VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):各国领导人在世界地球日签署气候协议
日期:2016-04-22 11:43

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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World Leaders to Sign Climate Agreement on Earth Day
Leaders from 130 nations are gathering at the United Nations to sign the historic climate deal reached in Paris last December.
The signing happens on the 46th anniversary of Earth Day. Since 1970, every year people around the world observe the day by doing different activities to clean up the environment.
On April 22, 1970, U.S. Senator Gaylord Nelson organized the first Earth Day with a "national teach-in on the environment."
Earth Day Network says 20 million Americans gathered in the streets, parks and meeting halls "to demonstrate for a healthy, sustainable environment" in large rallies across the country.
This year, more than a billion people will celebrate the day by working for a clean environment.
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon has urged countries to take action to fix climate change.
"That is the only way which we can save this one, only, planet Earth."
Island nations are very vulnerable to the stronger storms and rising sea levels brought on by climate change. One example is the Pacific island of Fiji. Super Cyclone Winston crashed into the island nation last February, killing 44 people and causing $1 billion in damage.
Fiji's Prime Minister Josaia Bainimarama talked about their fear about the future:
"The frequency and intensity of extreme weather events such as Winston's is increasing. And we all have to be fearful about what this means — not only for ourselves, but for future generations."

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It was last December, in Paris, France that world leaders worked out the details for the historic agreement. It limits the rise in global temperatures to well below two degrees Celsius.
It provides a way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions — those include pollution from factories and the burning of fossil fuels like coal. The agreement calls for a way to stop the effects of warming the planet. That includes moving towards using renewable energies, like wind and solar— or power from the sun.
Putting the plan into action will take several steps.
First, the 130 leaders gathering in New York Friday will sign the agreement. Then their governments must ratify — or formally approve it — to put it into action.
Selwin Hart is director of the U.N. Climate Change Support Team.
He says the Paris Agreement must cross two important lines to become enforceable.
First, at least 55 parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change must ratify the agreement. And those 55 countries must represent 55 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions.
China and the U.S. are the biggest contributors to the world's global greenhouse gases. Together, the countries are responsible for about 40 percent of the world's emissions.
Both the U.S. and China support the agreement. They are pushing for its early adoption by all the nations.
The target date to start the agreement is 2020. That could change. If all the countries ratify it quickly, it could happen this year, or in early 2017.
I'm Anne Ball.

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词汇解析

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1. clean up 打扫;清扫;把…弄干净;清理;
You should always clean up the room.
你应该经常清理房间gnCp&0wP)p(cyYo-ZLFf

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2. sustainable (自然资源)可持续的,不破坏环境的;
Try to buy wood that you know has come from a sustainable source.
尽量购买来自可持续发展林的木材z+Hi&HqB@l

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3. ratify 正式签署;批准;认可;
The parliaments of Australia and Indonesia have yet to ratify the treaty.
澳大利亚和印度尼西亚的国会尚未批准该条约I*.0DK5@s+Gd.h31WD

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4. be responsible for 负有责任的;应承担责任的;
Ludlam was responsible for making Ridiculous Theatre something of a cult.
荒诞派戏剧的风靡要归功于勒德拉姆TiJ+P3]w4+L5Rm

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内容解析

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1. Island nations are very vulnerable to the stronger storms and rising sea levels brought on by climate change.
be vulnerable to 易受伤害的;易受影响的;
Young birds are very vulnerable to predators.
幼小的鸟易受食肉动物伤害dO2wNk5olT]l
Tourists can be vulnerable to scams and con schemes of all kinds.
游客们会很容易陷入各种形形色色的骗局hk@^vxZrGjA*_v

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bring on 引起,导致(疾病、痛苦或某种感觉);
Severe shock can bring on an attack of acne.
严重的惊吓会造成痤疮突发U8@C9!(FML
Bob died of a heart attack, brought on by his lifestyle.
鲍勃死于由他的生活方式引起的心脏病突发3Sf)_Fpq%7N[zgyB

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2. It was last December, in Paris, France that world leaders worked out the details for the historic agreement.
work out 想出,得到(解决方法);解(谜);
Negotiators are due to meet later today to work out a compromise.
谈判人员定于今天晚些时候进行会谈,商定一个折中方案bp_qn4Qdonb%ENReW,
I think we should work out a strategy to deal with this situation.
我想我们应该制订出一项行动计划,用来对付这种情况gFr6w[BM4y%G&

