VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):穷人:拿不出钱就进监狱 已成过去式
日期:2016-03-31 13:00

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US Warns Against Fines on Poor People
The U.S. Justice Department says that issuing large fines and putting poor people in prison for not paying them is illegal.
The law enforcement agency said putting people in jail or prison for not paying fines is unconstitutional. It damages trust in communities and local governments, it said.
The Justice Department warning came after a conference in Washington in December. It revealed that some communities relied on fines as a source of revenue.
The government found that fines and jailing happened frequently in Ferguson, Missouri. The small community near St. Louis was the center of attention in 2014. That year, street protests occurred after a policeman shot a black teenager to death.
It was reported by multiple media sources that Ferguson's court fines account for 20 percent of the city's revenue. Fines were enforced for minor crimes like littering and speeding. Fines would reach over $500.
Attorney General Loretta Lynch, the U.S.'s top law enforcement official, said local courts should not fine the poor to pay for the government, and then arrest people who cannot pay the fines.
The consequences of poverty are not only harmful, they are far-reaching, Lynch said. She continued to say the poor deserve the ability to support their families.
I'm George Grow.

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词汇解析

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1.poor people 穷人

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He's too proud to speak to poor people like us.

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他太骄傲了,从不与我们这样的穷人说话D1VeDRD^gS~VB7

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2.put... in prison 把...送进监狱

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He was put in prison for theft.

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他因为偷窃被关进监狱UG|hltSIfeRY^d

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3.law enforcement agency 执法机构

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Whether law enforcement agency to anti-monopoly law should have independent judicial authority or not?

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反垄断执法机构是否该拥有独立审判权?

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4.pay fines 交付罚金

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You'll have to pay fines.

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你得交罚款Al!N-okF6TNd+H0MEfc

内容解析

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1.It revealed that some communities relied on fines as a source of revenue.

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relied on 依靠;依赖

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Can this rope be relied on ?

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这根绳子牢靠吗?

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I query whether his word can be relied on.

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我怀疑他的话是否可靠QSSQR^a[Tz7[vqlm&Sx

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2.It was reported by multiple media sources that Ferguson's court fines account for 20 percent of the city's revenue.

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account for 对...负有责任;说明...的原因

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How do you account for the difference between them?

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你怎样解释他们之间的差异呢?

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All sorts of theories were put forward to account for his apparent affluence.

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大家用各种各样的理由来解释他手头宽裕的原因tURJe[U-B)Q|*8W;)

参考译文

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穷人:拿不出钱就进监狱 已成过去式
美国司法部表示:开出高额罚款并把交不出罚款的穷人送进监狱的行为是违法的HPzLE5Z6Z-=-mzLD
执法部门称,因为没钱交罚款就把穷人送进监狱违反法律规定,这样的举动做会降低政府的公信力_Defm7Yi)C|F_Z.Ya

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罚款穷人违法.png
去年,华盛顿会议结束后美国司法部发出警告称,有些社会组织以罚款名义揽收钱财-P,b._Z=oJ|NU5O
这种现象在密苏里州的弗格森时有发生s5JY^4xlfCAC^;]NWa.!。2014年,圣路易斯附近的一个社会组织一度成为公众的焦点rhVCsc-1]s^*0FFfb。当时,一名警察开枪打死了一个黑人男孩,由此引发了大规模的公众示威游行cnxx]Zw~JQ2gJVI6f
媒体大肆报道称,弗格森法院其罚款所得收入占城市总收入的20%eV~cs3HVQR9=D6hkJ。这些罚款的名义包括乱扔垃圾和随地吐痰等小型违法行为GE5!t,!G1S_sL。罚款金额高达500美元,8+)w+Qzml_i_jVOH
美国的高级执法官员,司法部长洛雷塔·林奇表示当地法院不应该通过对穷人罚款应付政府的开支,甚至逮捕没有能力交罚款的穷人G^+rcJjPsi!sf)7J[
林奇说:“贫困不仅会带来许多社会问题,而且影响深远,E]96y-egc.BuDUH(6kS。”她还表示穷人也得养家糊口.z5sSD,ha^f]JcpE,
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • apparentadj. 明显的,表面上的
  • independentadj. 独立的,自主的,有主见的 n. 独立派人士,无
  • povertyn. 贫困,贫乏
  • arrestvt. 逮捕,拘留 n. 逮捕,拘留 vt. 阻止
  • communityn. 社区,社会,团体,共同体,公众,[生]群落
  • deservevi. 应该得到 vt. 应受,值得
  • queryn. 质问,疑问,疑问号 vt. 质问,对 ... 表示
  • illegaladj. 不合法的,非法的 n. 非法移民
  • multipleadj. 许多,多种多样的 n. 倍数,并联
  • jailn. 监牢,监狱,拘留所 vt. 监禁,下狱