VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):老挝现神秘人骨 专家解密"石缸阵"
日期:2016-04-01 12:18

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Scientists Closer to Solving Plain of Jars Mystery
A new group of human remains has been uncovered on the Plain of Jars in Laos. They are believed to date back to the Iron Age, some 2,500 years ago.
The Plain of Jars is in the central Lao province of Xieng Khouang. The area covers hundreds of kilometers in which can be found thousands of ancient stone jars. They are grouped together at about 100 sites.
The Plain of Jars has been a puzzle to archaeologists—scientists who study prehistoric people and their culture.
A joint research team from Australia and Laos found the remains.
Dougald O'Reilly teaches archaeology at Australian National University. He led the field work in Laos.
"This is one of the great enigmas of the Jars' sites," he said. "These massive stone jars – some of them weighing up to 10 metric tons, that have been dragged eight to 10 kilometers from a quarry site and set up in groups."
Little is known about the people who made the jars. What did the jars hold? How and why did people place them where they did?
O'Reilly said a central question that needs to be answered is who created the stone jars. There are no known sites offering answers to the ethnicity and identity of the people who made them.
The latest field work uncovered an ancient burial ground in an area known as Site 1, in Xieng Khouang Province. It has more than 300 stone jars, stone discs and markers.
The scientists uncovered different burial methods. They include burial of whole bodies, the burying of bones grouped together, and bones placed inside ceramic vessels and then buried.
Louise Shewan of Monash University in Australia led one of the teams involved in the field work. Archaeologist Thonglith Luangkhoth, of the Lao Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism, also led a research team.
Thonglith told Lao media the newly uncovered remains were found about eight kilometers from the center of Phonsavanh district.
"This discovery marks a significant milestone since archaeological excavations began in the area in the 1930s in collaboration with a French archaeologist," he said.
Dougald O'Reilly said the researchers hope to get really good information from the find.
"With our research, because we've been able to uncover a fair amount of human bone – we've got seven burials and four probable burials with ceramic jars – so a total of 11 mortuary contexts."
He said they are excited to have the opportunity to work at one of South East Asia's more important—and probably least understood archaeological sites.
Scientists will do isotopic and chemical tests on the remains. They may provide information on the ethnicity of the people connected to the sites.
O'Reilly said it is possible that the Lao sites may be linked to similar jar sites in India.
The Australian Research Council is paying for the project. It will continue over five years with field work in Laos and some in northeastern India as well.
The effort may soon provide answers to one of Southeast Asia's greatest cultural mysteries.
I'm Anne Ball.

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词汇解析

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1.close to 接近;靠近

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All feel close to the top because they are close to the top.

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由于他们能靠近上级,所以都感到和上级接近ka%(XI9d2fGp4RP5Y

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2.a group of 一组的;一对的

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A group of children are playing games on the playground.

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一群孩子正在操场上做游戏2R_+hWL8jg

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3.date back to 追溯到

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The earliest Chinese coin can date back to thousands years ago.

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中国最早的货币可以追溯到几千年前5BAfz,SDH8k*r

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4.field work 实地考察;农活

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During busy seasons they help with field work.

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农忙季节他们帮助干农活7FcO5YLdwi

内容解析

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1.Louise Shewan of Monash University in Australia led one of the teams involved in the field work.

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involved in 卷入

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He is involved in gambling and prostitution rackets.

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他涉入赌博和卖淫的非法生意-LjuNR(Yl^B

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He never gets involved in unprincipled disputes.

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他从不介入无原则的争端i%F!3j(Aff&B;A|kLF)

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2.The Australian Research Council is paying for the project.

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paying for 为...买单;付出...代价

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He is paying for his new car in twelve monthly instalments.

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他买这辆汽车十二个月内分期付完款tRh%aN-,qO

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We're paying for the 'telly' by monthly instalments.

