VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):联合国能否诞生首位女掌门人?
日期:2016-03-13 08:56

(单词翻译:单击)

be3uW(ZhC4,FuSb7xc=5~KP(;Br@p

听力文本

*Taa5(_u)0x2Fo

No Woman Has Been Top Role at UN

!1Fdh,BMkn5Oo)NQ@i%i

International Women's Day on Tuesday is all about better education and better jobs for women.

+7yFK7dmLd0.o

That includes one job in particular: Secretary-General of the United Nations. It is the UN's top post and no woman has had that post.

=kNDynZycnM6BzX=o

The UN was founded in 1945, and has had eight male secretaries-general.

*8MY_l&kk0HRpRiJi

A woman secretary-general, says Congresswoman Carolyn Maloney of New York, "would serve as a powerful symbol to the approximately 3.6 billion people in this world who are women."

Hc@^jT;,Q_^

Ban Ki-moon of South Korea has said he will give up the secretary-general post at the end of the year. He has been secretary-general since 2007.

l#RWc2sL^[(mcmQ)e%5

Among the candidates to replace Ban are three women, Irina Bokova, now director-general of the UN Organization for Education, Science and Culture; Natalia Gherman, deputy prime minister and minister of foreign affairs of Moldova; and Vesna Pusic, first deputy prime minister of Croatia.

giDm69n~aX

Male candidates include Danilo Turk, former president of Slovenia, and Kevin Rudd, Australia's former prime minister.

BLz-y-dLb0KLx

The Financial Times recently wrote that German Chancellor Angela Merkel might be a surprise candidate for secretary-general.

qi^I86GZ&g|vSNH&ni(i

Jeane Krasno is chair of the group Campaign to Elect a Woman UN Secretary-General.

5u~|Pgg6t-!bkeI+2JFc

Krasno said she will observe International Women's Day in New York. An event there will recognize important work women do for the UN. That includes providing food, housing and security for families during famines and armed conflicts.

fz^X3@)+oX.dsF3Z

"The argument has been in the past that there aren't enough qualified women to choose from," Krasno told VOA. "That argument no longer holds water."

8I+|Y.fY.eB

She said her group has identified 38 women with "incredible experience, achievement and qualifications."

[pHC.BmU|W.eaWg#4|

The United Nations tends to select secretaries-general on a rotating basis to make sure each world region gets a person in the top UN job. For this election, the UN is said to be looking at an official from Eastern Europe, according to multiple news reports.

NtL~g^4%FeeVzlp

"If that argument is valid, what about representation for women who make up over half of the world's population?," Krasno asked.

yx&RJx+s41N)

Krasno teaches political science and international relations classes at Yale University, Columbia University and the City University of New York.

qg#i7ed69tbN|P(D97m

I'm Kathleen Struck.

HT3uiHdPDMTinaS_)Xf

词汇解析

S_FqWT^F[zpZX6tF

1.in particular 尤其;特别

A_@e1]w-4KV[2VH

The director stressed that point in particular.

ME0r^k~8bze+Gw.t

厂长特别强调了那一点Q5U*F(i0kF*OfX

qImJLxnad@%mpga

2.at the end of 末尾;在...结束时

1Ln1Mcn#=zK+

At the end of the concert, the audience stood and clapped.

I1Ex8ExL.vBAE*9z

音乐会结束时,观众起立鼓掌xQEFV16CCF

vwgCFL7i1.D+POuFO

3.director-general 总干事

E~47EJq5Rs

Where do you see the change of emphasis since you and the new director-general arrived?

GlJM%FXGmWh)c+jPoW

自从你和新的总干事上任之后,你看到了那些地方的重点发生了变化?

yRc4WHZah%o1@|!j1=T

4.armed conflicts 武装冲突

slp.FRz0MaGpU&

No single nation can or should shoulder the burden for managing or resolving the world’s armed conflicts.

M@0FygIil!jW

没有一个国家能够或应该担负起管理或解决世界上武装冲突的负担20&PiHKd5HOzx=w[gz9

内容解析

]iUWK7y7LYCA9OxbX

1.A woman secretary-general, says Congresswoman Carolyn Maloney of New York, "would serve as a powerful symbol to the approximately 3.6 billion people in this world who are women."

|i8NY@B;E03OOLM=(7kW

serve as 起...作用;担任;充当

S!N!mlX&r&nS]1

Animals may serve as a vehicle for viral transmission.

gjgXFSzW#ex

动物可能成为病毒传播的媒介do[jlp6!u!tYb4i#YHn

Y24FxL%ps%V!.

A life-insurance policy may serve as security for a loan.

w.0WxrxASr_hvNs

人寿保险可作贷款的抵押mx&RUmPi)R!

XLej9lrsB(EyLJ(

2."If that argument is valid, what about representation for women who make up over half of the world's population?," Krasno asked.

