VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):火鸡会引发火灾,你知道吗?
日期:2015-11-28 09:01

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Beware of Exploding Turkeys, Say Health Officials
Ask the majority of Americans about the highlight of a traditional Thanksgiving dinner, and they think of oven-roasted turkey.
But with the increased popularity in outdoor cooking, many Americans have moved out of the kitchen.
And they are diving into huge pots of nearly boiling oil.
Well, not the cooks, but their Thanksgiving turkeys.
In recent years, some Thanksgiving dinners feature a turkey immersed in a fryer filled with hot cooking oil.
Also called Cajun fried turkey, this type of cooking originated in the American south. Outdoor turkey frying started in Louisiana and Kentucky in the 1930s, according to Esquire magazine.
Fried turkey at Thanksgiving started to become popular in the 1980s. This Cajun cooking rage spread into the north United States quickly. Newspapers in New York and Ohio printed Cajun fried turkey recipes. Celebrities like Martha Stewart and Emeril Lagasse made bird frying wildly popular.
But, there is a problem.
Each year, fire departments respond to more than 1,000 fires related to deep fryers on Thanksgiving Day. These fires cause more than $15 million in property damage, according to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).
For the past seven years, the state of Texas led the United States with the most grease- and cooking-related injuries during the Thanksgiving holiday. The insurance company State Farm says 38 Texans have been burned by turkey roasters. The state of Illinois reported 27 injured. Pennsylvania and Ohio tied for third with 23 injuries each.
But it's no joke.
The most common injuries from turkey frying are severe burns caused by spilled or splattered oil.
The NFPA suggests holiday chefs to set up the fryer far away from any building. Make sure the turkey is completely thawed before frying, they say. A partially-thawed turkey will cause the oil to splatter. Frozen turkeys are full of water, and as the saying goes, oil and water do not mix.
Safety officials also warned about moving the fried turkey to the serving table. Hot oil can splash or spill easily.
Two years ago, a turkey fryer fire brought 23 fireman to a Charlotte, North Carolina home to control a blaze. The same year, a home in Minnesota was damaged by a turkey cookout.
I'm Anna Matteo.

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词汇解析

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1.beware of 对...小心;谨防...

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Beware of people stirring up trouble behind the scenes.
警惕有人在背后挑拨z*hNT7wp6P

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2.the majority of 大多数;大部分

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The majority of people seem to prefer TV to radio.
大部分人似乎喜欢看电视而不喜欢听收音机=FsGE3WgA.

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3.highlight 精彩部分;亮点

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The ball was the highlight of the London season.
那次舞会是伦敦社交活动时期的高潮[d=ux2H)3aoCnp-30r

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4.property damage 财产损失

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The flooding also resulted in thousands of millions of dollars in property damage.
洪水还造成了上百亿美元的财产损失uC[@x&vQJ996jnSRSk

内容解析

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1.In recent years, some Thanksgiving dinners feature a turkey immersed in a fryer filled with hot cooking oil.

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immersed in 沉迷于...;沉浸于...

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The whole city was immersed in a festival atmosphere.
全城沉浸在节日气氛之中YYb6EsQ&R#!w~Us

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I am wholly immersed in this business at present.
我目前完全投入于这工作t0Tv=h!Ylb%nLINJXAo

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2.Each year, fire departments respond to more than 1,000 fires related to deep fryers on Thanksgiving Day. These fires cause more than $15 million in property damage, according to the National Fire Protection Association.

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related to 与...有关;...相连

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Light industry is closely related to agriculture.
轻工业和农业有极密切的关系vV|wx]5WY.V

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The level of taxation is closely related to government spending.
征税的水平与政府的预算紧密联系在一起TsR)7M#]d.l^

参考译文

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火鸡会引发火灾,你知道吗?
要是问美国人传统感恩节晚餐的亮点是什么,他们一定会说是烤火鸡R*szq~*(9V]#!]R^
然而随着户外烹饪的流行开来,很多美国人更加倾向于在室外制作美味p*j)TuU;G#x
他们都深深地迷恋于一口口滚烫的油锅Zi8.bM]O7~q
当然了,并不是普通的烹饪,而是制作感恩节晚宴的火鸡9(EZKXTjXmJv-L=7
近些年来,感恩节晚宴时,人们通常会将火鸡放入滚烫的油锅里做为特色菜肴pQ=SM42zUc
也可以称为Cajun炸火鸡,这种做法起源于美国南部7SYHfDa7KQF4m~。《时尚先生》杂志曾刊登,在20世纪30年代,路易斯安那州和肯塔基州就开始流行室外炸火鸡了D[rJ2p=IIRf
20世纪80年代,感恩节时油炸火鸡开始大范围地流行起来KCXj))DK!YOx_Wh6L9g。这种Cajun烹饪方式迅速风靡美国北部SoS@p,]&5SzQ[Zwn&。当时纽约和俄亥俄州的报纸都在刊登这种油炸火鸡的制作方法n%Hs!8n8BMl8bYrfUw)。玛莎·斯图尔特以及埃默里尔·拉贾斯等名人使油炸火鸡更受大众欢迎,lD-]*NK7xhSp4zv
但是,还有一个关键的问题需要警醒大家_e6E_,=~+#)

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火鸡和火灾.jpg
每年的感恩节,消防部门会接到1000多个因油炸火鸡而造成火灾的求救电话U5mUOY|nI%.#!!o;oG。据美国国家消防协会统计,这些火灾造成的财产损失高达1500万美元ySAmSr,9==o=qFMdfURH
过去的七年里,每到感恩节假期,得克萨斯州因烹饪导致的受伤人数高居美国各州之首r|[lKd;@hh6hg)S。保险公司称有38位得克萨斯州居民被烤火鸡的炉子烫伤X-^gF-m1hO5kq=。伊利诺伊州每年的烧伤人数为27人Pt+[@2,fD[wsOsbyt。宾夕法尼亚州和俄亥俄州各有23人受伤,并列第三_bUsY2OXUItwl)#
千万不要觉得这只是个玩笑;wvvWZ_2npx2
最常见的就是因滚烫的油而造成的严重烧伤6mGv*jkSO6B~.P^0Pw
美国国家防火协会呼吁假期期间,炸锅应放置于远离屋舍的地方@QV=YZ8!Ki30。他们表示,在油炸火鸡前还要确保其是完全解冻的s9olIs.J@BugL^。没有完全解冻的火鸡会导致油花四溅,[+1DK52tHh_obM。因为冷冻的火鸡水分太多,那句话怎么说来着,油和水不相容pr-#^MaycH5|!iuB
国家安全部还警告了那些将油炸火鸡端送到餐桌上的餐馆(4%H|x|@YLR|。因为滚烫的油很容易飞溅或溢出&y&t1I!bwx00llSStP2
两年前,在北卡罗来纳州夏洛特市发生的一起因油炸火鸡导致的火灾,足足调动了23位消防员才控制住火势MA*svc0nV^。同年,明尼苏达州一户房屋因火鸡野炊遭到破坏8eQf3WLhbM&10Q
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • protectionn. 保护,防卫
  • insurancen. 保险,保险费,安全措施
  • relatedadj. 相关的,有亲属关系的
  • popularityn. 普及,流行,名望,受欢迎
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支
  • spillv. 溢出,洒,使 ... 流出,泄漏 n. 溢出,流
  • ragen. 狂怒,大怒,狂暴,肆虐,风行 v. 大怒,怒斥,激
  • popularadj. 流行的,大众的,通俗的,受欢迎的
  • respondv. 回答,答复,反应,反响,响应 n. [建]壁
  • traditionaladj. 传统的