What Is March Madness?
These days, you may hear people in the United States talking about March Madness.
But what does that mean?
Does the month of March make people angry?
No, of course not!
March Madness refers to a college basketball tournament.
The competition takes place every March. And the madness it creates is excitement!
Sometimes mad is defined as angry. But here is another definition of the word: "marked by intense and unpredictable activity."
The three-week long college basketball tournament is exactly that. It involves 64 men's team and 64 women's teams from colleges and universities around the country.
Another reason for the madness is that people bet a lot of money on the games. In 2015, the American Gaming Association said about $9 billion is bet on the tournament.
That is more than double the amount bet for the professional American football championship known as the Super Bowl.
All that money is enough to drive someone crazy!
The National Collegiate Athletic Association, or NCAA, puts on the basketball tournament.
The competition is made up of three divisions. The men's Division I tournament is the most popular. It features players who sometimes move on to professional careers in the National Basketball Association, or NBA, and other leagues around the world.
Some of the players who became famous in the NCAA tournament and now have major professional careers are Carmelo Anthony of the New York Knicks and Dwyane Wade of the Miami Heat. Retired NBA legends Magic Johnson, Larry Bird, Patrick Ewing and Michael Jordan all played in the NCAA tournament.
Even tournament players who do not "go pro," sometimes become folk heroes for the fans that support their teams.
Paul Jesperson of the University of Northern Iowa is an example. He will be famous in his state forever as a result of his game winning score in the tournament just a few days ago. Jesperson threw the ball from half-court with less than two seconds left in play. The crowd went wild when the ball went in the basket.
NCAA experts choose the teams to play in the tournament each year. When a team loses a game, it leaves the tournament. The tournament goes from 64 teams to 32, 16 and 4. The last two rounds are referred to as the Sweet Sixteen and the Final Four.
This year, the championship game will be played on April 4.
Some of the recent men's tournament champions are Duke University from North Carolina, the University of Connecticut, and the University of Louisville, in Kentucky.
The tournament has been going on since 1939, but did not become a "madness" until 1979. That is when Michigan State University defeated Indiana State University. Two important players faced each other in competition: Michigan's Magic Johnson and Indiana's Larry Bird. Both went on to the NBA and great fame as two of the greatest basketball players ever.
The university with the most tournament championships is the University of California, Los Angeles, or UCLA. The Bruins, as the team is known, has won 11 times.
After this weekend's games, the tournament will be down to the Final Four.
Some of the well-known teams still playing are Pennsylvania's Villanova University, the University of Kansas and the University of Oregon. One of the most interesting stories in this year's tournament came from Yale University, a school better known for academics than athletics.
Yale qualified for the tournament by winning the Ivy League for the first time since 1962. The league also includes Harvard University and Princeton University.
The games are usually exciting, adding to the madness. Even the players are big fans. Daniel Ochefu plays for Villanova. His family is from Nigeria and he lived there for a couple years when he was a teenager. He says great things happen in March.
"I know I was up late watching the Northern Iowa half-court buzzer-beater and the St. Joe's game. You know, it's March. Great things happening. We just don't want to miss them. So the TV's right there. We're laying in bed and just turn the TV on, and something great could happen."
Of course, when great things happen, that is when the madness ends.
I'm Caty Weaver.
1.refer to 参考；涉及
You are advised to refer to the Operation Manual for further details.
2.takes place 发生；举行
The draw for the raffle takes place on Saturday.
3.made up of 由...组成
All substances are made up of atoms.
4.move on 前进；离开
Well, let' s move on to the next item.
1.He will be famous in his state forever as a result of his game winning score in the tournament just a few days ago.
as a result of 因此；由于
A nation can become wiser and stronger as a result of change.
Many facts emerged as a result of the investigation.
2.One of the most interesting stories in this year's tournament came from Yale University, a school better known for academics than athletics.
be known for 因...而闻名
This town is known for its handiwork.
She is well known for her advocacy of women's rights.
虽然mad有“生气”的意思 。但这个单词还有另一层含义：“标志着激烈和难以预测的活动” 。
为期3周的美国大学篮球联赛正是如此 。该比赛是由来自全国各地院校的64支男队和64支女队组成 。
另一个让人疯狂的原因是人们对这项比赛下了猛注 。美国博彩协会表示，2015年该联赛下注的金额约为90亿美元 。
该比赛由3个级别组成 。男子第一级别联赛是最受欢迎的 。因为球员们有可能因此开启美国篮球协会（NBA）或世界其它联赛的职业生涯 。
在NCAA篮球联赛中一举成名并开启伟大职业生涯的球员包括：纽约尼克斯队的卡梅隆·安东尼（Carmelo Anthony），以及迈阿密热火队的德怀恩·韦德（Dwyane Wade） 。已经退役的NBA传奇人物魔术师约翰逊（Magic Johnson）、拉里·伯德（Larry Bird）、帕特里克·尤因（Patrick Ewing）以及迈克尔·乔丹（Michael Jordan）等都参加过NCAA联赛 。
比如说北爱荷华大学的保罗·叶斯柏森（Paul Jesperson） 。因为前几天在联赛中的制胜球让他一战成名 。比赛结束只剩不到两秒的时间，叶斯柏森半场投出制胜球 。当球进筐之时，人们疯狂欢呼 。
NCAA专家每年会挑选参加联赛的球队 。球队只要输掉一场比赛就会被淘汰 。赛制为64支进32、16进4 。最后两轮被称为“甜蜜十六强和四强” 。
该联赛始于1939年，但真正疯狂起来是在1979年 。当时密歇根州立大学击败了印第安纳州立大学 。当时两名重量级球员在比赛中交手，分别为密歇根州的魔术师约翰逊和印第安纳州的拉里·伯德 。之后两人都进入了NBA，享有有史以来最伟大篮球运动员的荣誉 。
获得联赛冠军次数最多的是加州大学洛杉矶分校 。这支以“棕熊队”著名的球队共获得了11次冠军 。
尚未被淘汰的知名球队包括宾夕法尼亚州维拉诺瓦大学、堪萨斯大学和俄勒冈大学 。今年联赛中最吸睛的莫过于耶鲁大学——学术远胜运动的大学 。
这是耶鲁大学1962年以来首次获得参加常春藤联盟冠军的参赛资格 。常春藤联盟还包括哈佛大学和普林斯顿大学 。
这些比赛不仅让人兴奋，还让人疯狂 。即使球员们也是超级粉丝 。丹尼尔·欧奇夫（Daniel Ochefu）效力于维拉诺瓦大学 。他来自于尼日利亚，年少时在那生活了几年 。他表示三月有重要赛事上演 。
“我熬夜观看了北爱荷华大学的半场压哨球和圣约瑟夫大学的比赛 。你知道，现在是三月，重要赛事正在上演 。我们可不想错过 。电视在那里，我们躺在床上，打开电视，就能看到重要赛事上演 。”