VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国总统大选 爱荷华州成为焦点
日期:2016-02-02 13:06

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Iowa Starts 'Caucus' Voting for US President

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People in Iowa will vote for presidential candidates in the Republican and Democratic parties Monday night.

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Public opinion studies show strong support for two candidates in each party.

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Businessman Donald Trump leads Senator Ted Cruz in the Republican race. Hillary Clinton leads Senator Bernie Sanders in the Democratic race.

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But both races are close.

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Although Sanders is running as a Democrat, he is an independent. He calls himself a democratic socialist.

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This voting in states like Iowa is called a caucus. A caucus lets voters of each political party – Democrat and Republican – say who they favor or prefer at this time.

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Candidates who win the support of voters in Iowa do not always win the presidency. In 1980, Ronald Reagan lost the Iowa vote but became the Republican party nominee. He won the presidency.

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There are 12 Republican candidates and three Democratic candidates.

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On Sunday, many of the candidates held events throughout Iowa. They spoke to their supporters and strongly criticized their opponents.

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Trump and Cruz are both trying to gain the support of the many Iowans who have strong Christian religious beliefs.

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Also on Sunday, Sanders and Clinton reached an agreement with Democratic party officials to have more debates. Many people in the party had asked for them.

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The next primary election will take place February 9 in the northeastern state of New Hampshire. Public opinion studies show Sanders has much more support in the state than Clinton. Sanders is from the state of Vermont, which borders New Hampshire.

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I'm Mario Ritter.

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词汇解析

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1.presidential candidate 总统侯选人

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The presidential candidate went on the stump

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总统候选人开始周游各地作竞选演说jcvD086f]ub&l

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2.at this time 此时,这时

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The answer at this time must be a qualified.

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目前的答案必然是有保留的lfvZMut4r5*bxb

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3.held events 举办活动

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The delegation, which held events in London and Chicago as part of its global recruiting tour.

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招聘团的全球招贤纳才之旅已经结束了两站:伦敦和芝加哥_E+ZB##+1AzRF%NOK]F

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4.win the support 获得支持

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Market economy is moral economy as well. Market economy has to win the support of business ethics.

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市场经济也是道德经济,市场经济必须让商业伦理做支撑K()z&3MbAn

内容解析

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1.They spoke to their supporters and strongly criticized their opponents.

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speak to 证明;对...说

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I want to speak to her in the matter of my salary.

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我想跟她谈谈我的薪水问题YKjZmjc8x3_

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Please speak to the subject under discussion.

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请针对讨论的问题发言%!6WO~pBQIh

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2.Also on Sunday, Sanders and Clinton reached an agreement with Democratic party officials to have more debates. Many people in the party had asked for them.

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reached an agreement 达成一致

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The two parties reached an agreement over the terms for the contract .

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双方对此合同中的条款达成一致意见X%XyItwhpZHL(Pt

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The three sides reached an agreement to stop the war.

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三方达成协议停止战争qiKjaf8[p9Jl|*rK*qM

参考译文

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美国总统大选 爱荷华州成为焦点

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周一晚间,爱荷华州公民将为共和党和民主党的总统候选人投票|Ffj4u_5&)[2f

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民意调查显示:两党各有一位候选人颇得民心OuO-LmJpR,-&

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在共和党竞选中,商人唐纳德.特朗普领先于参议员特德.克鲁斯Nhx#4HOPKb;-W%。而在民主党竞选中希拉里.克林顿领先于参议员伯尼.桑德斯T[pFjjLs!x|#UQ

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但这两场竞选都处于胶着状态1jR3ZLaWQg=Q@h3T^ld

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桑德斯虽作为民主党人参选,但他是独立人士|TtN+zk+M@ab35bkSe。他自称是民主社会主义者iP|GpTtrN*U

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美大选.jpg

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包括爱荷华州在内的诸多州的此类投票称为党团会议umejJq(bQx。党团会议旨在让每个政党(即民主党和共和党)的选民,表明自己的支持对象mWVS_Pc*w8%

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赢得爱荷华州选民支持的候选人不一定能赢得总统职位(Ye5+4tG-&!5gKr。1980年,罗纳德.里根虽在爱荷华州初选时败北,但他却成为共和党候选人,并最终就任总统一职(6L#@P1yeW(-pKM@+nD

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目前参选人员为12位共和党候选人以及3位民主党候选人|Wy*]JAOJ9-)J=b7nl6e

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上周日,许多候选人在爱荷华州各地举行活动%8~7kDM86x)FRjpi。他们发表演讲,并强烈抨击对手_iB&jW%#~fpmeri3#V

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特朗普和克鲁兹都希望赢得占大多数的具有强烈基督教信仰的爱荷华州人的支持,g1a2DCJce8VvBn1@G^

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同样是在周日,桑德斯和克林顿同民主党官员达成协议将会举行更多场辩论|~xpMZ&HiNcN]MYi。民主党内很多人都曾要求他们这样做&K1@Y(Ck3ffhhdsE03N

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下场初选将于2月9日在东北部的新罕布什尔州举行xas6!KtxT.,.o,。民意调查显示,桑德斯在该州的支持率远远超出克林顿wO)9[ix_S_h#mDvBo。桑德斯来自于同新罕布什尔州相邻的佛蒙特州i|1jw-hOHuZqJfcO(JO

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • globaladj. 全球性的,全世界的,球状的,全局的
  • ethicsn. 道德规范
  • votingn. 投票 动词vote的现在分词形式
  • caucusn. 干部会议,政党高层会议 vi. 开干部会议
  • spokev. 说,说话,演说
  • democraticadj. 民主的,大众的,平等的
  • independentadj. 独立的,自主的,有主见的 n. 独立派人士,无
  • primaryadj. 主要的,初期的,根本的,初等教育的 n. 最主
  • senatorn. 参议员
  • electionn. 选举