VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):21岁少女自焚 抗议澳难民政策
日期:2016-05-05 12:02

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听力文本

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Burnings Bring Attention to Asylum-Seekers in Australian Camps
A 21-year old Somali refugee is critically injured after setting herself on fire on Nauru, a tiny South Pacific republic.
Australia operates a detention camp on the island.
Some people are criticizing Australia for its refugee policy. However, Australia has said refugee supporters are putting pressure on migrants to harm themselves for the attention it will bring.
The 21-year old refugee Hodan Yasin has been taken to a hospital in the Australian city of Brisbane. She is in a critical condition after setting herself on fire Monday.
Refugee advocates say the injured woman was distressed after she was sent back to the South Pacific island. Before this incident, she had received medical treatment in Australia for injuries from a road accident.
Last week, a 23-year old Iranian asylum seeker died after he set himself on fire at the migrant center on Nauru.
It is one of two camps operated by Australia as part of a policy to stop asylum seekers from reaching its northern waters by boat. Even if detainees are found to be refugees, they are not permitted to resettle in Australia.
Australian Greens party Senator Sarah Hanson-Young says her country is not supporting people who need help.
"They have been found to be refugees, therefore they deserve to be looked after and given an opportunity to rebuild their lives. We should not be having languishing on Nauru even now, let alone for years and years to come. We should end this suffering and bring these people to Australia and allow them to get on with their lives."
Australian Immigration Minister Peter Dutton has accused refugee supporters of increasing tensions on Nauru. He says they have encouraged migrants to take extreme measures to try to force Australia to change its border protection policies.
Australia sends Asylum seekers trying to reach Australia by sea to either Manus Island in Papua New Guinea or to Nauru.
Officials in the capital Canberra say the policy has reduced the steady flow of migrants trying to reach Australia by boat.
Last week, the government of Papua New Guinea said it would close the Australian facility on Manus Island after the country's Supreme Court ruled it illegal.
Also, media reports say a boat carrying Sri Lankan asylum seekers has reportedly arrived on the Cocos Islands, an Australian territory in the Indian Ocean. If the arrival is confirmed, it would be the first refugee ship to have reached Australian waters in almost two years.
I'm Mario Ritter.

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词汇解析

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1.set on fire 焚烧;纵火

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The building was set on fire yesterday.
这座大楼昨天着火了rG62c6aR|(1^Z#~ru^L

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2.asylum seekers 难民

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Fewer than 7% of asylum seekers are accepted as political refugees.
寻求避难者中有不到7%的人被视作政治难民h5.PnCqGfqa

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3.refugee policy 难民政策

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The Commission had also been involved in a campaign to raise public awareness about immigration and refugee policy.
委员会还参加了提高公众对移民和难民政策的认识的运动H.tyek1t9&fXhp8Z

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4.detention camp 拘留营

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He spent six months in a detention camp on an island off the coast of Italy.
在意大利远离海岸的小岛上,他在拘留集中营里呆了六个月+5VvP9w-|..%#zSl)

内容解析

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1.He says they have encouraged migrants to take extreme measures to try to force Australia to change its border protection policies.

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take measures 采取措施

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We should take measures adapted to local conditions so as to improve our work.
我们应当采取因地制宜的措施,以便改进工作Wn-,]wBjSP*#Uv

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The government is urged to take measures to combat the spread of aids.
人们敦促政府采取措施以防止艾滋病的传播0~GmkpulMD

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2.She is in a critical condition after setting herself on fire Monday.

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in critical condition 情况危急

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The doctors managed to resuscitate her, but she remained in a critical condition.
医生们设法让她苏醒,但她始终处于危急状况k^k=dtA5WL

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He remains hospitalized, in critical condition, with severe pneumonia.
他患有严重肺炎现在医院就医,情况危机9d5hG5iB%nKas|@KpE7o

参考译文

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21岁少女自焚 抗议澳难民政策
21岁的索马里难民在南太平洋岛国瑙鲁的难民中心自焚抗议,该女子目前伤情严重j=V]eUWz+,cv
事发地点为澳大利亚在瑙鲁的难民中心UC^rqtm0tc6yWtw2M
有民众指责澳大利亚当局的难民政策,60srB+b%W4mr。但澳大利亚政府表示难民支持者们施加的舆论压力正在伤害着难民r6_+X~+kPX
21岁的侯丹被紧急送往澳大利亚布里斯班医院fX=bEx;p&mJx。周一她通过自焚抗议,目前生命垂危Y_=.l6+KtdG@X6*RQn^
据难民支持者描述,侯丹被遣返回瑙鲁后痛苦不堪0L.(;cTy4XbH.T4B。此前,她因一场严重车祸被送往澳大利亚本土就医p5@oD%UmT6P^~jU]Ln
上周,一名23岁的伊朗难民在瑙鲁难民中心自焚身亡)r;DVqD[UTSNx

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难民自焚.jpg
澳大利亚政府为禁止难民乘船从北部海域入境建立了两处离岸难民中心,其中一处位于瑙鲁GL#htg|4AV!SmuUlnw)。滞留在澳大利亚境内的难民一经发现也会被遣返ABd!oM2S&SPB26V
澳大利亚绿党参议员萨拉·汉森·杨表示,澳大利亚并未对需要救助的难民施以援手aQ4R%Xj.0m#
“既然是难民就应该被悉心照料并有机会重建新的生活a((h@L3NrQ。此刻就不该让他们在瑙鲁煎熬度日,更别提以后了+=WJ8dV.KEaz2。我们应该终结这场灾难,接纳他们,让他们开始全新的生活%0pu*ef]!-E6&Hqko;k。”
澳移民部长皮特·达顿指责难民支持者们加剧了瑙鲁的紧张局势J;QDc^nkJVTjtBU6oy。他们鼓动难民采取极端措施逼迫澳政府更改边境保护政策ICm-@3KFP8W1
澳大利亚将试图入境的难民遣返至巴布亚新几内亚或者瑙鲁#o3uzDSMM7hz4DXN
堪培拉的官员称,这一政策使欲乘船入境的难民数量大为减少#S|LoR&WUY=&o62^
上周,巴布亚新几内亚政府宣布将关闭马努斯岛的收容中心,因巴新最高法院判定,马努斯岛收容中心的拘扣举措系违宪、违法行为ke#yL0Uzj]^JM%Mj]
此外,据媒体报道一艘载有斯里兰卡难民的船只到达澳大利亚在印度洋上的海外领地科科斯群岛1FoGj8QKRT&3%~ob@mA%。若消息属实,这将成为两年来首批到达澳大利亚海域的船只pu==g-+~pC8
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • supremeadj. 最高的,至上的,极度的
  • opportunityn. 机会,时机
  • deservevi. 应该得到 vt. 应受,值得
  • commissionn. 委员会,委托,委任,佣金,犯罪 vt. 委任,委托
  • severeadj. 剧烈的,严重的,严峻的,严厉的,严格的
  • spreadv. 伸展,展开,传播,散布,铺开,涂撒 n. 伸展,传
  • resuscitatevt. 使复活,使苏醒 vi. 恢复,苏醒
  • settingn. 安装,放置,周围,环境,(为诗等谱写的)乐曲 动词
  • illegaladj. 不合法的,非法的 n. 非法移民
  • pacificn. 太平洋 adj. 太平洋的 pacific adj