VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):烽烟再起 NCAA"疯狂三月"华丽起航
日期:2016-03-29 14:05

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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What Is March Madness?
These days, you may hear people in the United States talking about March Madness.
But what does that mean?
Does the month of March make people angry?
No, of course not!
March Madness refers to a college basketball tournament.
The competition takes place every March. And the madness it creates is excitement!
Sometimes mad is defined as angry. But here is another definition of the word: "marked by intense and unpredictable activity."
The three-week long college basketball tournament is exactly that. It involves 64 men's team and 64 women's teams from colleges and universities around the country.
Another reason for the madness is that people bet a lot of money on the games. In 2015, the American Gaming Association said about $9 billion is bet on the tournament.
That is more than double the amount bet for the professional American football championship known as the Super Bowl.
All that money is enough to drive someone crazy!
The National Collegiate Athletic Association, or NCAA, puts on the basketball tournament.
The competition is made up of three divisions. The men's Division I tournament is the most popular. It features players who sometimes move on to professional careers in the National Basketball Association, or NBA, and other leagues around the world.
Some of the players who became famous in the NCAA tournament and now have major professional careers are Carmelo Anthony of the New York Knicks and Dwyane Wade of the Miami Heat. Retired NBA legends Magic Johnson, Larry Bird, Patrick Ewing and Michael Jordan all played in the NCAA tournament.
Even tournament players who do not "go pro," sometimes become folk heroes for the fans that support their teams.
Paul Jesperson of the University of Northern Iowa is an example. He will be famous in his state forever as a result of his game winning score in the tournament just a few days ago. Jesperson threw the ball from half-court with less than two seconds left in play. The crowd went wild when the ball went in the basket.
NCAA experts choose the teams to play in the tournament each year. When a team loses a game, it leaves the tournament. The tournament goes from 64 teams to 32, 16 and 4. The last two rounds are referred to as the Sweet Sixteen and the Final Four.
This year, the championship game will be played on April 4.
Some of the recent men's tournament champions are Duke University from North Carolina, the University of Connecticut, and the University of Louisville, in Kentucky.
The tournament has been going on since 1939, but did not become a "madness" until 1979. That is when Michigan State University defeated Indiana State University. Two important players faced each other in competition: Michigan's Magic Johnson and Indiana's Larry Bird. Both went on to the NBA and great fame as two of the greatest basketball players ever.
The university with the most tournament championships is the University of California, Los Angeles, or UCLA. The Bruins, as the team is known, has won 11 times.
After this weekend's games, the tournament will be down to the Final Four.
Some of the well-known teams still playing are Pennsylvania's Villanova University, the University of Kansas and the University of Oregon. One of the most interesting stories in this year's tournament came from Yale University, a school better known for academics than athletics.
Yale qualified for the tournament by winning the Ivy League for the first time since 1962. The league also includes Harvard University and Princeton University.
The games are usually exciting, adding to the madness. Even the players are big fans. Daniel Ochefu plays for Villanova. His family is from Nigeria and he lived there for a couple years when he was a teenager. He says great things happen in March.
"I know I was up late watching the Northern Iowa half-court buzzer-beater and the St. Joe's game. You know, it's March. Great things happening. We just don't want to miss them. So the TV's right there. We're laying in bed and just turn the TV on, and something great could happen."
Of course, when great things happen, that is when the madness ends.
I'm Caty Weaver.

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词汇解析

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1.refer to 参考;涉及

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You are advised to refer to the Operation Manual for further details.

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更详细的说明请查阅操作手册QhbJ2b!WA_4;)G(zetTv

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2.takes place 发生;举行

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The draw for the raffle takes place on Saturday.

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抽彩仪式星期六举行!u]m0~CDvl;-0=*;Se8#

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3.made up of 由...组成

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All substances are made up of atoms.

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一切物质都是由原子构成的kNXaj#q(j(2.IzYS

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4.move on 前进;离开

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Well, let' s move on to the next item.

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好了, 咱们谈下一个问题吧G][g]RcjcGI3Mmp[,p

内容解析

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1.He will be famous in his state forever as a result of his game winning score in the tournament just a few days ago.

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as a result of 因此;由于

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A nation can become wiser and stronger as a result of change.

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一个民族可能因变革而到更精明更强大(Fnxa|DsCrlK-4zsg&

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Many facts emerged as a result of the investigation.

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调查结果,许多事实暴露出来DXKNm0flk^V2C~Q5pP

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2.One of the most interesting stories in this year's tournament came from Yale University, a school better known for academics than athletics.

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be known for 因...而闻名

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This town is known for its handiwork.

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这个城市以其手工制品闻名AVY6VLqzgX

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She is well known for her advocacy of women's rights.

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她因鼓吹妇权运动而甚为知名[rKnYH0^)2@0_SaTq

参考译文

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烽烟再起 NCAA“疯狂三月”华丽起航
这阵子你可能不停地听着美国人民谈论“疯狂三月”gf3BYNb!~.MW~Ke
这到底是什么意思?
难道是三月容易让人生气吗?
当然不是!
“疯狂三月”是指美国大学篮球联赛c=*4bkRZP-
这项赛事会在每年的三月份举行,激烈的比赛让球迷们兴奋不已!

