VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):脑震荡可直接通过血液检测诊断?
日期:2016-05-10 11:37

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Blood Test Shows Concussion Injury
A new blood test can tell doctors whether a person has suffered a concussion up to a week after he or she was injured.
A study describing the test was published in the journal JAMA Neurology.
People who suffer a head injury should rest soon after they are hurt. Doctors say rest is important in helping the brain to heal after the injury.
Individuals who have suffered a concussion do not always show symptoms. Experts say those warning signs can be delayed, especially in children.
A concussion can lead to a feeling of dizziness, headaches and an inability to sleep. These problems can exist for a long time.
Some concussion patients have experienced loss of memory, trouble thinking and feelings of anxiety.
Doctors at Orlando Health System in Florida developed the new blood test. It shows if a biomarker is present in a person's blood.
The biomarker is called glial fibrillary acidic protein, or GFAP. The protein is only found in the brain and nervous system after a person suffers a concussion.
Researchers examined the blood of 600 patients. They found the biomarker in the blood of those who had suffered a head injury.
Concussion is a common injury in contact sports. A blood test soon after a head injury could show if an athlete has suffered a concussion. Without the test, sports team officials may not know whether the player has a concussion and could return him or her to the game.
I'm Christopher Jones-Cruise.

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词汇解析

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1.blood test 血液检测

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A blood test is required to get a marriage license.
领结婚证必须先进行血液检测+S4iRcUzh1iteO

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2.head injury 脑损伤

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The head injury deafened her for life.
她头部受伤以致终身耳聋tIpxG*Q.63t)@rv^

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3.up to 相当于;长达

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He is not up to his father as a scholar.
就学问而言他不及他父亲好&]X2Rbr_~*9a

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4.warning signs 警告标志;前兆

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These were warning signs of a storm.
这是暴风雨的前兆[oG,gE|xCHS^

内容解析

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1.A concussion can lead to a feeling of dizziness, headaches and an inability to sleep.

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lead to 导致;引起

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Lengthy separation of the boy from his mother could lead to psychological problems.
这男孩长期与母亲分开会导致心理上的问题o)CArA!kv[EElxI1

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That may lead to a serious split in our class.
那可能导致我们班的严重分裂A#E_gjB;&&jZWZ5-k,U

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2.Some concussion patients have experienced loss of memory, trouble thinking and feelings of anxiety.

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loss of memory 记忆丧失

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His loss of memory is a psychological problem.
他的记忆力丧失是一个心理上的问题1eYjxQ2pYye%)

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The loss of memory in amnesia can cause us to lose ourselves.
失忆症中的记忆丧失足以使我们失去自我5*n[Rq-,K1AoJ

参考译文

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脑震荡可直接通过血液检测诊断?
一项新型血液检测能够在患者受伤一周后检测出他(她)是否患上了脑震荡dp5m!WG4LveoNHfPwf
这一研究发表在美国医学会杂志神经学上ONYIKCF!R2l.sqTaUF
患者头部受伤后应该立刻休息-6%Y9aNn1RvETY。医生表示,休息有助于受伤头部的愈合-2l3FUyV@7a7(wza
脑震荡患者的症状有时不会表现出来IKVkx@UQbjXR)cCRgkW。专家称,尤其是儿童患者的症状会推迟-7A5p;2yrTL7w1|,)&8

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血液检测脑震荡.jpg
脑震荡会导致患者头晕、头痛以及无法入睡@UfHgb%XLv3,O。这些问题会长期困扰患者S2-h7R1zn|TF[
有些脑震荡患者会出现失忆、意识混乱或焦虑等症状=MZ7_=W_+sz
佛罗里达州奥兰多医学中心的医生发现了这种新型血液检测ZbFQQU4,o4_。它能检测出患者血液中是否存在某种生物标记FTSKK&D]dU6)XG=0kq..
这种生物标记被称为“神经胶质纤维酸性蛋白”7SFg)YRGscLiD。这种蛋白质只存在于脑震荡患者的脑部和神经系统中r2v!Bt).amOIyWXW4
研究人员检测了600名患者的血液A5gZXBaGPD!^bW0。在头部遭受过损伤患者的血液中发现了这种生物标记h*&Q72Rs6i|0xpnJ9l
脑震荡是一种常见的运动损伤5kC=.7PNj4(a。头部受伤的运动员可通过血液检测出是否患上脑震荡4!1xvbTGxW!I。如果没有这种测试,教练可能会在不知道运动员可能患脑震荡的情况下,重新派他上场参赛6fpP]-bLH3wHr8
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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