VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):交通事故已成青少年的"头号杀手"
日期:2015-10-27 10:23

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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No. 1 Killer Among Youth? Traffic Accidents
Road traffic crashes kill 1.25 million people each year worldwide.
But the World Health Organization (WHO) says they are preventable.
The report surveyed 180 countries, and it shows the number of annual deaths from traffic crashes is stabilizing. And that is good news as the number of motor vehicles grows worldwide.
But the data also show that road crashes are the No. 1 cause of death among young people aged 15 to 29.
Young adults around the world are the worst driving risks. Even in the U.S., drivers aged 15 to 24 account for about 30 percent of all driving-related accidents.
The WHO report also finds a big gap in road safety and deaths between poor and rich countries. Poor countries have only 54 percent of the world's vehicles. But those countries have some of the worst safety statistics in the report.
"Africa has only two percent of the world's vehicles, but has the highest death rate on the road." That is what Etienne Krug, the head of the WHO Department of Non-communicable Diseases, says.
Sweden, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom are leaders in preventing traffic deaths. The highest death rates are in Africa and the Middle East.
Stronger road safety laws and stricter vehicle safety requirements in developing countries would prevent many accidents.
Legislation can quickly influence driving behavior. In only three years, 17 countries became safer by implementing tougher road safety laws.
Some of those laws include banning drunk driving, requiring cyclists and motorcycle drivers to wear helmets and making safety belts mandatory in all vehicles.
There are other ways to make roads safer. Good trauma care after a crash can cut the number of deaths from road injuries in half.
The statistics are part of the "Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015," launched on Monday in Geneva.
I'm Mario Ritter.

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词汇解析

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1.traffic accident 交通事故;车祸

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Her blindness of both eyes resulted from a traffic accident.
她的双目失明是由于一次交通事故造成的TVq0e|CPUyDjz

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2.preventable 可预防的;可阻止的

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Every day, approximately 1000 women die from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth.
每天,约有1000名妇女死于与妊娠和分娩有关的可预防疾病Uk|onNG@PJY

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3.non-communicable 非传染性的

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By two thousand thirty, non-communicable conditions are expected to cause more than three-fourths of all deaths.
到2030年,非传染病导致的死亡人数预计将超过总死亡人数的四分之三3|q~pcf;@^b%Nna0

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4.mandatory 强制的;托管的;命令的

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Counseling is available, but not mandatory.
他们可以接受心理咨询,但没有人强制他们这样做dyu@,~Xk(M4yQTH

内容解析

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1.Young adults around the world are the worst driving risks. Even in the U.S., drivers aged 15 to 24 account for about 30 percent of all driving-related accidents.

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account for 对...负有责任;对...作出解释

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How do you account for the accident?
你怎么解释那场事故?

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We always have to look around us and account for all the evidence.
我们总是四周观察,并对所有证据都作出解释R6KdA*dC#vJ*j&S

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2.The report surveyed 180 countries, and it shows the number of annual deaths from traffic crashes is stabilizing. And that is good news as the number of motor vehicles grows worldwide.

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the number of ...的数目;...的数量

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The number of tourists is tailing off.
游客的人数正在减少pwTK87Jd(R

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The number of these rebels may be much bigger than you think.
这些逃课学生的人数可能远比你想象的要多得多2LqIYj+!#Bc|RGX13

参考译文

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交通事故已成全球青少年的“头号杀手”
全球每年死于道路交通事故的人数高达125万WL&^f&-dBvAR
但世界卫生组织(WHO)表示这些事故是可以预防的TP|9Rg-z).7U])PFu~
在对180个国家进行调查后,报道显示每年因交通事故丧生的人数呈稳定趋势Wn^.c2JyDZYBPDk5FX。鉴于全球机动车辆日益增长的情况,这也是个好消息a~Yr)4D-_Omx*%9
然而该数据还指出,交通事故已成全球15岁到29岁青少年的“头号杀手”me*)YZ72Qn+S!
全球的青少年都面临着一触即发的驾驶风险IzrHUc3^7-pzYdn.mZnT。即使是在美国,交通事故中15岁至24岁的驾驶员所占比例高达30%cQ_WIXAhyW7@o
该报告还表明,经济落后国家与经济发达国家的道路安全以及死亡人数存在着很大的差距+zKzV.n-+g|Cq。落后国家拥有的机动车辆占全球54%6@M#vsO[%wp1)9r6I~R8。但是这些国家的交通安全状况不容乐观MtxO4HFGB*bsWwd

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“非洲的机动车辆虽只占全球机动车辆的2%,但因交通事故造成的死亡率却是最高的VL~QDOqa%r([^,。”世界卫生组织非传染性疾病管理司的司长克拉格说道SUEz]5n]u;S
瑞典、荷兰以及英国在预防交通事故方面比较领先;b9OYfGu0.PP8xVNvNR。而非洲以及中东地区的交通事故死亡率最高EJ)7rIV3%v+)Nnl!
发展中国家需完善道路安全相关法律以及制定更加严格的车辆安全要求,这样才能够有效预防交通事故的发生.iVM7c@A77Mry.TkUm
法律可以在最短时间内规范驾驶行为Bj*=[X!4hL-U。仅仅三年时间,就有17个国家因落实严格的道路安全法而有效减少了交通事故-BNX4F4RUa3sZ&g,j
法律中也包括禁止醉酒驾驶,并明确要求自行车以及摩托车的驾驶员佩戴头盔,而机动车辆的人员须系安全带~32qbCSw.2IX#xC
此外,还有其他方法来提高道路的安全性(ArK6|ZL7m。事故之后,进行完善的创伤救助能使死亡人数减半JoF.wsb+kBfK
这些数据出自周一在日内瓦发布的《2015年全球道路安全报告》pI[!=LZ]b;
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • availableadj. 可用的,可得到的,有用的,有效的
  • relatedadj. 相关的,有亲属关系的
  • statusn. 地位,身份,情形,状况
  • blindnessn. 失明;无知;[军]盲区
  • pregnancyn. 怀孕
  • globaladj. 全球性的,全世界的,球状的,全局的
  • preventableadj. 可预防的;可阻止的;可防止的
  • legislationn. 立法,法律
  • evidencen. 根据,证据 v. 证实,证明
  • mandatoryadj. 命令的,强制性的,受委托的 n. 受托管理者