VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国自杀率飙升破30年新高
日期:2016-05-03 11:40

(单词翻译:单击)

AlkIY+M_oLIfuRc!I!@v+x=MUxCIfj83S0)oC

听力文本

O2[6[%~O+1u7fXj

Suicide Rates Increase in US
A new study by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows suicide rates increased 24 percent between 1999 and 2014.
The study showed that the number of suicides increased sharply after 2006. Economic conditions in the U.S. began to worsen at that time. A recession began in 2008.
The suicide rate increased for men under the age of 75 by 43 percent between 1999 and 2014. For women under the age of 75, the greatest rate of increase was among those between 45 and 64. The suicide rate among those women was 80 percent higher in 2014 than in 1999.
Men are much more likely to kill themselves than women. However, the study showed the rate of women who took their own lives grew much faster than among men.
The study found men are more likely than women to use a gun. Fifty-five percent of men who killed themselves in 2014 used a gun. Among women, 31 percent used a gun. About 34 percent of women used poison.
Suffocation is more common now than it was in 1999, when 20 percent of those who killed themselves used the method. In 2014, the rate increased to 25 percent.
The suicide rate for non-Hispanic black men was lower in 2014 than in 1999. Black men are the only ethnic group of either gender whose suicide rates decreased.
Experts say most people who try to kill themselves are not successful. They say taking steps to try to convince someone not to kill themselves is important. Researchers say removing the methods people use to kill themselves, such as guns or poison, can help for a short period. This can give long-term treatment time to take effect.
The CDC said the suicide rate is increasing while the rate of all deaths is declining. It said suicide is one of the top ten causes of death in each age group from 10 to 64 years old.
I'm Christopher Jones-Cruise.

N^J-cP-=2e|u;#AV

词汇解析

U]R)J%OrNJ@ypEse7]x.

1.suicide rate 自杀率

C5Ka+hvbGU%

Can we be surprised at the suicide rate among students?
对学生的自杀率难道我们能无动于衷吗?

|8zbJ-YG6#|t

2.Economic conditions 经济状况;经济条件

T6CMuRC;j_J

Economic conditions are significant in many ways.
经济条件在许多方面都是很重要的=Qk9N7*dpmD

4es)aBa;(tEzAWhV=I;

3.much more 更加;更多

+y#Mk47dM4

We have to do much more.
我们要做的还有很多JsMSVooLCqJ

8aWOk6-z]vUWzAP&o,

4.increased to 增至;增长

w((eB(ysSnN

The population of the city has increased to 12 million.
该市人口已增长至1200万CSX-V1C_%.u=g&nZYINh

内容解析

U;WRk],8+U=~47QPf

1.They say taking steps to try to convince someone not to kill themselves is important.

J65ES5Jwa43bfC1*)

taking steps to 采取措施

ZNZG.w!g[xaSW)k(EI_

They are taking steps to amplify their supply source .
他们正采取措施充实货源+IglW*lc.Q

^hH[d3RQ|dQPZUTP

They are taking steps to keep down the rabbit population.
他们采取步骤控制兔子的繁殖增长Or4lb&sTUxcwkC

4;_@1zzGRFtA7N1SwW

2.Researchers say removing the methods people use to kill themselves, such as guns or poison, can help for a short period.

g#WqEt-u63yM)WK4C,BA

short period 短期的;短时间的

5XW@Yay01QCz&D

I stayed there for a very short period.
我在那里停留的时间不长iIJ)@z&wu50wbM

g]L(P,9s!EE8#,

The Qin dynasty existed for a very short period.
秦朝存在的时间很短rXQ&w;)A_pia2

参考译文

|V4epISnR_fhao3

美国自杀率飙升破30年新高
美国疾病控制和预防中心的一项新研究表明,1999年至2014年间,自杀率上升了24%c,Efh08PL~uXP8
研究显示,2006年后美国自杀人数猛增bq~bJz!bpxMd6)。当时,美国的经济状况开始恶化B!OKiO.V0AO。2008年美国出现经济危机ijr_q6fg5aRCOAF
1999年至2014年间,75岁以下男性自杀率上升了43%PP&+=rNG_+-。而75岁以下的女性相较而言,45岁至64岁年龄段的女性自杀率增速最快^*,ajnlBUNpDR5。此年龄段女性2014年的自杀率比1999年的自杀率高80%)izjks6b#1Wvqt_(8

KrmqdKCiSDJL!#d

美国自杀.png
自杀者男性居多ttUkTpr4w6S。但女性的自杀率升幅高于男性s*Lxk|5+)JRiDDP-#u9.
研究表明,用枪自杀的男性多于女性ZGOLeZ||d,Uz3(。2014年自杀的男性中有55%的人用枪终结了自己的生命~l|C|R3faYiDh(Kt。女性中则有31%选择用枪自杀x6fMnL4XH![a。34%的女性服毒自杀QqZ8FPM!bE
与1999年相比,如今窒息自杀比较普遍,约20%的自杀者选择这种方式i4zfEjji[;。2014年,选择此自杀方式的比例上升了25%X[u-2zLkRCD7_N
与1999年相比,2014年非西班牙裔黑人的自杀率有所下降MG5*^CtfWaiFTx。黑人是唯一一个两性自杀率都有所下降的种族群体|jw1po8v71SOPx^nx6^w
专家表示,多数人会自杀未遂*R!-#]~AY)(,0xzl*。专家认为采取措施说服有自杀倾向的人迫在眉睫g0)gP;_1)Po。研究人员称,使人们避免接触自杀工具,如枪支和毒药等,短期内会有成效E%mTzVUYQ~。此外,也能为长期治疗争取时间K)07.ZWo7=T0Vv5
疾病防治中心称,总死亡率虽有所下降,但自杀率却在飙升(xd67^6)JI3+。该中心表示,对于10岁到64岁年龄段的民众来说,自杀成为十大致死因素之一b&drUMR!r&y1.
我是克里斯托弗·琼斯·克鲁斯H3L6_UgtRoP=xfPUJRrV

5JQ5&+Gmtw8g!y

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

;n#+@pA1Z.bBAT[XW&Tj#5@Nb=U3U4L0SkeIV!YdayWCy7F-s&3CRHf&
分享到
重点单词
  • poisonn. 毒药,败坏道德之事,毒害 vt. 毒害,摧毁,中毒
  • supplyn. 补给,供给,供应,贮备 vt. 补给,供给,提供,
  • worsenv. (使)更坏,(使) 恶化
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支
  • convincevt. 使确信,使信服,说服
  • populationn. 人口 ,(全体)居民,人数
  • sourcen. 发源地,来源,原始资料
  • preventionn. 阻止,妨碍,预防
  • amplifyv. 扩大,详述,使 ... 增幅
  • decliningadj. 下降的,衰落的 动词decline的现在分词