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我们按月分期付款购买电视机3a!T-loW@CPm7G87m~!X

参考译文

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老挝现神秘人骨 专家解密“石缸阵”
老挝石缸平原新出土了一组人类遗骸.Xy_Q]lY5@f%。这些遗骸可能来自于2500年前的铁器时代Q]Iy#M446a
石缸平原位于老挝中部的川圹省p.nr,QXnNXqHV.。平原绵延数百公里,那里遍布着数以千计的古石缸*fy3Mkh83ykgo[#US。石缸遗址加起来约100处sqDlg#GjY_,V4_5W!
一直以来,石缸平原成为考古学家心中的难解之谜,这些考古学家是研究史前人类及史前文化的专业人士dK]i~Bp%5!
澳大利亚和老挝组成的联合考古队发掘出了这些残骸qbvDzfCi-ki.T|@&-2
杜格尔德·欧莱利是澳大利亚国立大学的考古教授jaTZ#p11%giiUw+h)xsf。他主导了这次老挝的考古工作dWg+VL]^Nou

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老挝石缸之谜.png
他说,“这次发现的遗址解开了石缸平原多年的谜团;XoPt]^YU9MZr1。“这些石缸体积很大,有些重达10吨,已经将这些石缸从采石场搬到了8-10公里外的地方,并且做了分类整理dLj&-F155IrYa(。”
这些石缸的主人不得而知_|OoG%BH=g9x;+。石缸是用来盛什么的呢?人们是怎么样放置石缸的,为什么这样放置呢?人们又是在哪里放置这些石缸的?
欧莱利称,究竟是谁建造了石缸是目前需要解决的首要问题rFc@ILy4c;0pc#EQ。但目前尚未发现有利于调查石缸主人的种族或身份问题的遗址R%T#AvS)VF&li!MY
近期考古者在川圹省1号遗址发现了古代墓地%ytt=]9w;Stu。墓地里分布着300多个石缸、石盘以及一些标记符号|n1,p1|50%T9@
科学家还发现了不同的埋葬方式5M[-Kiwg-IeS。有的是埋葬整个躯体,有的是将骨头归类后埋葬,而有的将骨头置于陶瓷容器后埋葬R~UE!%MRRf。澳大利亚莫纳什大学的路易斯·谢瓦担任此次实地考察工作小组的负责人之一Sg;a~Nva[k.
考古学家通立·銮科斯在老挝新闻部及文化旅游部工作,他也带领了一个研究小组-Ud,%-7N4rpm3FlP。銮科斯告知老挝媒体,人类残骸是在距离丰沙湾区8公里以外的地方发现的fH&;*xH0ZPy|qEf_
他说,“这次考古发现具有重大的里程碑意义,这个地区的考古发掘是从20世纪30年代与一名法国考古学家的合作开始的V1oz#JMtIRL+vw27。”
杜格尔德·欧莱利表示,研究人员希望从此次发现中找到有利信息78RROfB.%m
“因为通过调查研究,我们已经能够发掘出大量人类残骸,还找到了7座墓葬,以及4座可能用陶瓷缸安置的墓葬,总共有11座墓葬,kvKG1C5J7。”
他表示,能在东南亚如此重要却鲜为人知的考古遗址工作,他们非常兴奋ij!J6p@F,8o;|
科学家们将对残骸物进行同位素测试及化学测验[W^GBQi7aGpQ9fDPQ6KT。残骸可能会告诉我们一些与遗址有关的种族地位等信息bQeP*Xwsu~
欧莱利称,老挝石缸平原遗址疑与印度石缸遗址有某种关联ZT4!_OBA5@XR*82o
澳大利亚研究委员会为该项目研究提供资金支持1hV9n2dQblrA&V#J。项目研究周期或超过五年,还会在老挝和印度东北部进行实地考察工作H*aK+@i]*RcPP]
不久的未来,科学家们就能解开东南亚最大的文化谜团了K9SiZfDz!XZk
我是安妮·波尔82Ew%uEOy%X[_nw,;

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • puzzlen. 谜,难题,迷惑 vt. 使困惑,使为难 vi. 迷
  • unprincipledadj. 无道德顾忌的,无规范的
  • milestonen. 里程碑
  • jarn. 不和谐,刺耳声,震动,震惊,广口瓶 vi. 发刺耳
  • archaeologyn. 考古学,古迹,文物
  • burialn. 埋葬,葬礼,坟墓
  • uncoveredadj. 无覆盖物的;未保险的;无盖的 v. 脱帽致敬;
  • quarryn. 采石场,猎获物,出处,被追逐的目标 v. 挖出,苦
  • ceramicadj. 陶器的 n. 陶器,陶瓷学
  • collaborationn. 合作,通敌