VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):非洲现"伊斯兰国"训练营
日期:2015-12-21 09:50

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Islamic State Looks for Oil, Recruits in Africa
The United States says it is concerned about the Islamic State group attracting recruits and acquiring resources in North Africa.
The forces fighting against IS in Syria and Iraq are retaking ground and oil fields.
While this is seen as a success, one U.S. government official says there is concern about recruits coming from Libya and parts of Egypt.
Anti-IS fighters in the northern part of Iraq are taking back territory and oil revenue. So IS looks for new sources of income.
Iraq's largest refinery was taken back from IS in October.
President Barack Obama says IS has lost 40 percent of the area it once controlled in Iraq.
In Syria, IS controls about 80 percent of the oil fields. But one U.S. official says production is slow and the group is not earning as much money from oil as it once did.
Oil refineries and transport trucks are targets, and oil prices are down by about half since 2014.
One U.S. official says IS is "looking at the oil assets in Libya and elsewhere. But we'll be prepared."
Libya's oil industry has suffered since the country's civil war started in 2011.
That makes Libya a potential recruiting ground for IS.
One defense official says "Libya is the next big thing for ISIL."
I'm Dan Friedell.

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词汇解析

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1.look for 期待;寻找

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He looks for courtesy from his subordinates, but he doesn't expect them to lick his boots.
他期待下属对他谦恭有礼,而不希望他们拍马奉承#x!,pC9&sfM|I3oH~)&z

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2.oil field 油田

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Lofty derricks dot the landscape in an oil field.
高耸的井架点缀着油田的景色DNU[bW~pd(as|]N[

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3.take back 收回;没收;退还

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This shop promises to take back any goods that don't satisfy the person who buys them.
该店保证,买主不满意的货物可以退货BR+Frtr6;8wCY

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4.oil refineries 炼油厂

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Oil refineries are huge "factories"where crude oil is separated into "fractions".
炼油厂是巨大的工厂,原油在这些工厂里分离成各种成分&[BBilUKKVvcRCszjL

内容解析

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1.The United States says it is concerned about the Islamic State group attracting recruits and acquiring resources in North Africa.

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concerned about 关心;担忧

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The whole society should be concerned about the health and sound growth of children.
全社会都应关心孩子的健康成长CJz^#fkh1[[
He was concerned about the recent blear in his vision.
他对他最近的视力模糊感到忧虑5g^|vZ~VS%Y

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2.The forces fighting against IS in Syria and Iraq are retaking ground and oil fields.

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fighting against 打击;抗争

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We are fighting against very heavy odds.
我们是在力量非常悬殊的情况下作战的,6b*KqRv^]
We must unite all the forces in fighting against the intruders.
我们必须团结一切力量抗击入侵者tMFS,Ox%75Yy4

参考译文

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非洲现“伊斯兰国”训练营
美军正密切监视极端组织“伊斯兰国”在北非招募新兵以及掠夺石油资源等行动z,2C1O|sNf3uov&2lxfn
叙利亚和伊拉克组织的打击“伊斯兰国”的部队正在一步步地夺回领地和油田-R6^|!!Rp6k]m^VmlZ
美国政府官员表示,虽然打击行动已初见成效,但对极端组织在利比亚以及埃及地区组建新兵营的动作仍然不可掉以轻心-^xGydIdMdzY@i2kN9
伊拉克北部的反“伊斯兰国”军队逐渐收复领土和石油资源GnR!uz3gs[6。因此,“伊斯兰国”不得不开始寻找新的收入来源Mwsy-b-,bF|a7q

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非洲现恐怖组织训练营.jpg
今年十月份,伊拉克最大的炼油厂从“伊斯兰国”手里解救出来j]+17*ecq5.S
奥巴马总统还表示,“伊斯兰国”因此丧失了所控伊拉克领土的40%Um.n)|4z&5b
“伊斯兰国”控制了叙利亚地区约80%的油田NniiYxc_CLGwP.2o&dQI。但美国官员表示因其生产效率低下,从石油中所获收益较之前来说少了许多4IfDmkTX_#(,
炼油厂和运输车是主要的原因,并且自2014年以来油价已下跌了一半左右ALwhZ3i5B#1J3S5hxh+
美国官员表示,“伊斯兰国”正密切关注利比亚以及其它地区的石油资源Wq7OqpvPykG#9-26q1h。但是我们也会提前做好应对准备W)x)B@&4G)!@6n9
2011年利比亚内战以来,该国的石油产业已经严重受损Tw)k5kftX;[zSRkLgcG6
因此,利比亚自然而然成为伊斯兰国未来的招募地区C5jDaiZS8~]
一位国防部官员称,“利比亚将是‘伊斯兰国’下一个目标+I2ps%y)lG;ad|&(6q。”
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • potentialadj. 可能的,潜在的 n. 潜力,潜能 n. 电位,
  • controlledadj. 受约束的;克制的;受控制的 v. 控制;指挥;
  • territoryn. 领土,版图,领域,范围
  • transportn. 运输、运输工具;(常用复数)强烈的情绪(狂喜或狂怒
  • separatedadj. 分居;分开的;不在一起生活的 v. 分开;隔开
  • landscapen. 风景,山水,风景画 v. 美化景观
  • loftyadj. 高的,高超的,傲慢的
  • concernedadj. 担忧的,关心的
  • defensen. 防卫,防卫物,辩护 vt. 防守
  • refineryn. 精练厂