VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):究竟是什么让年轻人"夜不能寐"?
日期:2016-03-16 11:15

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Social Media Is Keeping Young Adults Awake

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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health and Lifestyle report.

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A new study has found that social media could be affecting the sleep of young adults.

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The study is a project of researchers at the University of Pittsburgh's School of Medicine.

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They found that young people who often use social media are more likely to suffer from sleep disorders than those who use social media less.

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The researchers say doctors should ask young adults about their use of social media when treating sleep issues.

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"This is one of the first pieces of evidence that social media use really can impact your sleep," said Jessica C. Levenson. She is a postdoctoral researcher in the university's Department of Psychiatry. She was the lead author of a report on the study.

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The researchers set out to examine the connection between social media use and sleep among young adults. Levenson noted that these young adults are possibly the first "generation to grow up with social media."

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The researchers wanted to find out how often young people used social media sites like Facebook, Twitter, Histogram, Snapshot, Credit and Tumbler. For the study, they gave questionnaires to nearly 1,800 adults, aged 19 to 32.

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On average, members of the study group used social media sites one hour a day. They also "visited various social media accounts 30 times per week."

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Thirty percent of the study's participants reported having serious problems with sleeping. Those people who used social media a lot were three times more likely to have a sleep disorder. And those who spent the most time on social media were two times as likely to suffer from sleep disturbances.

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Frequent checking is big part of the problem

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Levenson said the number of times a person visits social media is a better predictor of sleep problems than overall time spent on social media. If this is true, she adds, then practices that stop such behaviors may be most effective.

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Researchers say social media can influence sleep patterns in a number of ways.

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People can lose sleep by staying up too late looking at social media.

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Sensitive issues argued about on social media can cause "emotional, cognitive or physiological" excitement.

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Using an electronic device can interfere with a body's natural sleep rhythms because of the light coming from cell phones or computer screens.

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The researchers note that in some cases, young adults who have a hard time sleeping may use social media to help them fall asleep.

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"It also may be that both of these hypotheses are true," says Brian A. Primack. He is director of the Center for Research on Media, Technology and Health. He is also the study's senior author.

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Primack says "difficulty sleeping may lead to increased use of social media, which may in turn lead to more problems sleeping. This cycle may be particularly problematic with social media. Many forms of social media involve interactive screen time that is stimulating and rewarding and, for those reasons, can keep you awake."

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Researchers published their findings in the journal Preventative Medicine.

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I'm Anna Matteo.

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词汇解析

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1.keep awake 保持清醒

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Can you will yourself to keep awake?

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你能以意志力使自己保持清醒吗?

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2.social media 社交媒体

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We do not expect social media to radically change what we do.

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我们并不认为社会媒体将在根本上改变我们所做的8~CIn)2t5dTQV.

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3.sleep disorder 失眠;睡眠障碍

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Insomnia can be a symptom of a sleep disorder or other health problems.

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失眠可以是睡眠紊乱或其他健康问题的征兆qtKyX+CK4+-#

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4.stay up 熬夜

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I am going to stay up late to finish my paper.

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为了完成报告我打算熬夜不睡7zorCp%C@7GV(5R

内容解析

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1.They found that young people who often use social media are more likely to suffer from sleep disorders than those who use social media less.

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suffer from 遭受;遭遇

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I often suffer from unaccountable headaches.

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我常莫名其妙地头疼@|y3-fSU7u2y

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Persons with diabetes suffer from improper metabolism of sugar.

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糖尿病人的糖代谢受到阻碍[%o@;Da30)

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2.Using an electronic device can interfere with a body's natural sleep rhythms because of the light coming from cell phones or computer screens.

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interfere with 干扰;干涉;耽误

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She never allows her private affairs to interfere with production.

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她从不为个人事情耽误生产Iw8TrrjUP7*3|vmhMf

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I turned down the radio lest it should interfere with his lessons.

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我把收音机音量调低以免妨碍他做功课|YAz1OTCD)h%jzA7zg

参考译文

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究竟是什么让年轻人“夜不能寐”?