!em;XbTY0iQf%Yd5|SqL

make up 组成;化妆;弥补

d]9Da@NNfhV

Hard work can often make up for a lack of intelligence.

&z8_|78)~_ge;]

勤奋工作往往可以弥补智力的不足@+*bIlt)#yxt##~~tR

IIK6m@JSX+85

He leans over backwards to make up for what he has lost.

mOjX&bSALF

他过于努力弥补他的损失b|-3fsG+|*F

参考译文

keh,DL;)+6P

联合国能否诞生首位女掌门人?

uaME2-INH!u*j2iAtfM

周二的国际妇女节被女性的教育和工作等热议话题所占据=!6p81#B_t&KpM)gvZ

OPsCjjPOO1Bm

其中包括一个特殊的职位:联合国秘书长sX(9CDqe8~qZ。这是联合国最高职位,然而迄今为止没有女性担任该职位PLP1gETrgpH

N3Wk@JhC5OCz6%pex

联合国创立于1945年,先后有8任男性秘书长xln~qgS8S)A^ZeW+P

juftVF3)Tb3r#,1W0r

纽约国会女议员罗琳·马洛尼说到,一位女秘书长是“全世界近36亿女性的有力象征Qk)rAG_.eu[K.q@V。”

*5S_jQ)Por1kn^=^O_[A

联合国女秘书长.jpg

;6U@6SKiag|wxAI

韩国著名外交官潘基文称今年年底将不再继任秘书长一职42RoA162e.cT5#d2。自2007年开始他就担任联合国秘书长职位F^Av_Pbs^U!k^,%5TXM

O0gsXA09i#xWBDv23;B

秘书长候选人中有3名女性,现任联合国教科文组织的总干事伊琳娜·博科娃;摩尔多瓦的副总理兼外长娜塔莉亚·赫尔曼以及克罗地亚第一副总理韦斯娜·普希奇9Sw21dP8^Riq0

(L];&&4BZVI7k!h=

男性候选人包括斯洛文尼亚前总理丹尼尔·特德,以及澳大利亚前任总理凯文·拉德L1fX]CX_C=hpPin

P*1uwXK_=a^6EZ;ba39

《金融时报》发表最新评论称德国总理安吉拉·默克尔或成为秘书长候选人中的一大亮点.WK5VjsZbDG(ab9v%

jAMS*]19F2qkjTI&oAt+

珍妮·克拉斯诺是主张选举女性为联合国秘书长竞选组的主席2Xsp39R^+6cuPx.nq

w4|m^f1mwL2zrO

克拉斯诺表示会在纽约庆祝国际妇女节Mct0*P,WatQob!+i_]。这是一个认可女性担任联合国要职的节日,包括为饱受饥荒和武装冲突中家庭提供食物,住宿和安保服务%.ieZ6XmH0!IBjBecx#M

&4Ts=(.MCi7*2fLtXpLh

“以前有人反对是因为没有那么多优秀的女性可供选择”克拉斯诺接受采访时称eAROOnZ3GPLib。“这一借口现在再也站不住脚了F6J-Ik]~U1tlWs。”

]|WD^a=GYQDb@+*^)!W6

在她的小组里有38位女性,她们个个儿经验丰富,成就非凡,资质优秀g2.Zh]xppN3RqRf

VpdA|i1u03v4gUXM

出于对地区平衡的考虑,联合国更加倾向按轮流出任的惯例以确保每个地区都能有人担任这一要职FV*v2KD=~Hxf8R]*=h。据新闻媒体报道,在这次选举中,联合国很可能会从东欧选出一名官员&+(vo%)pqh

FKP5v!sp0*0Y

“如果按照这一说法,那为什么不从占世界一多半人口的女性中选出一个代表呢?”克拉斯诺反问道iUL)7#AjY(d7&G)BQe

o8r~sOGT6HahfpdE

克拉斯诺在耶鲁大学,哥伦比亚大学和纽约城市学院教授政治科学和国际关系课程vf|h*+YQja

pk7X*I[mtho#JlA|

我是凯思琳·斯特拉克_mDNMu+N5k

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

noSLQ-w5ou53Swg2M2h8)meLs(67gZXm%vtdTIT#r|12m!wU
分享到
重点单词
  • incredibleadj. 难以置信的,惊人的
  • shouldern. 肩膀,肩部 v. 扛,肩负,承担,(用肩)推挤
  • campaignn. 运动,活动,战役,竞选运动 v. 从事运动,参加竞
  • qualifiedadj. 有资格的,有限制的
  • replacevt. 取代,更换,将物品放回原处
  • achievementn. 成就,成绩,完成,达到
  • viraladj. 滤过性毒菌的,滤过性毒菌引起的
  • particularadj. 特殊的,特别的,特定的,挑剔的 n. 个别项目
  • multipleadj. 许多,多种多样的 n. 倍数,并联
  • concertn. 音乐会,一致,和谐 vt. 制定计划,通过协商达成