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虽然mad有“生气”的意思As|Vy-ysz];70。但这个单词还有另一层含义:“标志着激烈和难以预测的活动i|(|R[@l[KlfaL
为期3周的美国大学篮球联赛正是如此XP8;JQ,FU7,XxwB。该比赛是由来自全国各地院校的64支男队和64支女队组成gBH;Qlh8gzdZ(
另一个让人疯狂的原因是人们对这项比赛下了猛注YwqW1m_uts]8y7o9)Y|。美国博彩协会表示,2015年该联赛下注的金额约为90亿美元#Z)wvII8wzLA
这项数字可是“超级碗”——美国职业美式足球冠军赛的两倍多h;^r!xG8DnFW
这些钱也足够让人抓狂了吧!
美国全国大学体育协会(简称NCAA)负责这项篮球联赛所有事宜r||^[q^tGXTPeFKU
该比赛由3个级别组成Pl^C#[o%4An)Kw|。男子第一级别联赛是最受欢迎的Du%xNdpiKuU。因为球员们有可能因此开启美国篮球协会(NBA)或世界其它联赛的职业生涯EEmSY=+_M,9O
在NCAA篮球联赛中一举成名并开启伟大职业生涯的球员包括:纽约尼克斯队的卡梅隆·安东尼(Carmelo Anthony),以及迈阿密热火队的德怀恩·韦德(Dwyane Wade)Z0-RM3;[%[na+Jx[。已经退役的NBA传奇人物魔术师约翰逊(Magic Johnson)、拉里·伯德(Larry Bird)、帕特里克·尤因(Patrick Ewing)以及迈克尔·乔丹(Michael Jordan)等都参加过NCAA联赛2b2IsX%FcSrE%eHqe5
即使未能走上专业球员之路的联赛球员,也会成为铁杆球迷心中的英雄_g5..9H9Xzoqp
比如说北爱荷华大学的保罗·叶斯柏森(Paul Jesperson)OeNEkGf4wp^DLZKN6j。因为前几天在联赛中的制胜球让他一战成名knoTBz]~V(cp6Qm。比赛结束只剩不到两秒的时间,叶斯柏森半场投出制胜球UIdl34;+LU)。当球进筐之时,人们疯狂欢呼z0o7us;Q*K1WG)rg[FX
NCAA专家每年会挑选参加联赛的球队qTZ3B^]h|efQPOC*cY%X。球队只要输掉一场比赛就会被淘汰@0#B[Bz9Z0。赛制为64支进32、16进4eJ_%Ki*X[DPv3k|JLU。最后两轮被称为“甜蜜十六强和四强”Z#k6@Ei@EJhgy
今年的冠军之战定于在4月4日#-.H3X|4%~Lv15E
目前晋级的男子联赛球队为北卡罗来纳州的杜克大学、肯塔基州的康涅狄格大学和路易斯维尔大学mIPTu&;.1i
该联赛始于1939年,但真正疯狂起来是在1979年-1)H#)!;wqN,Gg*~vbk。当时密歇根州立大学击败了印第安纳州立大学ypqjh&KeZ0te(If。当时两名重量级球员在比赛中交手,分别为密歇根州的魔术师约翰逊和印第安纳州的拉里·伯德d|4bbxVv#xZ。之后两人都进入了NBA,享有有史以来最伟大篮球运动员的荣誉Kef&(v7H^RJY|kv
获得联赛冠军次数最多的是加州大学洛杉矶分校)Du_151.Q=vm!16sz=RC。这支以“棕熊队”著名的球队共获得了11次冠军]_E*7lJg&gYv#@=b|L1T
本周末的比赛过后,联赛将进入4强争夺战gpYs;|tJL~(2JaFQo4F
尚未被淘汰的知名球队包括宾夕法尼亚州维拉诺瓦大学、堪萨斯大学和俄勒冈大学slYX|+@irV-。今年联赛中最吸睛的莫过于耶鲁大学——学术远胜运动的大学&SxIr,Qu8S[U
这是耶鲁大学1962年以来首次获得参加常春藤联盟冠军的参赛资格C=fzbld2cd@J5M。常春藤联盟还包括哈佛大学和普林斯顿大学GQ1Qa5]GU9B
这些比赛不仅让人兴奋,还让人疯狂zQ_QLKh&Lq。即使球员们也是超级粉丝W4a&@z6M-1vw#。丹尼尔·欧奇夫(Daniel Ochefu)效力于维拉诺瓦大学XX;h4+M3Vfv。他来自于尼日利亚,年少时在那生活了几年Il=&O&t|]@^LjkysJF。他表示三月有重要赛事上演[B^tYH4dBuuhkH|hy
“我熬夜观看了北爱荷华大学的半场压哨球和圣约瑟夫大学的比赛FD]j,jctxoZ%SZ%。你知道,现在是三月,重要赛事正在上演F-ZtXnzWGgeS5LY。我们可不想错过rgV=oVA~r45。电视在那里,我们躺在床上,打开电视,就能看到重要赛事上演6Br^GXwr#Z*q8gfcimr。”
当然,重要赛事结束之际,也就是疯狂结束之时~C&&Ea-pV]#
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • tournamentn. 比赛,锦标赛,(中世纪的)骑士比武
  • weavern. 织布者,织工
  • championshipn. 锦标赛,冠军,拥护
  • popularadj. 流行的,大众的,通俗的,受欢迎的
  • advocacyn. 拥护,支持,鼓吹
  • definitionn. 定义,阐释,清晰度
  • competitionn. 比赛,竞争,竞赛
  • scoren. 得分,刻痕,二十,乐谱 vt. 记分,刻划,划线,
  • intenseadj. 强烈的,剧烈的,热烈的
  • definedadj. 有定义的,确定的;清晰的,轮廓分明的 v. 使