Leaders of Southeast Asian nations are in Malaysia this weekend for talks on terrorism, territorial disputes and trade.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is the main political and economic organization for that area. The leaders summit is their last meeting before the launch of the ASEAN Economic Community, or AEC, on December 31.
The AEC will be equivalent to the world's seventh-largest economy. It was set up to create a highly competitive single market and production area.
Organizers hope it will ease the movement of capital, goods, investment, services and skilled labor across ASEAN countries. The goal is to make the whole area more competitive and economically successful.
But, some business leaders have low expectations for the ASEAN summit. Anthony Nelson is a director at the US-ASEAN Business Council in Washington. He believes that security will be an important issue at the meetings, especially after the terrorist attacks in Paris last week.
"The November summit includes the East Asia Summit, which primarily focuses on political and security issues. So that's going to be a big part of what is actually going on around the summit. A lot of the work that business gets really involved in tends to happen around the ASEAN economic ministers' meeting in August."
But, the AEC may have only limited influence on business activity when it comes into being next year. Experts expect little to change at first because there is still much to be done.
"The ASEAN single window, which is a customs project, is still very much a work in progress. But beginning next year they will start limited trials with five of the 10 ASEAN countries. And there have been past mutual recognition agreements for credentials of skilled professionals. But there's still a lot of work to be done in terms of actually implementing those agreements."
Some critics say the AEC will mainly help businesses, not the majority of people in Southeast Asia.
Earlier this year, the ASEAN Civil Society Conference and ASEAN Peoples' Forum expressed concern about regional economic integration. In a statement, the group said such a move would mean unequal and unsustainable economic growth. This, it said, would result "in worsening poverty and inequalities of wealth."
Jerald Joseph is co-chair of the ASEAN Peoples' Forum. He says people crossing borders to find employment need more protections.
He said: "Cross-border migrant workers don't have the same level of protection or interest in the whole negotiation. So that's a little bit of a pity, a wasted chance, if it's not reflected in the coming document."
The 27th ASEAN Summit includes the organization's partners. Nations including China, India, Japan and the United States are to attend.
I'm Mario Ritter.
The launch of their new machines in this factory received much media coverage.
2.competitive adj.竞争的，比赛的; （价格等）有竞争力的
The betting is that the experience will make Japan more competitive still.
Investment remains tiny primarily because of the exorbitant cost of land.
4.mutual adj.共有的; 共同的
He left the company by mutual consent last September.
5.implement vt.实施，执行; 使生效
Leadership is about the ability to implement change.
6.reflect vt.反射，反照; 表达; 显示
Their success does not necessarily reflect a leftward shift in politics.
1.The AEC will be equivalent to the world's seventh-largest economy.
be equivalent to相等[当]于…，等（同）于，与… 等效
Boldness and arrogance will be equivalent to scholarship.
2.The November summit includes the East Asia Summit, which primarily focuses on political and security issues.
focus on致力于; 使聚焦于
Their talks are expected to focus on arms control.
3.The ASEAN single window, which is a customs project, is still very much a work in progress.
Morning parade was in progress on the parade ground.
4.But there's still a lot of work to be done in terms of actually implementing those agreements."
in terms of就…而言
There is a substantial payback in terms of employee and union relations.
5.But, the AEC may have only limited influence on business activity when it comes into being next year.
come into being产生; 诞生
Magazines come into being to voice the new sentiments in the air.
东南亚国家联盟(The Association of Southeast Asian Nations，简称ASEAN)是该地区主要的政治和经济组织。本次领导人峰会是12月31日东盟经济共同体(ASEAN Economic Community,简称AEC)成立前的最后一次会议 。
但是，一些企业领导人对东盟峰会期望值很低。Anthony Nelson是位于华盛顿的美国-东盟商务理事会董事 。他认为，安全将成为这次会议上的重要议题，尤其是在上周巴黎发生恐怖袭击事件之后 。
“十一月的峰会包括东亚峰会，主要集中在政治和安全方面。因此这将会成为这次峰会的重要组成部分 。企业真正参与进来的诸多工作主要在8月份的东盟经济部长会议上 。”
“东盟单一窗口很大程度上是仍在进展中的海关项目。但是从明年起，他们将会在东盟10国中的5个国家中试点运行 。而且已经通过了技术专业人才证书的互认协议 。但是目前要实际执行这些协议仍然任重而道远 。”
今年早些时候，东盟民间团体会议暨东盟人民论坛表达了对区域经济一体化的担忧。该组织在一份声明中表示，此举将意味着经济增长的不平等和不可持续 。这会导致贫困以及财富不平等现象的加剧 。
Jerald Joseph是东盟人民论坛的联合主席。他说，跨境求职的人们需要得到更多保护 。