VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):铺天盖地的邮件是否会让你"压力山大"
日期:2016-03-24 14:43

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Is Email Stressing You Out?
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health and Lifestyle report.
Few people would disagree that email makes our lives easier. But misusing email can cause problems. And I'm not talking about hitting the "reply all" button when you didn't mean to.
Answering all those emails and processing all that information can overload the brain, causing stress.
So says the Future Work Centre, a business based in London. This company carries out psychological research on people's experiences in their workplaces.
The centre's Richard MacKinnon was the lead writer of a report on messaging habits. He calls email a double-edged sword. In other words, email can be both good and bad. Americans also use the saying cuts both ways for something like a double-edged sword.
But back to the culture of emailing.
Emails provide a useful way to communicate. But they could add to tension in the mind, causing stress.
Come rain or shine, some office workers are under pressure to read and answer emails all day long.
Jonathan Rowe has an office job in London. His complaint is a common one: too many emails. He says reading work emails when you're at home blurs the boundaries between work and leisure.
"Just general day-to-day pressure to be available all the time, to answer emails all the time, to perhaps eat into people's leisure time and blur the boundaries between work and leisure..."
Psychologists are concerned about the pressure that workers bring on themselves. Dr. Richard MacKinnon spoke with VOA News on Skype.
He says that email can be a valuable, time-saving communication tool. But it can also be a source of stress and even anger for many of us.
He adds that the stress does not come from the number of emails you get. The problems result from when and how you deal with them.
According to the study, there are two very stressful email behaviors. One is leaving email on all day – and never signing off. The other is reading and answering emails early in the day and late at night.
"Checking your email very early in the morning, or checking it late at night, or leaving your email on all day, that has a much stronger relationship with email pressure. So it's not necessarily about how many emails we receive..."
Which jobs are most affected by email stress?
But not all jobs are equally stressed by email. The jobs most affected by email stress are:
marketing,
public relations,
media and
Information Technology

Educational experts have also written several reports on how email overloads are stressing out teachers.
Ways to cut down on your email stress
MacKinnon says bad email behaviors are linked to higher levels of stress in office workers. The Future Work Centre report gives several suggestions on avoiding email stress.
Use email with a plan. Do not just react to endless email alerts. If you use an email application, or app, on your device, close it down when you want to be left alone.
Use your "Out of Office" reply more often.
If you need to communicate with a co-worker, call or better still walk to their office and talk about it.
Be careful with the "reply all" option. For example, if you are accepting an invitation to attend training, just write back to those who need to know. Trust me. Other workers on that mailing list will thank you.
And accept the fact that if a matter is urgent employers will call you about it.
The Future Work Centre report claims that in 2014, people sent an estimated 196.3 billion emails. The average adult spent more than an hour a day answering emails.
Email is certainly not going anywhere. So, it is important to control your emails and not the other way around.
I'm Anna Matteo.

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词汇解析

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1.cuts both ways 各有利弊

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Those who gossip find it cuts both ways.

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喜欢散布流言蜚语的人既害他人又害自己PeyJFj#UaAgBXC0

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2.stress out 过度劳累;紧张

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Get that unnecessary stress out of your life.

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让你的生活摆脱那种不必要的压力ORc7ZI_S1a6Rb

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3.In other words 换句话说

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In other words, the quality of the candidates was the decisive factor.

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换言之,人才是最后的决定因素6JNNSi.(FjI

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4.double-edged 双刃的;双重的

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Social development is indeed double-edged.

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社会发展实际上是利弊参半kTf^hv^n9X

内容解析

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1.This company carries out psychological research on people's experiences in their workplaces.

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carries out 开展;实施

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He is not a reliable person, for he never carries out his promises.

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他不可靠,从不遵守诺言)]h=Gr5IieWh

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Our shop carries out services under a coordinated process and assures your satisfaction.

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本店实行一条龙服务,保您称心如意GY|iH1PC&H6d!(AS-GXe

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2.MacKinnon says bad email behaviors are linked to higher levels of stress in office workers.

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linked to 相关的;有关的

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The hearts of the people of all the nationalities are linked to each other.

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我国各族人民心连心mrQpY3wbgaL

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Agriculture is linked to industry through rural expenditure on manufactures.

