VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):想减肥?就多听听自己咀嚼的声音!
日期:2016-04-08 11:08

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Want to Lose Weight? Listen to Yourself Eat
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health and Lifestyle report.
Restaurant chefs, home cooks, and foodies -- people who love good food -- often say that we eat with all of our senses.
First, we use our sense of sight to appreciate how a meal is presented, either on a dinner plate or a dining table. Our sense of touch can also be important when preparing or sharing food.
Next, with our sense of smell, we breathe in the mouth-watering aromas rising up from the meal. Finally, we enjoy and perhaps even savor the food with our sense of taste.
But what about our sense of hearing? Does sound also affect our dining experience?
A new report answers, ‘yes,' it does.
That answer comes from researchers at Brigham Young University and Colorado State University in the United States. They found that hearing is important in the eating experience.
Hearing is often called "the forgotten food sense," says Ryan Elder.
Elder is an assistant professor of marketing at Brigham Young University's Marriott School of Management. He says that if people notice the sound the food makes as they eat it, they might eat less.
On the other hand, watching loud television or listening to loud music while eating can hide such noises. And this could lead to overeating.
For the study, the researchers wanted to test whether the sounds of eating – chewing, chomping and crunching – had any effect on how much a person ate.
During the experiments, the test subjects wore headphones and listened to noise at either a high or low audio level. Then researchers gave them a crunchy snack: pretzels. The study found that subjects who listened to the higher volume noise ate more pretzels than those with the low audio levels.
Elder says that when hiding the sounds of eating, like when you watch television or listen to loud music while eating, we take away the sense of hearing. And this may cause you to eat more than you would normally.
The researchers are calling this, the "crunch effect."
The researchers admit that the effects may not seem like much at one meal. But over a week, a month, or a year, all that food can really add up.
But besides not overeating, there is another upside.
Hearing the noises of your meal as you eat, could help you to be more mindful of the experience and perhaps help you to enjoy it more.
The researchers reported their findings in the journal Food Quality and Preference.
I'm Anna Matteo.

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词汇解析

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1.good food 美食

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Almost everybody appreciates good food.

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几乎每个人都欣赏美味佳肴RjDLNTmP[w3g2

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2.sense of sight 视觉

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When you steal away her sense of sight, her other senses become heightened.

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当你偷走她的视觉,她的其他感官便会增强eY6F(Wn+9rOm

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3.mouth-watering 诱人的;令人垂涎的

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Maybe, there's mouth-watering magic in Asian flavours.

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或许亚洲的美味佳肴的确有令人垂涎三尺的魅力吧+sRkx1^#w3

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4.assistant professor 助理教授

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Miss Liu was a assistant professor, so marrying an associate professor should be quite enough.

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刘小姐是个助教,嫁个副教授已经够好了-cmaK[&q-[hRO

内容解析

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1.Next, with our sense of smell, we breathe in the mouth-watering aromas rising up from the meal.

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rise up 上升;升起

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I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up.

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我梦想这个国家有一天会站起来的zqJc50OTT,b+[n8Ao[

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They finally rise up and burst their fetters.

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他们最后挺身而起,挣开枷锁_O5y@lS*7SDLA

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2.On the other hand, watching loud television or listening to loud music while eating can hide such noises. And this could lead to overeating.

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lead to 引起;导致

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Blindly copying others might very well lead to losses.

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盲目搬用别人的经验很容易造成损失7ade6pnuujy[0cK6W

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Her poor French often lead to misunderstandings when she visits France.

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她的法语很差劲,因而她访问法国时常引起误会xRe[uiU!3MYY8D2HH

参考译文

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咀嚼之声有奇效:聆听咀嚼声有助于减肥
这里是VOA慢速英语健康生活频道+c7UrtZZpgzPdgzo2P
热衷于美食的餐厅厨师、家庭料理师及美食家们常常会说,我们用所有的感官来品尝食物q_BVpWFX;2uR_=FfIvg
首先,通过视觉我们可以欣赏餐盘或餐桌上的美食uA^C+Q-3NO。然后,通过触觉我们可以准备烹饪或分享美食j!&JtnhTc+1ckR;cD
接着,通过嗅觉我们可以闻到食物诱人的香味4wP%L4[LK^I#MTp。最后,通过味觉我们可以尽情享用美食5SIfLD.!+qnrspR
那么听觉的作用是什么呢?声音对于我们的就餐有什么影响吗?
最新一则报道给出了肯定的答复[CmnqmT&w!Ol3tP1aj

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倾听咀嚼声.jpg
美国杨百翰大学和科罗拉多州立大学的研究人员对此做出回应!UIPOXe4w|。他们发现听觉在就餐过程中起着很大的作用bnI&[d&sQPOJbGN9
赖安·埃尔德认为,听觉又被称为“被遗忘的食感”IVS31=)ifz,6Ci[
埃尔德是杨百翰大学麦里特商学院市场学助理教授HQ&X;!DpH~*o
他认为,如果人们更注意聆听进食的声音,那么进食量便会减少DLe,yk%,p_Y+7
另一方面,人们在进食时若观看音量较高的电视节目或听喧闹的音乐,这些设备的噪音会掩盖咀嚼声eo7Y&W&Xpvtq3!ulKtv。这样会导致过度饮食B^;d8,iE]*X)D^2_(V*Q
研究人员想要测验进食、咀嚼和嘎吱响的摩擦等声音是否会影响人的食欲jo_+k3nU@IS5k6
研究人员要求实验对象头戴音量大小不一的耳机#wV[fUE|ua3O*;w。之后研究人员分给他们一包松脆可口的零食:脆饼干iI[U]FsqVVYWB8Ar。结果发现,听高音量的实验对象比听低音量的实验对象进食多%nW=&D;GzTG
埃尔德称,吃东西时看电视或者听很嘈杂的音乐会把你进食的声音屏蔽掉,其实就是掩盖了你的听觉VkT.z_HPY.V。如此摄食量会超过其正常食量znw_(_FU=25go)V)b2O=
研究人员将这种现象称为“咀嚼声奇效”gPxiVUL#OP+A1BATk
研究人员指出这种效果的影响也许不明显dVFu*@*#T#RuaD7lxv0。但日积月累,其产生的减肥效果将非常显著.h-jMum5[tpbT9[HEOQ
倾听咀嚼声除了能避免过度饮食外,还有另外一个好处A0XPxaXmgGI1_cUJ7,1
倾听进食的声音能帮你更加关注就餐的经历,也会让你格外享受这次美食体验^t;|Js#%J@Es|=]Qm
研究人员将这一研究刊登在《食品质量与选择》期刊上5ily+YazSF&iNz
我是安娜·马特奥@0(z%z_k,VTpqt61

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • associaten. 同伴,伙伴,合伙人 n. 准学士学位获得者 vt.
  • preferencen. 偏爱,优先,喜爱物
  • savorn. 味道,气味,滋味 vi. 有 ... 的味道或风味
  • appreciatevt. 欣赏,感激,赏识 vt. 领会,充分意识 vi.
  • burstn. 破裂,阵,爆发 v. 爆裂,迸发
  • affectvt. 影响,作用,感动
  • qualityn. 品质,特质,才能 adj. 高品质的