Survivors Sought After Ecuador, Japan Quakes
Efforts to rescue victims continue after strong earthquakes in Ecuador and Japan killed
hundreds and injured thousands.
In Ecuador, officials say at least 350 people died and more than 2,500 were injured in an
earthquake that struck the coastal area late Saturday.
Officials say the number of dead will increase as aid workers reach isolated areas.
Rescuers are digging with their hands and tools to find survivors under collapsed
buildings. Soldiers have been deployed to areas hit by the earthquakes.
President Rafael Correa visited the coastal city of Manta, where the earthquake caused
much damage. He said the earthquake was the worst natural disaster in his country since
1949, when thousands of people died in an earthquake.
Officials say the quake was felt throughout the country. It stopped electricity and mobile
phone service throughout the capital, Quito.
In Japan, the U.S. military is helping Japan recover from three powerful earthquakes
there. At least 41 people were killed in southern Japan on the large island of Kyushu.
Officials said as many as 100 people were trapped under collapsed buildings in Kumamoto
In addition to the dead and the missing, almost 2,000 people have been hurt since the
first earthquake struck Thursday. Buildings collapsed. Fires and landslides occurred. Two
stronger quakes struck on Friday and Saturday.
On Sunday, the Japanese government sent 25,000 Self Defense Force troops to help people on
Officials say many people are trapped or buried under collapsed buildings or homes. About
200,000 people are in evacuation centers at schools and government buildings.
Officials will not have complete damage reports until all communities are reached.
Dangerous aftershocks often happen after large earthquakes. Experts say they will be felt
in southern Japan for more than a week. There have been more than 450 aftershocks since
"There is no connection between the earthquakes" in Japan and Ecuador, says Gavin Hayes,
PhD, a research geophysicist with the U.S. Geological Survey in Golden, Colorado.
"Earthquakes are random," he says, and sometimes they happen around the same time. These
recent ones are not connected, he says.
What Japan and Ecuador do have in common is that they are both part of what is called the
"ring of fire." That is the area around the edges of the Pacific Ocean, like coastal Asia
and coastal North and South America. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, 90 percent
of the world's earthquakes happen there.
Earthquakes happen when the "plates" - or the crust and upper layer of the earth -- move
against each other. When they shift, it causes the earth to shake and shudder, moving
energy along the lines of the plates. These lines are called faults.
Hayes says earthquakes are not increasing or getting worse than in the past. What is
different is word spreads more quickly now.
"We are in a situation now that everyone is in tune with the Internet and media... and
we're hearing more about (earthquakes) than in the past."
With Twitter and other social media, Hayes says, people can post pictures and information
immediately after an earthquake.
I'm Anne Ball.
1.at least 至少
She's completely homeless at least I have my parents to fall back on.
2.thousands of 许多，无数；数以千计的，成千上万的
Thousands of people know her and trust her.
3.as many as 多达；和…一样多
You no longer see as many as you did at meetings or gatherings.
4.in common 共同的；共有的
We have nothing in common.
1.In Ecuador, officials say at least 350 people died and more than 2,500 were injured in an earthquake that struck the coastal area late Saturday.
more than 多于；超出；比……多
More than two students have been concerned in this affair.
However, they often talk more than they do.
2.According to the U.S. Geological Survey, 90 percent of the world's earthquakes happen there.
according to 根据，按照；取决于；据…所说
They do everything according to Hoyle.
According to the Christian religion,Jesus Christ resurrected from death.