VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):绿色植物影响女性寿命
日期:2016-05-12 14:38

(单词翻译:单击)

94]U&V=WlOt+w3*%HB;uR_H^am

听力文本

B~D6MdXQn5vMOo

Study: Plants May Help Women Live Longer
Living among trees, plants and flowers can fill your life with beauty. And if you are a woman, it can also help you live longer.
Researchers found that women who live in homes surrounded by plants appear to have lower death rates than women who live in areas with less greenery.
Researchers at Harvard University's T.H. Chan School of Public Health reported the finding.
Peter James is a research associate in the school's Department of Epidemiology. An epidemiologist is an expert in how disease spreads and how it can be controlled.
James and his team looked at information from one of the largest and oldest investigations of women's health: the Nurse's Health Study. The Nurse's Health Study began 40 years ago and expanded in 1989. It now has information on nearly 200,000 women.
For the new study, the Harvard team looked at the mortality rates of more than 100,000 women between the years 2000 and 2008.
Then the researchers compared the mortality rates of these women to the greenery around their homes.
To determine the amount of trees and other vegetation, researchers examined satellite images.
The researchers considered other risk factors – things such as the age of the women, their economic status, race and ethnicity. They also looked at whether or not the women smoked.
The study found that the mortality rate among women who lived in the greenest spaces was 12 percent lower than those from the least green areas.
Peter James said he and his team were surprised to find such a strong link between high vegetation levels and low mortality rates. He adds they were also surprised to find how high levels of plant life can affect a woman's mental health.
The study suggests that living among vegetation -- trees, flower and other plants -- lowered levels of depression. Researchers say women in greener areas spent more time with other people, exercised more and were less exposed to air pollution.
One of the biggest effects of greenery appeared to be a lowered risk of respiratory disease and cancer. Here are some numbers. The study found that women living in areas with the most greenery had a 34 percent lower rate of dying from a respiratory disease and a 13 percent lower rate of dying from cancer.
James says that it is common knowledge that vegetation helps the environment in many ways. But, he adds, the new findings suggest ways for city planners, landscape architects and policymakers to grow even healthier living areas.
I'm Anna Matteo.

T,yjuXwK~~I+3

词汇解析

0juS~_I+7&,

1.be surrounded by 被...环绕

O@R6S9xm-*esIY

The orchard is surrounded by spruce forest.
该种子园四周有云杉林环绕at9P3ZTuhsl

lM%SZOddl=Y)p%EUvZ

2.death rates 死亡率

#3sHHy(lo&U|nAz2y#aU

Pollution from car exhausts has raised death rates in cities all over the industrialised world.
汽车废气造成的污染已提高了所有工业化国家城市人口的死亡率d;+,teyxozgpw

E&Spq-jAxda

3.mortality rates 死亡率

Ofkq#qzcbmnw0%DXr

Mortality rates actually increased with age in the same birth cohort.
在相同的血统组中,死亡率实际上随年龄的增加而增加w2#t40hP_4OX;

DE)a[EoTM(=U=HYX;.6

4.the amount of ...数量

%M.s~dwTSudTjyhQ

The amount of the fine must be specified.
罚款之金额必须明文规定7EeFE)wyIca2Mwa-+

内容解析

As-dxZrU~9a

1.He adds they were also surprised to find how high levels of plant life can affect a woman's mental health.

Qe3y(_OFHS7NN(

mental health 心理健康

U;LuSOvjJF

Keeping your body in shape is beneficial to mental health.
保持体型有利于心理健康fm_9E4JeX~f7bqCgaGL]
How they affect our mental health is all up to us and how we use them.
它们如何影响我们的心理健康只是取决于我们如何使用.]YEc*|++mB+~

lardjklsl!NeBQuNn%4

2.The researchers considered other risk factors – things such as the age of the women, their economic status, race and ethnicity.

gN8uDn[7%xCI!KLfHs

economic status 经济地位

81=[(_rBcSuW9]~Rgl

These sections are more or less similar in their economic status.
这几部分人的经济地位是比较接近的_iY*0FiRp,4
The Chinese government has made fruitful efforts to upgrade and enhance the economic status of women.
中国政府为改善和提高妇女的经济地位作出了卓有成效的努力P*zAkt^uzm

