VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):外泄文件曝富人如何隐藏财富
日期:2016-04-06 19:15

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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More than 11 million leaked financial documents show world leaders have used their power to hide money and avoid taxes.
It is being called "the biggest global corruption scandal in history."
The leaders, including Russian President Vladimir Putin as well as his friends, moved $2 billion through secret accounts.
The documents were leaked to journalists. A group of journalists, called a consortium, reviewed the documents. The group is called the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists.
The documents show the secret financial dealings of the wealthy and powerful.
People often open up offshore accounts to avoid taxes and giving information to the public about their financial holdings, the consortium said. Some of the accounts were used by wealthy men to hide money in divorce cases.
Among the world leaders linked to offshore accounts are Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, Icelandic Prime Minister Sigmundur Davíe Gunnlaugsson, Argentinian President Mauricio Macri and Saudi King Salman.
News reports in Pakistan said the leaked documents show three children of Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif had money in an offshore account.
Most of the world leaders named in the reports denied wrongdoing. But there were immediate calls for investigations.
In Iceland, some members of Parliament Monday demanded a vote of no confidence for the prime minister. The Associated Press said the account was opened for Gunnlaugsson in 2013 when Iceland was going through a major financial crisis.
Here is how the information came out:
Tax records for more than 200,000 companies and 14,000 clients from a law firm in Panama were obtained by an unnamed person. That person offered the documents to a German newspaper. The person did not ask for money, but asked for unspecified security procedures.
The documents were reportedly hacked from the Panamanian law firm, Mossack Fonseca.
The firm specializes in creating offshore accounts. It denied wrongdoing.
The impact of the disclosures has been dramatic.
A Washington Post column Monday called it "the biggest global corruption scandal in history."
Russian television Monday did not cover the news about offshore accounts of people linked to Putin. One of Putin's friends identified from the leaked documents is Sergei Rodulgin. He is a well-known cellist.
Putin's spokesman is Dmitry Peskov. He said the "lack of details" made it impossible to respond. Last week, he predicted an "information attack" on Putin. He said the leaks are timed for September's Russian Parliament elections.
The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists reported on the divorce proceedings of Dmitry Rybolovlev and his wife, Elena. Elena Rybolovlev said her husband, a Russian mining executive, had hidden money.
The consortium said the leaked documents show Rybolovlev had purchased a New York City penthouse for $88 million and art work for $630 million. The artwork was obtained with the help of Mossack Fonseca, the consortium said.
Among those found to have offshore accounts were former top government leaders of Georgia, Iraq, Jordan, Qatar, Sudan, Abu Dhabi, and Ukraine.
In India, the Associated Press said 500 people were connected to offshore accounts. They include Indian superstars Aishwarya Rai Bachchan and Amitabh Bachchan.
India's Finance Minister said those who did not declare illegal overseas assets by last year's deadline would face "extremely costly" penalties.
In France, President Francois Hollande said the leaked documents are "good news" because it will help the government recover money hidden in offshore accounts.
In Norway, the DNB Bank apologized for helping about 40 customers open offshore companies. "That it was legal to set up this type of companies doesn't mean that it was correct for us to do it for these customers," the bank said.
The Czech Center for Investigative Journalism said it found 283 Czech citizens with off-shore companies. That includes Petr Kellner, the wealthiest businessman in the Czech Republic.
And in Australia, officials said they are investigating more than 800 wealthy residents for possible tax evasion related to off-shore accounts.
I'm Caty Weaver.

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词汇解析

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1.link to 链接到;把…和…连接;把…和…联系起来

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The road links this small village to the town.
公路将这个村子和城镇连接起来mI!Y4prt#*gxqJM

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2.come out 出现;出版;结果是

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The stars came out as soon as it was dark.
天一黑星星就出来了_HZbU@(9-Cghz#X6

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3.ask for 请求,要求;寻找

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He asked me politely for the book.
他彬彬有礼地向我要那本书t4Asz).m_+Z7Xv

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4.with the help of 在…的帮助下

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With the help of these questions, you can make plans to improve your skills.
在这些问题的帮助下,你就能制定计划提高面试水平,5@(]tQkaFGcm8)25fw

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内容解析

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1.The Associated Press said the account was opened for Gunnlaugsson in 2013 when Iceland was going through a major financial crisis.

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go through 穿过;经历

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He has gone through such a lot since his wife died.

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妻子死后他经受了不少苦难,ynJs,,=&j]H)FZV
They went through many hardships during the war.

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他们在战争年代里历尽千辛万苦%[UC5oTIQTV

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2.In Norway, the DNB Bank apologized for helping about 40 customers open offshore companies.

