VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):2016中国经济仍将继续探底
日期:2016-03-03 11:08

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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China’s Economy Continues Decline

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China's economy continues to weaken, according to recent surveys.

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China is the world's second-biggest economy. Figures released Tuesday show the country's factory production is at its lowest level in four years.

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The official Purchasing Manager's Index, or PMI, tracks activity in factories. The manufacturing PMI in China is reported by Markit Economics.

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The index dropped to 49 in China in February. In January, the PMI was 49.4.

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Any reading of the PMI below 50 signals contraction. It was the seventh month in a row the PMI dropped.

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Observers of the Chinese economy say February's PMI reading could have been affected by the New Year holiday. Many factories close for an extended time and workers stay home during the holiday.

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Another survey showed China's economy is slumping. The Caixin/Markit purchasing managers' index fell to a five-month low of 48 last month. It was the 12th month in a row that the index declined. The index calculates economic output, new orders and employment.

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The economy in China grew at an annual rate of nearly 7 percent in 2015. That was the slowest amount of growth in 25 years.

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To give the economy a boost, the Chinese announced a round of spending to help the economy and added to the money supply. The People's Bank of China late Monday announced it was cutting the amount of money that banks must hold as reserves.

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The People's Bank also added $100 billion in cash into the banking system to aid in new lending.

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I'm Jim Dresbach.

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词汇解析

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1.PMI 采购经理指数

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A PMI level above 50, indicates growth in manufacturing from the previous month, while a reading below 50 indicates activity is falling.

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采购经理指数高于50,表明上个月制造业仍在增长,当低于50时则显示经济活力降低ARm~r&ibi=23dc~G4-

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2.dropped to 降至;跌至

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Her voice dropped to a lower pitch.

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她的声调低了下来^Ltm2|mDkT[vmNR&s[#%

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3.in a row 连续地

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Ten footballer stood in a row on the sport ground.

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运动场上一字儿站着十名足球运动员MuVFZxUrV)u-

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4.economic output 经济总量

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Its economy has now taken off and its total economic output has surpassed Dalian.

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近年来迅速崛起,经济总量已超越大连=KfPHEtOq2fpDF

内容解析

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1.The Caixin/Markit purchasing managers' index fell to a five-month low of 48 last month.

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fell to 跌落;跌倒

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The dishes fell to the floor.

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碟子跌落到地板上C0#N1TVoXJ@b))#mVZ

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The temperature fell to 26°below zero.

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温度下降到零下26度Dk3qr]=K;GGCY

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2.To give the economy a boost, the Chinese announced a round of spending to help the economy and added to the money supply.

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a round of 一轮的;一连串的

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His life is a round of what some people would call painful labour.

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有些人认为他十分劳碌地干了一辈子苦工2&HMWQVw-mG

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Her future life was not to be a round of pleasure.

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她的未来生活不会是整天玩乐LO|pEW)6wrw

参考译文

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专家预测:2016中国经济仍将继续探底

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最新调查结果显示,中国经济仍会继续下行9iqtOn%EXAT

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中国是全球第二大经济体]M&W]pn5bO+X-OUx%。周二公布的数据显示,中国的工业生产处于四年来的最低水平FPe7k8j=m-H5

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采购经理指数(PMI指数)是指对企业的经营状况进行追踪调查Nc.Kp)_NOj;*9*|F%|oA。而中国制造业PMI指数是与Markit 经济公司联合发布的N91dp^jwW3U5-

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2016中国经济继续下行.jpg

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今年2月份,中国制造业采购经理指数(PMI)为49.0%IAn3[@9ljk7Jd-6.!%。而1月份的PMI指数为49.4%icdsXIHPNn~k5j4NG#

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当PMI小于50时,说明经济在衰退(PMI指数50为荣枯分水线DFrQA7%P]p%snhG^r*。中国PMI指数连续7个月处于“荣枯线”之下QO-IONR&Uqbs!S8fv*d

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中国经济学家们表示,二月份的PMI数据或受春节停工的影响(ZQT(J%j5&@QS88GV7M。春节期间多数企业长时间停工,职工们也都回家过年P|J!wA&Onfq5@y

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另一项调查显示中国经济正在下滑l]cPV_-K7iD3LikvO~。上个月财新传媒与Markit发布的PMI预览值为48,创下五个月新低rOif=iZy;rU。这已经是该数据连续第12个月下滑了)jVSeLNiNcKjR。PMI指数主要是用来分析经济产出、新订单以及就业情况Ki_aQp=V5~4x]

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2015年中国经济年度增长率接近7%,创下25年以来新低z;4jK5bT[&E)WSP

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为提振经济,中国宣布新一轮财政支出以促进经济和增加货币供给量WUmSBlCi@a&LdqBB|HB。周一晚间,中国人民银行宣布降低存款准备金率(即降准)*;Z*0W0Gbd,^_^2Z~

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中国人民银行宣布新增贷款1000亿美元9EbmSKY-*oT

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • boostvt. 推进,提高,增加 n. 推进,增加 v.
  • supplyn. 补给,供给,供应,贮备 vt. 补给,供给,提供,
  • pitchn. 沥青,树脂,松脂 n. 程度,投掷,球场,音高 v
  • rown. 排,船游,吵闹 vt. 划船,成排 vi. 划船,
  • temperaturen. 温度,气温,体温,发烧
  • fell动词fall的过去式 n. 兽皮 vt. 砍伐,击倒 a
  • tracksn. 轨道(track的复数);磁道;轮胎
  • extendedadj. 延续的,广大的,扩大范围的 动词extend的
  • weakenv. 使 ... 弱,变弱,弄淡
  • surveyv. 调查,检查,测量,勘定,纵览,环视 n. 调查,纵