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这里是美国之音慢速英语的健康生活频道I#]P=f8BOB

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最新一项研究表明,社交媒体可能会影响年轻人的睡眠质量7FE+yEtK*Uy

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该项研究是匹兹堡大学医学院研究人员主导的deB;]~Au#9i[

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研究发现,与其他人相比,经常泡在社交媒体上的年轻人更容易患上睡眠障碍5RcjAxdh79Gbj]n~Bhx5

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社交媒体.png

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研究人员表示,医生诊治睡眠障碍时应询问年轻人使用社交媒体的情况~sAqz[R)wMkC(87=#L@6

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杰西卡·C·利文森(Jessica C. Levenson)表示,“这是社交媒体影响睡眠的最早证据之一UCo-7@.A4GE。”她是匹兹堡大学精神医学系的博士后,也是这项研究报告的主要作者y%%x|kfFQ.tG3

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研究人员打算进一步研究使用社交媒体和睡眠间的内在联系Sb951qT^ZK[nA|#WL,S。利文森指出,这些年轻人是第一代成长于社交媒体之下的群体iU-~^KpI^Oj7N!5nqH

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为了评估社交媒体使用对睡眠产生的影响,研究人员就Facebook、Twitter、Histogram、Snapshot、Credit、Tumbler等平台的用户使用程度展开了调查03TsS*[GqwFk3C^r]_qJ。研究人员还挑选了美国1788名年龄在19-32岁的人进行了问卷调查

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平均来说,这组受访群体每天使用社交媒体的时间为1个小时&ydNb~y@t19%2。每周登陆不同社交媒体平台账号大约有30次WsbRiKIt,FqU*(4s;WoE

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30%的参与者称自己存在严重的睡眠问题|6.^[vj)+|X-^e。经常使用社交媒体的人患睡眠障碍的可能性比其他人高三倍7h.%r.Eyoyd=^n3SRbM9。经常泡在社交媒体上的人,其所遭受睡眠障碍的风险是不怎么热衷社交媒体用户的2倍

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频繁刷新社交媒体是问题的关键

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利文森表示,社交媒体访问频度在对睡眠障碍的预测上可能要比从社交媒体总体时间来得更加准确-J2e=JrLKWWxGe[y。她补充道,如果这是事实,那么改变这种行为习惯可能是治疗睡眠障碍最有效的办法MAS)Uk1GY5*WpH

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研究人员还表示,社交媒体会从多个方面影响睡眠模式r_w7;)Y[9ykUq[x3

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人们有时是因为熬夜刷新闻而失眠bB83uc8|365~kEMH

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社交媒体上热议的敏感问题也会引起情绪、认知或生理上的兴奋W#IxY~2)7J=r.L

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手机或电脑屏幕等电子设备的光线会干扰身体的自然睡眠节奏Jz[lxpqeztC[%,W;

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研究人员还指出,某些情况下,睡眠质量差的年轻人可能需要借助社交媒体入睡OW^5)Z[H3#nd2fncREzy

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布赖恩·A·普里马克博士(Brian A. Primack)表示,“这两种假设可能都是真的K!v+Ci&!+av,。”他是媒体技术与健康研究中心的负责人,也是这项研究的资深作者z0G6q#guYuSLX

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普里马克表示,“睡眠质量差会让人们花费更多的时间在社交媒体上,反过来也会引起更严重的睡眠问题SH|v5txh;KBH。这个循环因社交媒体更加恶化@Jn2yJn!K.=|uj。那些具有刺激性和回馈性的交互式社交媒体会让你更加清醒(e=#n!#Y]_Yd4B。”

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《预防医学》(Preventive Medicine)杂志上刊登了这一研究结果JoJ!ofZ+UK#Me,5l0s

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我是安娜·马特奥12OaylF4Bw

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • celln. 细胞,电池,小组,小房间,单人牢房,(蜂房的)巢室
  • problematicadj. 问题的,有疑问的
  • improperadj. 不合适的,错误的,不道德的
  • psychiatryn. 精神病学
  • senioradj. 年长的,高级的,资深的,地位较高的 n. 年长
  • rewardingadj. 有报酬的,有益的
  • diabetesn. 糖尿病
  • radicallyadv. 根本地,完全地,过激地
  • sensitiveadj. 敏感的,灵敏的,易受伤害的,感光的,善解人意的
  • evidencen. 根据,证据 v. 证实,证明