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apologize for 道歉

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I apologize for my laziness.
我为我的懒惰道歉Ojt)UNg#7MGiI
Don't apologize for your shortcomings.
不要为你的不足道歉_bH;)_%%;JR

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参考译文

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超过11,000,000份泄露的财政文件显示世界领导人利用手中的权利隐藏资金并且逃税|-O)i7q*5cek
这被称为“史上最严重的世界腐败丑闻2k_p1KD1,@V-+L7yO*[。”
包括俄罗斯总统弗拉基米尔·普京和他的朋友在内的领导人通过秘密账户提走2,000,000,000美元mYIG[.yt5s7q6J,
这些文件被泄露给了记者9@#Ni;7R1*WeGh。一群自称“联盟”的记者审阅了这些文件;Lkjl]q6h1gq4R7ZkN。这一组织被称作国际调查记者同盟mnx^ebd)ea^u
文件揭露了权贵的秘密金融交易D1+(+|6!(MnQr

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联盟组织称,人们经常开设海外账户来逃税并且隐瞒他们所拥有的财富;8BXwKzS9-Z。其中一些账户被富人在离婚案中用来隐藏金钱Cp|Y;&p)6Z~J2D@
在各国领导人中乌克兰总统波罗申科,冰岛总理西格蒙杜尔·戴维·贡劳格松,阿根廷总统毛里西奥·马克里和沙特国王萨尔曼都涉嫌开辟海外账户R8lPuZ1[wTd^Nib
据巴基斯坦新闻报道,泄露的文件显示巴基斯坦总理纳瓦兹·谢里夫的三个孩子都在海外账户中存有钱款=vb9TG5QFQ%&;1
报道中提到的大多数世界领导人否认不当行为T_bVXEx0O^7ytd&ipe。还有人立即要求彻查此事+AgEN=PU[N
在冰岛,周一国会的一些成员要求对总理的不信任投票6|acSl#JRqP#N]xOzi。美联社称贡劳格松是在2013年冰岛正在遭受重大经济危机的时候开设了海外账户Jzp=o%8KqALqonO46-
信息是这样暴露出来的:
一位不愿透露姓名的人获取了巴拿马法律事务所对于超过200,000个公司和14000个客户的税务记录*%;w!1F8Z(OQT.。他把文件提供给了一家德国报社bwXw;A3*n8Aiw@&PjHIX。该人士没有索要钱财,但是要求一定的安全保护程序8PAm&^(i(|H;pm
据报道文件侵犯了巴拿马的莫萨克·冯赛卡法律事务所=TVmbVbpj)e
这家法律事务是专门开设离岸账户的,但是他们否认开设离岸账户这个行为是不当的&b6j@YwEE~AK3AyBg^%
信息披露所带来的影响是惊人的2G^F9Ku_o;r7+TZW8
华盛顿邮报周一的专栏称这次事件是“史上最严重的世界腐败丑闻LaKmW5yU_y。”
周一,俄国电视台没有报道普京开设海外账户的新闻WdZCtzU[!0m8[9j3X=km。但从这份泄露的文件中确定了普京的朋友谢尔盖·邦达尔丘克|h0%QH,;CHfAk+)。他是一位有名的大提琴演奏家8z.7yKsN@PFN8(I!*4
普京的发言人是德米特里是佩斯科夫xl8P*UoO0,R6G)W。他说由于“缺乏细节”不可能做出回应(q(9mj=zhNDuP0p2%。上周,他预言普京会受到“信息攻击”@H5RRWFrpdyx-0e-a。他说泄露发生在九月份的俄罗斯议会选举期间d&sVd,-H3a0Ex|IcA
国际调查记者同盟报道了德米特里·雷波诺列夫和他的妻子埃伦娜离婚的过程_!3oeLH^[3。埃琳娜称她的老公是俄罗斯矿业高管,藏了一笔钱ulXYCq.WV=58^=Vhlf
联盟组织表示,泄露的文件显示雷波诺列夫购买了纽约市价值88,000,000美元的阁楼和630,000,000美元的艺术作品4,#&Z)z.4&!9@46NN&ZYren7PYe-~B#
在这份开设海外账户的名单中还有格鲁吉亚,伊拉克,约旦,卡塔尔,苏丹,阿布扎比,和乌克兰的前高级政府领导人hB~yafvoPi
在印度,美联社称,有500人开设海外账户Vtd)Fehf^yc&yH@g+R。这包括印度巨星艾西瓦娅雷巴克强和阿穆布巴克强d!|ydxbA.%
印度财政部长表示,去年在最后期限内没有申报非法海外资产的人们将面临“非常昂贵”的处罚ka%oiOuXhreKrLU3&)ed
在法国,总统弗朗索瓦·奥朗德称,泄露的文件是“好消息”,因为这将有助于政府收回藏在海外账户的钱]X.SA@28si7mjK
在挪威,DNB银行为帮助约40位客户开设海外公司道歉Z.mk;;Tx7UPe,4uJ9(K。 “设立此类公司是合法的并不意味着我们为这些客户这样做是正确的,”该行表示G!i+=ms^b^|tc2zr
捷克新闻调查中心称,发现有283捷克公民有海外公司U&NSPaI#u%。这包括捷克共和国最富有的商人彼得·凯尔纳Ch7OZb92Y*e
在澳大利亚,官员说,他们正在调查可能利用海外账户逃税的800多富裕居民6yP5X.j6x%)*lak
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • apologizevi. 道歉,谢罪
  • relatedadj. 相关的,有亲属关系的
  • globaladj. 全球性的,全世界的,球状的,全局的
  • corruptionn. 腐败,堕落,贪污
  • dramaticadj. 戏剧性的,引人注目的,给人深刻印象的 dram
  • declarev. 宣布,声明,申报
  • scandaln. 丑闻,中伤,反感,耻辱
  • weavern. 织布者,织工
  • evasionn. 逃避,藉口,偷漏(税)
  • costlyadj. 昂贵的,代价高的