VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):晕车能够提前预防,你相信吗?
日期:2015-12-16 12:07

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Could a Jolt to the Brain Stop Motion Sickness?
Some people can get motion sickness from being in moving vehicles such as cars or airplanes.
But, a new device could stop motion sickness by suppressing some signals in the brain.
Motion sickness occurs when the motion you sense with your inner ear is different from the motion you see. Symptoms of motion sickness are dizziness, nausea and vomiting. People have tried different ways to prevent the condition, including wrist bands and anti-nausea drugs.
But often, nothing works.
Now, scientists at Imperial College London are working on a device to counteract motion sickness.
Michael Gresty is an expert on the condition.
"You imagine being on a bicycle or motorbike; you go around the corner, you lean into the corner, which remains perfectly upright in physics.
"You don't do that in a car. You don't do that on a ship. You're actually struggling to find out what is upright and what's the best way of dealing with it."
The device sends a weak electrical current through electrodes placed on a person's head. The electric current appears to cause the brain to suppress signals that affect the inner ear.
Researcher Qadeer Arshad says the scientists found "that it took longer for the individual to develop motion sickness and that they also recovered faster."
The next step is to test the device outside the laboratory.
Michael Gresty says there are no reports of unwanted side effects from the small amounts of electricity released by the device.
The researchers hope a device that plugs into a smart phone and attaches to the head will be available within 10 years.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

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词汇解析

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1.motion sickness 晕车;晕动病

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For motion sickness, I took motion sickness pills.
因为晕车症候,我曾购买治晕药丸8WV7!1vP~x#Uhz~iR[

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2.such as 例如;比如

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Heroes such as Huang Jiguang will always live in the hearts of the people.
像黄继光这样的英雄人物, 将永远活在人民的心里zhQrlpyKKcLjh

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3.inner ear 内耳

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Time is therefore always ticking in their inner ear.
时钟的滴嗒声总是回荡在他们的耳边tB;]ZYq%xsapYoplJ

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4.wrist band 腕带

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I am honored to be associated with brave little Dustin by wearing this silver and leather wrist band.
我很荣幸能与勇敢的小姚明穿这件银和皮革手腕乐队E[G(P%UzTrufu

内容解析

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1.Now, scientists at Imperial College London are working on a device to counteract motion sickness.

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work on 致力于;从事于

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From now on you can work on your own.
你从现在起可以独立工作了~i7Hqv%FMe
You can work on more than one goal at once but only have one goal per area, to balance them out.
你可以一次从事几个目标,但是每个领域只能有一个目标,使它们平衡ymAJCqzc7^3su

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2."You don't do that in a car. You don't do that on a ship. You're actually struggling to find out what is upright and what's the best way of dealing with it."

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find out 发现;找出

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I'll find out the address,and ring you back.
我找到地址后再与你通电话N8.LuEWZUPofe%*
I shall make it my business to find out who is responsible.
我要查出这件事情是谁的责任88o=#wa(*6

参考译文

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刺激大脑能否防止晕车?
有些人在快速移动的交通工具上会晕车,例如乘坐汽车或飞机9B(_r_L5SP
但是,一种新的设备可以通过抑制大脑信号来有效预防晕车-(IZ5;BDTW+c
晕车是因为内耳感受到的移动速率与眼睛所看到产生差距所致@DY)G!&q4m。晕车的症状包括头晕、恶心、呕吐等0pf&YksSYl。人们已经在晕车这一问题上已尝试过多种办法,包括防晕车腕带以及一些抗恶心药物C|CcuM-Jd;.d&0o
但是这些办法并不总是奏效+SGb6EjryG9Cn+~
现在伦敦帝国理工学院的科学家正致力研发一种抗晕车的先进设备XAOTz=*]RY_2v6
迈克尔·格雷斯蒂是这个领域的专家iYeIkTpHn*fdz;6)6tk

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晕车.jpg
想象一下,当你骑着自行车和摩托车遇到拐弯处时,你的身体会朝着拐角处倾斜,从物理角度说你的身体还是保持着直立的姿态.3+k)5l6@BVCtKg
但如果你在车上或是船上的时候就另当别论了r]Op;F@Fj1JVj。其实关键就在于明白什么才算是直立以及如何保持直立的姿态swN=AIAXW0U。”
该设备通过在人体头部安放电极发送弱电流来达到防晕车的目的!bhPv9RijquVSww9。电流能够让大脑发出影响内耳的信号5%T3TGrk%O-M[IO
研究人员卡迪尔.艾尔沙德表示,科学家们发现,“这种装置大大降低了人们晕车的概率,即便晕车了也会很快恢复Ee1RA1G@.FRyi=u=wVL。”
接下来就开始进行人体测试-p#&^y&QsP_g@RYg,V7
格雷斯蒂表示,目前还没有发现这种设备所释放的弱电流有副作用uzB|ICpE^%oU[5pD=
研究人员希望未来十年内研制出一种可以插入智能手机来连接到头部的便携设备F_Q%d,;8YGFMM4ggdC78
我是乔纳森·埃文斯S90iPwvmlkf+V5CE5Q|

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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