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农业与工业之间的联系是通过农村对制成品的消费来进行的.(a^CmzB%eg)X*

参考译文

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铺天盖地的邮件是否会让你“压力山大”
这里是VOA慢速英语健康生活频道xy#ueKjCn1],aZwyG|aO
毫无疑问,邮件让我们的生活变得更加便利N~kiro-!C#1;u~S。但是邮件过多也会造成很多困扰se~jgtPDOFtGN42U+。我指的可不是你不小心点了“统一回复”8|,6S[9DPUw)Gzw46#
回复所有邮件,并对所有信息进行处理加重了大脑负荷,因而产生压力GlUNr1*=^|_CF)9R5
总部位于纽约的“未来工作中心”解释道!gCqqFnVA3bVj|v6u2dY。这家公司根据人们在工作时的经历进行心理研究3MqU&uq~lXMc&Zsl

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邮件压力.jpg
Richard MacKinnon是该公司研究“信息传递习惯”的主要作者8k&9f!Et]IsWUZy+tp。他将邮件比作双刃剑aq+V!C~_PY!IllC_;。换言之,邮件带来的影响是双面的ddy)AK71.~Z7t。美国人还会用cuts both ways这一说法表达事物各有利弊.U|rfI*5YgA_aS;0I4I
再来说说邮件文化O4^c4PgRPKihMfE
邮件为我们提供了一种有效的交流方式EcI%&u1UF9Q4moutE5。同时邮件会造成精神上的紧张,产生压力s2A]!YK-)P
有的员工整天都是在巨大压力下风雨无阻地阅读并回复邮件sT@v#Fb(*+LmQCaz(uQA
Jonathan Rowe在伦敦一家公司做文员M2@uDmY~htLdF9k[。他也有相同的困扰:邮件太多了vTdnL~xnNf3WPUFCG。他表示在家回复邮件时,已分不清工作和生活了W!COrXG|qmNQq)
“每时每刻都处于压力状态下,无时不刻地回复邮件,人们的空闲时间被侵蚀,已经分不清工作和空闲的界限了k-0Y9SMYWSm80)VMr@q。”
心理学家称可能是员工自己施加的压力UD6AC2Uwu-3sy_xs。Richard MacKinnon通过Skype告诉VOA新闻记者zN7KsLV2dg@gjA=pv
他说邮件无疑是一种重要的省时工具-(i0Te@6hx。但也是大多数人压力或愤怒的来源@V*1VYXz#cKa1h+D
他还补充道,压力并非来自邮件的数量&ZAMspSIRSm。而是你什么时间以及如何处理这些邮件p[vLc#+zrJ5
研究显示,两种回复邮件的习惯会造成巨大压力c^ZpG*X|Pfv(Nv[TKu。一种是电子邮件一直在线,从不下线C3[oY6U6E3。一种是清早和深夜阅读并回复邮件a6C!sF*X;lVXf097e%T
“大清早或深夜查看邮件,或者整天都登陆着电子邮件,这些习惯会使你的压力越来越大5Jq)k)*IJZFXt~[qE7。所以压力与我们收到邮件的多少并没有直接联系W;,Erb#%!Q=o9E,QV[k。”
然而,并非所有工作的邮件带给人压力q#f.*hTil4X_vmVz+@Dg最易受邮件压力影响的工作有:市场,公关,媒体和信息科技bWZX[D;QQ%#)
教育专家已发表了很多关于邮件给教师带来巨大压力的报告.je|oqoblQWiU2o
MacKinnon表示不良的邮件习惯与上班族压力过大之间有一定的联系+oYqxxZ.,*vZb+=OCGbQ。“未来工作中心”的报告中给出了一些避免邮件压力的建议73hTu7-*~e@1R%Q,Sl
有计划的使用邮箱Ir.hC*gz0RG7#v;=0-k不要只是机械地回应无休止的邮件~fcS%sEo5=g]v。如果手机上安装有邮箱应用,你想一个人静静时就直接关掉;%VaiCK.I[]fKr[SA;Q_
经常使用“不在办公室”这种自动回复lH,gn[WBR);havsEIM
如果你需要与同事交流,直接打电话给他们,或者去办公室和他们直接交谈&z0D0QzCjztECI。谨慎使用“统一回复”这一选项V~vuB%7K]1DXcu!d。例如,你收到了培训邀请,只需回复给需要知道的人y]ij[xtZQ_DMJ。相信我,邮件上的其他好友会对你感激不尽的vexbaU=ra|62NdeHuM
如果有紧急事件,老板一定会打电话告知你iNG,CBB7ye[owWO@_。“未来工作重心”的报告称,2014年人们发送的邮件数量高达1963亿;B+y(FQG87CD@。也就是说平均每人每天会花费一小时来回复邮件crvC-Q6s~o6^pv~_
邮件还能跑哪去|[(Jz(*4TRfJ][nfa-。关键是你要掌控邮件,而不是让邮件控制你f;MTHu(hJv)kX
我是安娜·马特奥3ImsX2V[KF.gwzO

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • satisfactionn. 赔偿,满意,妥善处理,乐事,确信
  • reactvt. 作出反应 vi. 起反应,起作用,反攻
  • swordn. 剑,刀
  • sourcen. 发源地,来源,原始资料
  • tensionn. 紧张,拉力,张力,紧张状态,[电]电压 vt. 使
  • spokev. 说,说话,演说
  • gossipn. 流言蜚语,闲话,爱说长道短的人 vi. 散播(流言
  • ruraladj. 农村的
  • blurv. 使 ... 模糊,弄脏 n. 污点,模糊
  • expendituren. (时间、劳力、金钱等)支出,使用,消耗