参考译文

E_FxGAs*jgeC2

绿色植物影响女性寿命
居住在丛林间,你的生活会被鲜花点缀、美景环绕yiE]^!RJI9HJkq&_*d。如果你恰巧还是位女性,这样的环境还能助你长寿k|ZVs1uAJlG]&NO
研究人员发现,住所周围绿植环绕的女性与住所周边绿植较少的女性相比,其死亡率要低的多2v#8#-m*xkD|qFVU[Tm
哈佛大学陈曾熙公共卫生学院的研究人员公布了这一发现w01Lso4AwM^g|ddMQa
皮特·詹姆斯是学院的流行病学系的研究助理@Z%3@.mk-u9ZS。流行病学家专门研究疾病传播与控制Ee=_Q(PFB#)+!lgk%v
詹姆斯与同事查阅了护士健康研究的信息,这是一份最全面、年代最久的女性健康问题的调查Ilg[EUxNULB。护士健康研究于40年前开始,1989年时调查范围全面展开O%g[D^L(ki#vSinK(M。目前,护士健康研究调查已收录了近20万名女性的信息Wms1Bzh7ot%DehOQ)&@N

cHe^R~AJ@]7W

绿色植物影响女性寿命.jpg
为了进行研究,哈佛团队查看了2000-2008年10万多名女性的死亡率X@twB|h4W;U。随后,他们将这些女性的死亡率与其住所周围的绿化程度进行了对比1hiuygyZy-Uz^uvLk
为了确定树木和其它绿植数量,研究人员还调查了卫星图像9n7|nV9##N8tQllzBfb。甚至还考虑到其它的风险因素,如女性年龄、经济地位、民族与种族[*zEX_XzK%L_6HFBSn=,。此外,他们还调查了这些女性是否吸烟+o98^e;35lIhRFx2
研究发现,居住在绿化率最高地区的女性与绿化率最低地区的女性相比,其死亡率低百分之十二l7OHd.j-g_[m*c(m
皮特·詹姆斯表示,发现绿植水平和死亡率之间的密切联系时,他和团队都很惊讶wN_sf8*Hbysm4~5~F。他补充道,他们也没有想到植物可严重影响女性的心理健康&_X0dx*M|huZ
研究显示,如果女性生活在丛林间患抑郁的可能性较低Mw4h|)K4TW%p]b=QQ。生活在绿化率高的地区的女性会花时间与其他人接触,还会经常锻炼身体,接触污染空气的机会少B3i84JwWY~;8aOBbHM
绿植最大的好处之一就是可以降低患呼吸疾病和癌症的风险fb#Gb=47)slo]FI7B。有些数据已经证明这一点7C&GoLdQEW。研究发现,绿化率高地区的女性死于呼吸道疾病的风险比在绿化率低地区的女性低34%,其死于癌症的风险低13%C5WZo-*iTk5#GJf~
詹姆斯称,大家都知道植物对环境大有益处==Q0u|Ezp3[Xe%FK~*Ip。但他补充道,这项研究成果为城市规划师、造园技师和立法人员提供了很多建议,帮他们规划更为健康的社区GSeXK]!Y#eQ,*&@Yi%nV
我是安娜·马特奥]PmkZ#5s;g*y7&D_IkY

1z3gT09^l!xOrB2|

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

(TKrQIbT)aI0pq2K=VXWRsV3d_qrF;qFkrjB4+;S+4@skf)RAs
分享到
重点单词
  • pollutionn. 污染,污染物
  • mentaladj. 精神的,脑力的,精神错乱的 n. 精神病患者
  • landscapen. 风景,山水,风景画 v. 美化景观
  • exposedadj. 暴露的,无掩蔽的,暴露于风雨中的 v. 暴露,
  • enhancevt. 提高,加强,增加
  • environmentn. 环境,外界
  • upgradevt. 提高,加强,改善 adv. 向上地 n. 提高,
  • fruitfuladj. 多产的,富有成效的
  • affectvt. 影响,作用,感动
  • orchardn. 果园