VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国沿海就业增长强劲,失业率维持低位
日期:2016-03-15 11:57

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US Coasts Boast Job Growth

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Job growth happened on the east and west coasts of the U.S. last year, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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The howmuch.net map shows that most jobs were created in California. The Los Angeles area produced more than 133,000 new jobs.

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New York City saw the biggest increase in employment. More than 150,000 new jobs were added in the New York City area in 2015.

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In Texas, the Dallas-Fort Worth area witnessed a job increase of nearly 100,000 in 2015.

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And in the Detroit, Michigan area – hurt by years of recession – more than 39,000 jobs were created in 2015.

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Over the past six years, businesses in America created 14 million new jobs. Nearly 2.5 million were added in 2014 and 2015.

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The lowest unemployment rate in U.S. history happened in 1953, when the jobless rate was 2.5 percent. Today, America's unemployment rate is 4.9 percent.

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But as jobs increased, the average hourly wage in America declined. Many of the jobs created since 2014 are retail and service sector jobs. Many economists believe those jobs are less secure than manufacturing jobs.

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States in the U.S. that lost the most jobs included Louisiana, North Dakota, Illinois and Iowa. North Dakota lost almost 19,000 jobs in 2015. Most of those jobs lost in North Dakota were in the energy and mining industries, according to the Associated Press.

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I'm Jim Dresbach.

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词汇解析

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1.unemployment rate 失业率

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The unemployment rate is rising in that country.

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那个国家的失业率正在上升|2aAyRlNhxI1CZOm

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2.jobless rate 失业率

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The jobless rate remained stuck at 9.6 percent, and the president says more work is needed.

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当前美国的失业率仍然停留在9.6%,总统表示,还有更多工作要做Eow8hrP5x9

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3.hourly wage 计时工资;时薪

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Remember to use not only the hourly wage, but also include fringe benefits.

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切记不要仅仅使用小时工资,还要包括附加福利|!&DPOXV*HN7;

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4.lost in 迷失;丢失

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Near to me lay Leo, still lost in a swoon.

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我旁边躺着昏迷不醒的利奥Rj.#N*!Akta8osPMU[

内容解析

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1.Job growth happened on the east and west coasts of the U.S. last year, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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according to 依据;通过

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According to the normal,I should accept her invitation.

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按照常情,我应该接受她的邀请jqi&krG+R!

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According to the normal practice, the genes will be represented by letters.

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根据一般的惯例,基因是用字母来表示的7b_PdP9rK.f4-]

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2.Many economists believe those jobs are less secure than manufacturing jobs.

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less than 小于;少于;不到

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It's less than five minutes' walk to a shopping mall.

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走路不到五分钟就有成片的商店u*9r1jf)tm3]lV21e

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Angele had loved him with a love no less than his own.

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安琪儿对他的爱,跟他的也不相上下vwk,GJO=YI

参考译文

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美国沿海就业增长强劲,失业率维持低位

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据美国劳动统计局统计,去年美国东西海岸的就业率有所回升UwseKV7_acacr8n

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“Howmuch”网站的地图显示,加利福尼亚州新设多个就业岗位Ae_Z6h5DKk^varN=。洛杉矶地区也新增13.3万个就业机会+T.ld%6AecU4LlIHg

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美国就业增长强劲.jpg

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其中,纽约市的就业率增长是最明显的m-A~|ldc8;BM5Am。2015年纽约市新增了约15万个就业机会[8num5[x&7VElG

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2015年,德克萨斯州的达拉斯和沃尔斯堡市新增约10万个就业机会qT0)nNF0i1;%RUH*R

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即使是一直饱受经济衰退困扰的密歇根州底特律市,也在2015年新增约3.9万个就业机会*-CO2u~g@TKn8~0QZ

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过去的六年间,美国企业先后设立了1400万个就业岗位pR+F0apc#.~H.]。2014-2015两年的时间,新增的就业岗位就高达250万|ZyHqEidZ;yb9eUP&yLo

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美国历史上失业率最低的时候是在1953年,当时的失业率仅为2.5%pn^j;y6~u,Rl。现在美国的失业率为4.9%s=_o9(i6YS]d5fe9dK

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然而就业机会的增多,导致美国的平均时薪降低T6.(2SIFd8L#]n~(k%。2014年以来,新增的就业岗位以零售业和服务业为主xfN*[a%Ir~A#。多数经济学家认为这类工作不如制造业类型的工作稳定G&-)UYAjaci

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美国失业率最高的州分别为路易斯安那州、北达科他州、伊利诺伊州和爱荷华州LARy*0bRGR2pK@y。2015年,北达科达州损失了近1.9万个就业机会V!j#IYCaQ+f.z。据美联社报道,该州的失业率主要表现在能源和采矿行业Rz2nAu1Iprd#R,sMm8a

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • minutesn. 会议记录,(复数)分钟
  • retailn. 零售 vt. 零售,传述 adv. 以零售形式
  • unemploymentn. 失业,失业人数
  • boastv. 吹牛,自夸,说大话 n. 自吹自擂,自夸
  • invitationn. 邀请,招待,邀请函,引诱,招致
  • fringen. 流苏,次要,边缘,额外补贴 vt. 用流苏修饰,镶
  • secureadj. 安全的,牢靠的,稳妥的 vt. 固定,获得,使