心开始实行跟踪记录医疗事故死亡人数的方法(hs!2czkpSu9ed6-T。他们表示需要修改该记录方法来说明医疗过错8+&5MErC^W9zl1UxNx
马卡利博士表示,“当时,人们并没有意识到误诊、医疗事故以及缺乏安全保障会致人死亡Nq4,o4+-vX!。”
他补充说,因此,“医疗过失被意外地排除在全国卫生统计数据之外]R,G;nvg5|1Z3JBe。”
研究人员研究了2000年到2008年的死亡率数据99M_nQ3BbmF(Ikil1O。然后他们提取了2013年的住院率信息EwgUM=Z9tm_]Z~qxN.。通过此数据他们发现,每年3500多万名住院者中因医疗过失而死亡的人数达25.1万WNMVK~mwVGlSjU
研究人员表示,这一死亡人数占美国每年总死亡人数的9.5%-anutdM0FP
美国疾病控制和预防中心表示,2013年心脏病成为美国病人第一致死原因,其次是癌症和呼吸系统疾病=n0l;&CWWDDpK
马卡利博士表示,“美国疾病控制和预防中心公布的首要死因,为美国的研究经费和公共卫生优先事项提供了信息t_.YwPc#2[n2O=T。”
他说,“目前,癌症和心脏病得到广泛的关注,但是由于医疗事故不会出现在排名列表中,所以这个问题仍没有得到应有的资金和注意力n_w1-BU-(ohWkW|dV。”
研究人员警告说,医疗过错和庸医并不是一回事ajlzWt3Q9W#R。他们表示,医疗过错是医疗系统问题以及护理和保险金额相协调导致的结果j-QkmX*E&PvikIk
研究结果将有助于提升人们对此问题的关注力度,也可助力研究以防止医疗过失jwU3tJlFx;wQfW2]8#37
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • classifyvt. 分类,归类
  • surgeryn. 外科,外科手术,诊所
  • coordinationn. 协调
  • electionn. 选举
  • insurancen. 保险,保险费,安全措施
  • preventv. 预防,防止
  • authorityn. 权力,权威,职权,官方,当局
  • respiratoryadj. 呼吸的,与呼吸有关的
  • reformv. 改革,改造,革新 n. 改革,改良
  • preventionn. 阻止,妨碍,预防