VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):2050年海洋塑料垃圾将超过鱼类重量
日期:2016-03-03 13:39

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Oceans To Hold More Plastic Than Fish by 2050

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There will be more plastic than fish in the world's oceans by 2050 unless more recycling takes place. That is what a new report from the World Economic Forum and Ellen MacArthur Foundation warns.

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If the current trend continues, the report said, oceans will contain one ton of plastic for every three tons of fish in 2025.

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By 2050, plastics will weigh more than fish, the report said.

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The problem is that each year at least 8 million tons of plastics end up in oceans around the world.

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The report said this is the same as dumping the contents of one garbage truck into the ocean every minute.

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Not all plastic ends up in the ocean because someone throws a plastic bottle into the water.

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Plastic containers and other trash thrown onto streets and sidewalks often are swept into oceans. The debris travels from storm drains during rain storms, said the environmental group Marine Defenders.

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Some end up in gyres. A gyre is a big whirlpool that traps and moves the plastic in circles.

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Unlike other types of trash in the ocean, the plastic never bio-degrades. That means it does not break down.

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There is a way to slow the amount of plastics going into the oceans -- people can recycle more. That is a major recommendation of the report by the World Economic Forum and Ellen MacArthur Foundation.

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The report's authors say that currently only about 14 percent of plastics are recycled.

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It said research in Europe shows as much as 53 percent of plastic could be recycled using available technology.
The report says that another solution is using less plastic for packaging products. But that is not likely to happen, the report's authors say.

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"Given plastic packaging's many benefits, both the likelihood and desirability of an across-the-board drastic reduction in the volume of plastic packaging used is clearly low," the report said.

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But the authors note reducing the use of plastics should be tried "where possible."

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For decades, scientists warned that plastics are killing fish. The Natural Resources Defense Council said research shows that fish are dying from choking after eating plastics. Another cause of death is that plastics cause "intestinal blockage and starvation," the environmental group said.

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I'm Mario Ritter.

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词汇解析

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1.end up 结束;死亡

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You could end up running this company if you play your cards right.

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你要是处理得当, 到头来这个公司能归你掌管A*@rQhL2j,9m_6wq

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2.garbage truck 垃圾车

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As we drive along we can see a garbage truck across the street.

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当我们开车时﹐我们可以看见一辆垃圾车穿过街道sX2V8LG]CijY,I

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3.rain storm 暴风雨

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Villagers build a temporary dam at their field after a rain storm hit China's Guangxi province.

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广西省在暴雨袭击以后,村民们在他们的农田傍边构筑水坝i8hY;&8~8VQlbFy7[Uy-

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4.as much as 差不多;多达

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I try to ward off fatigue by resting as much as possible.

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为了防止疲劳,我尽可能多休息KiZHb,rw]*Uki0

内容解析

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1.There will be more plastic than fish in the world's oceans by 2050 unless more recycling takes place.

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takes place 发生;举行

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All the action in the play takes place at one railroad station.

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该剧的整个情节均发生在一座火车站里R+R=Pm%UbACm

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The new governor's assumption of office takes place next Tuesday.

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新任州长于下星期二就职vpwhbdx3Zk)-Pt-FJ

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2.The problem is that each year at least 8 million tons of plastics end up in oceans around the world.

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at least 至少;起码

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At least we don't have to worry about Harbour Pointe any more.

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起码来说,我们不必再为波因特港工程劳心费力&Gho&rEJ;[jXK|=etr1

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All were at least comely, and one of them very handsome and regular of feature.

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她们至少都长得不难看,其中有一个容貌很端正,很漂亮^R#&NqCx+E

参考译文

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2050年海洋塑料垃圾将超过鱼类重量

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如果不多加循环利用,到2050年全球海洋垃圾的数量将赶超鱼类RBzun&lGMeuaR@LmHA。这份报告出自于世界经济论坛和艾伦·麦克阿瑟基金会nXDgbu-NRO4m

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该报告称,照此情形继续发展的话,到2025年每3吨鱼中就有1吨是塑料垃圾tGo;fF--y7Po3]*TV-i.

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该报告称,到2050年,塑料的重量将会超过鱼类3;6k-#m()yTX03B

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需要注意的是,全球每年都向各大洋中丢弃至少800万吨的塑料制品KBYq4W%[4M(%~(4~l&m

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海洋垃圾.jpg

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该报告还称,这意味着每分钟向海洋中投入一车垃圾q,tr95#j1Nhw_Bpvb

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将塑料瓶丢入水中并不是造成海洋污染的主因QIGg=YHJlrbe)FEm*

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海洋卫士环保组织表示,街道和人行道的垃圾最后也都会流入大海O#TeQ.GhI5Dy7!T。这些垃圾经过暴风雨的冲刷渗入地表最后流入大海~LDbC^xl~_rLD#K9

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其中一些垃圾被卡在环流中*3M5iL1S|y8i2W。环流是指让垃圾被困后呈环形运动的大漩涡wdvDEh8(yCNu;YlcZ]1r

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和其它类型的垃圾不同,塑料无法通过生物降解,就是说它不能分解sCYQu~@MQz

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人们可以回收塑料制品以减少流入海洋的塑料垃圾数量c_.;dn)YG*;gqnM=[。这是世界经济论坛和艾伦·麦克阿瑟基金会的报告提出的建议a3]AgS=3HV(

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该报告的作者表示,目前只有14%的塑料垃圾被回收利用At;s5QVPg!QJebHT98s

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欧洲的研究表明,现有的科技可回收利用53%的塑料制品t6ZQSpkhb%u+kQ

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报告称,另一种办法就是包装产品时尽量避免使用塑料DXm,]AdGOr4mekA!35Pl。但是这种办法不太现实UDuYz(90lI

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报告还称,“鉴于塑料包装的诸多好处,全面大幅度减少塑料包装使用量的可能性很低]LAGX)r6O.K(。”

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但是作者们指出,在适当的情况下减少塑料的使用量xd;Y,T%+.n

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几十年来,科学家一直警告称塑料会导致鱼类死亡+PwWX^tlTJFF^。美国自然资源保护委员会表示,鱼类误食塑料后会窒息而死4pR8akU*R+=n;wvf7。环保组织也表示,造成鱼类死亡的另一个原因是,塑料造成肠道堵塞和饥饿RwWF0aRLB3M

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我是马里奥·理特_&mCs;-9vZQXGK2UW%

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • damn. 水坝,堤,障碍物 vt. 筑坝,抑制(情感等)
  • defensen. 防卫,防卫物,辩护 vt. 防守
  • currentn. (水、气、电)流,趋势 adj. 流通的,现在的,
  • trendn. 趋势,倾向,方位 vi. 倾向,转向
  • recyclevt. 使再循环,再利用,再制 vi. 循环 n. 再循
  • assumptionn. 假定,设想,担任(职责等), 假装
  • blockagen. 封锁,妨碍
  • solutionn. 解答,解决办法,溶解,溶液
  • reductionn. 减少,缩小,(化学)还原反应,(数学)约分
  • whirlpooln. 漩涡,涡流;混乱,纷乱