VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):奥巴马将招待东盟10国领导人
日期:2016-02-12 13:54

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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United States President Barack Obama will host the leaders of the 10 ASEAN members next week in California.

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ASEAN is the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Its 10 member countries are Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.

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Last year, ASEAN leaders created the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC). The aim is to increase trade, investment and economic ties among the 10 nations.

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ASEAN leaders will meet with President Obama at the 80-hectare Sunnylands estate in California. The estate was once the home of a billionaire publisher. President Obama hosted Chinese President Xi Jinping there in 2013.

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President Obama personally invited all the ASEAN leaders to Sunnylands when he attended the ASEAN summit last November in Malaysia.

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The summit participants will address key regional security and trade issues. They are also expected to discuss climate change and human trafficking.

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U.S. role in ASEAN

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Obama administration officials see ASEAN as a key part of America's foreign policy focus on Asia and the Pacific. The U.S. also wants to increase its economic ties with the region.

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But observers do not expect any major results or developments from the meeting.

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Simon Tay is chairman of the Singapore Institute of International Affairs. He said that because 2016 is President Obama's last year in office, he does not believe "a great deal of substance" will come from next week's meeting.

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Observers expect a key topic at the meeting to be China's growing assertiveness in the disputed South China Sea.

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The Philippines and Vietnam are among the countries involved in territorial disputes with China in the South China Sea. Leaders from both countries want the United States to give them guarantees about security. But other ASEAN member countries do not want to anger Chinese leaders.

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That divide among member nations could also make it difficult for major developments to result from the meeting in California.

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Chin Leng Lim is an international law professor at Hong Kong University. He said ASEAN member countries do not agree on several major issues. Because of this, he says, the United States is "firmly in the driving seat of this summit." In other words, the United States could have control of the meeting.

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Trans-Pacific Partnership

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A major topic among ASEAN nations is trade.

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Last week in New Zealand, 12 countries signed the Trans-Pacific Partnership. The TPP trade agreement includes four ASEAN members: Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore and Vietnam. Two other ASEAN members, Indonesia and Thailand, could also soon join the TPP.

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ASEAN members have been talking with six other countries about forming another free trade agreement called the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). Those six countries are Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand.

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Deborah Elms is executive director of the Asian Trade Center in Singapore. She says the signing of the TPP and the RCEP negotiations mean ASEAN is facing more competition. She says ASEAN should "take regional integration seriously" to remain globally important.

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ASEAN launched its own economic community, the AEC, at the beginning of the year. It creates a single market for goods, services, capital and labor. So far, it has not shown strong results.

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But its supporters say that it will reach its goal of being a single market and production base by the year 2020. The Asian Development Bank says it has "the potential to become one of the largest economies and markets in the world."

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ASEAN nations have a population of over 626 million people, and an economy valued at $2.4 trillion. ASEAN represents the third-largest economy in Asia, behind China and India, and the seventh-largest economy in the world.

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I'm Mary Gotschall.

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词汇解释

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1.trafficking n. 非法交易(尤指毒品买卖) vi. 交易(traffic的现在分词)

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He was sentenced to ten years in prison on charges of drug trafficking.
他因贩毒被判刑10年Cl!G4-8)3%cER9^z3h

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2.assertiveness n. 魄力,自信

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Her assertiveness was starting to be seen as arrogance.
她的自信已开始被认为是自负了WK(z,hbbHAavC%

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内容解析

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1.Obama administration officials see ASEAN as a key part of America's foreign policy focus on Asia and the Pacific

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focus on 使(光线等)聚焦于:以(某事物)为重点,集中讨论研究:集中注意力于,把…集中于…上:

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If you focus the sun's rays on dry wood with a burning-glass, it will start burning.
如果你用取火镜使太阳光线在聚焦在干木头上,木头就会燃烧起来uz9GTx)w+auV^!W-ned

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Our meeting focuses on the question of women's right.
我们会议的重点是妇女权利问题9BIo2lKu^v9W.

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2.Because of this, he says, the United States is "firmly in the driving seat of this summit." In other words, the United States could have control of the meeting.

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in the driving seat [比喻]有影响力,有控制权;掌权

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At 69 he is as firmly in the driving seat of the company as ever.
在69岁时他仍一如既往地牢牢掌握着公司的控制权c(YhJp-eraR

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As others had said, the Government should be in the driving seat, with the full support of the international community.