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3. Putting the plan into action will take several steps.
put sth. into action 把…付诸实践;
They have learned the lessons of business management theory, and put them into action.
他们不仅学习了商业管理理论方面的课程,并且学以致用Aiv(TIyUQOmUD0u%amkr
They hoped to put the plan into action.
他们希望把计划付诸实施!_u&a4&As+BkVvtA

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参考译文

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各国领导人在世界地球日签署气候协议
130个国家的元首聚集在联合国,签署去年12月达成的历史性气候协议)MbW[AL4~YBBd]
签署仪式在第46届世界地球日这天进行_m5wY|ev7;8BvAN9bU。自1970年以来,世界各地的人们每年都会开展各种各样净化环境的活动来纪念世界地球日%ET;NM3YOk0=O5+[Mp
1970年4月22日,美国参议员盖洛德·尼尔森组织了首个地球日活动,进行“全国环境宣讲”运动8-,z@N|ZrR3Mk
地球日网络表示,全美有2000多万人聚集在街头、公园和会议厅参加首个地球日活动,人们通过大型集会等方式,要求营造健康、可持续的环境VTrH0uv1Qlhv;^e
今年将有超过10亿人通过创造清洁环境来纪念世界地球日zU9XBo*,@Ehzw%V)W
联合国秘书长潘基文敦促各国采取行动解决气候变化问题JMaJX^r&nEMDVLoRUP95
“这是我们保护唯一的地球的唯一方法S)]@.X92lM。”
岛国易遭到气候变化造成的强风暴和海平面上升的影响Hrn&e4S7SS,+Me#)h。太平洋岛国斐济就是例证RZvH(jHhS!K]328Jv3K。去年2月,超级气旋“温斯顿”侵袭斐济,造成44人死亡,损失达10亿美元Nn@+tWy1B,_@.|
斐济总理乔萨亚·姆拜尼马拉马表达了斐济对未来的担心g9%@k2R9Wv6+syC
“像‘温斯顿’这样的极端天气事件发生的频率和强度日益增加A%Y=H0|cAAU。我们对这种趋势感到担心,不仅仅是为我们自己感到担心,也为后代子孙感到担心hf@vaI-*G~8#DS5T9F2I。”
去年12月,全球领导人聚集在法国巴黎,制定出这份历史性气候协议的具体内容L#v7#lcNPWEbz(n。这份协议将全球气温升高控制在2摄氏度之内^|[Z.1jWJj[B-8^
同时,这份协议还提出了减少温室气体排放的方法,温室气体包括工厂污染和煤炭等化石燃料燃烧造成的污染[&ix9%fyE%z*7s1p。该协议呼吁采取方法阻止地球变暖带来的影响n,_2@uWu);ta。解决方法包括使用风能和太阳能等可再生能源AXrjGR[lCLf~U-S=
把计划付诸行动需要几个步骤qXqbmjxOM8nn3V4kC
首先,聚集在纽约的130个国家的领导人将于周五签署气候协议Cgib(KKHv6j*。之后这130个国家的政府必须正式批准协议的实施[8)Hkylt~fu@7=wtHnw
塞尔文·哈特是联合国气候变化支持团队的主任b^4sDQ.Il_C+M||wac^Q
他表示,巴黎气候协议在执行前必须满足两个重要条件eDZF+a0|xGk6y-1O&V9)
其一,至少55个《联合国气候变化框架公约》缔约方核准该协议Grf1[xDO&^+.wK。其二,这55个缔约方的温室气体排放量占全球总排放量至少约55%,|tO%^^TnlR@.x;Aq
中国和美国是全球两个最大的温室气体排放国;Bdha+fr|K&。两国的排放量占全球总排放量的约40%SzF9S,pemG-TPfWL9
中国和美国均表示支持该协议ZMdM7ea;JJTrVV。两国将分别在国内采取措施,以便尽早加入该协议,同时呼吁其他国家也签字加入~8=c|Bdd6g;%Cuo
气候协议预计从2020年开始生效.+u%eiS26T*05um。这一时间可能会改变zR2D*N;cXe8OQbp7。如果所有国家尽快完成核准,协议可能从今年或2017年初开始生效t8pi&gzI#Z=;x1y9
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • conventionn. 大会,协定,惯例,公约
  • pacificn. 太平洋 adj. 太平洋的 pacific adj
  • observev. 观察,遵守,注意到 v. 评论,庆祝
  • fearfuladj. 担心的,可怕的
  • ridiculousadj. 荒谬的,可笑的
  • greenhousen. 温室,暖房
  • demonstratevt. 示范,演示,证明 vi. 示威
  • frequencyn. 频繁,频率
  • planetn. 行星
  • approvev. 批准,赞成,同意,称许