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正如别人已经说过的那样,政府应该在国际社会的全面支持下发挥主导作用yo3y-K1OQUSF!M~C%

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参考译文

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美国总统巴拉克·奥巴马下周将在加州招待东盟10国领导人m1DtoMGOtzw8z6~~L

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东盟就是东南亚国家联盟,这10个国家包括文莱、柬埔寨、印尼、老挝、马来西亚、缅甸、菲律宾、新加坡、泰国和越南H.RfKv,!@^uHTXwWc0tW

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去年,东盟领导人创立了东盟经济提共同体(AEC),其目的是加强10国之间的贸易、投资和经济纽带D)0e|rVN+u%yAL

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东盟领导人将和奥巴马总统在加州80公顷的阳光庄园会面,该庄园一度是一位亿万富翁出版商的住宅,奥巴马总统2013年在这里招待了中国国家主席习近平PUz|0~#rX94y.*,TjkU

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奥巴马总统去年11月参加马来西亚东盟峰会时以个人身份邀请所有东盟国家领导人前往阳光庄园8YHm0Ivi%Et5B.;v8Zk

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峰会的与会者将解决主要的地区安全和贸易问题,他们还将讨论气候变化和人口走私laCSP=kEizHMq0i

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奥巴马政府官员将东盟视为美国在亚太地区外交政策的关键部分,美国还希望增进与该地区的经济关系YH9,XrKt+_a!~#

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但观察家们预料峰会不会促成任何重大结果或进展R*ozxCBl5_UV&*zULh;L

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西蒙·泰是新加坡国际事务研究所主席,他说因为2016年是奥巴马总统在职的最后一年,所以他认为下周的会议不会产生“大量实质性的结果”|)(6hc=l2Jee

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观察家们预料会议的一个关键问题是中国在南中国海争议区域越发强势的问题kj,T7ee9^,vySf

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菲律宾和越南等国家与中国在南中国海有领土争端,两国的领导人都希望美国能提供安全保障,但其他东盟成员国并不希望触怒中国领导人H7tH7O]C~O,v

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成员国之间的分歧也使得这次加州会议很难取得重大进展thD.#WeieeL[^XD

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香港大学国际法教授陈伦林说,东盟成员国在几个重大问题上存在分歧,因此,他说美国会牢牢控制好这次会议D3T,lJ&A~sXqtr6M

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东盟国家之间的一个主要议题就是贸易v%a+hb)~C]R#

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上周在新西兰,12个国家签署了跨太平洋伙伴关系协定(TPP),该协定包括四个东盟国家:文莱、马来西亚、新加坡和越南,另外两个东盟成员国印尼和泰国也将很快加入TPP!PcKbb3!Ifb|+]LRSJ

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东盟成员国一直与另外六国商谈成立另一个自由贸易协定—区域全面经济伙伴关系(RCEP),这六个国家是澳大利亚、中国、印度、日本、韩国和新西兰5uCWQBbFmQ54MpTSc

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德博拉·埃尔姆斯是新加坡亚洲贸易中心执行董事,她说TPP和RCEP协定的签署意味着东盟将面临更激烈的竞争,她说东盟应该“重视地区一体化”从而保持全球优势(9fxilC3@Q9=s5Nj3C

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年初东盟成立了自己的经济共同体AEC,这就创造了商品、服务、资本和劳动力的单一市场,到目前为止,该共同体尚未促成重大结果9qX[m2.5JMPgJm

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但其支持者称该共同体将在2020年之前实现其成为单一市场和生产基地的目标,亚洲开发银行称该共同体有“成为全世界最大经济体和最大市场之一的潜力DOllU=K6t5YqB。”

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东盟国家共有6.26亿人口,经济价值2.4万亿美元,东盟是亚洲第三大经济体,位列中国、印度之后,是全世界第七大经济体7OCCFxM0~kPt4p

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我是玛丽·高斯肖E@X)!!,xD8G

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重点单词
  • communityn. 社区,社会,团体,共同体,公众,[生]群落
  • directorn. 董事,经理,主管,指导者,导演
  • securityn. 安全,防护措施,保证,抵押,债券,证券
  • potentialadj. 可能的,潜在的 n. 潜力,潜能 n. 电位,
  • arrogancen. 傲慢,自大
  • assertivenessn. 魄力,自信
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支
  • estaten. 财产,房地产,状态,遗产
  • substancen. 物质,实质,内容,重要性,财产
  • administrationn. 行政,管理,行政部门