VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国人最害怕什么?
日期:2015-10-26 10:20

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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What Do Americans Fear Most?
Do you think Americans are more afraid of possible terrorist attacks or U. S. government corruption?
If you guessed U.S. government corruption, you would be correct. It turns out Americans are more afraid of U.S. government corruption than a possible terrorist attack!
At least that is what a Chapman University survey found. The researchers say 58 percent of people they asked said they were either afraid, or very afraid, of corruption by government officials. 44.4 percent fear man-made disasters, like terrorist attacks.
Government corruption tops the list of 88 possible fears and anxieties that people were asked about. The university questioned 1,541 people across the country.
Almost half of Americans say they fear cyberterrorism. They also fear having their online information tracked by the government and corporations.
The university survey grouped fear into 10 major categories. They include crime, personal anxieties and technology. They also include both man-made and natural disasters. The rest of the top 10 fears were corporate tracking personal information, terror attacks, biological warfare, identity theft, running out of money, and credit card fraud.
In the end, people seem to be more afraid of man-made disasters than those nature gives us.
When it comes to natural disasters, the ones most-feared are pandemics – not hurricanes or earthquakes. Fear of reptiles, like snakes, tops the list of personal anxieties. The main environmental concern is global warming.
When the subject is daily life, death is what people fear most.
Also, some on the list of fears were not so surprising, like war, insects, loneliness, the dark, and a fear of heights.
I'm Anne Ball.

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词汇解析

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1.identity theft 身份盗窃;身份盗用

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He's a software programmer indicted for security code infiltration, identity theft.
他是个软件设计师 擅长侵入高级安全代码z(nxT@#g~4eInDp8a_g.

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2.corruption 贪污;腐败;堕落

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So long as capitalism exists, corruption can never be cleaned up.
只要资本主义还存在,贪污现象就不可能清除干净YPp(&oBO[w%Bd~j

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3.terrorist attack 恐怖袭击

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The street bristle with armed guards after the latest terrorist attack.
最近一次恐怖分子攻击后,街道上武装警卫遍布lDHKFbLRMQ

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4.man-made 人造的;人工的;人为地

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China has also sent up some man-made earth satellites.
中国也发射了几颗人造地球卫星AmW.LJ|M7mY^

内容解析

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1.If you guessed U.S. government corruption, you would be correct. It turns out Americans are more afraid of U.S. government corruption than a possible terrorist attack!

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turn out 证明;关掉

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Be calm and sit tight and everything will turn out well.
保持镇静,顺其自然,一切都会好转BW,|ye]0.7|BT9jc

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Remember to turn out the lights before you go to bed.
临睡前别忘了关灯nC^=#2s!Bu%jq

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2.When it comes to natural disasters, the ones most-feared are pandemics – not hurricanes or earthquakes. Fear of reptiles, like snakes, tops the list of personal anxieties. The main environmental concern is global warming.

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When it comes to 当提到;就...而论

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He's pretty sharp when it comes to feathering his own nest.
捞起钱来他倒是很精明的4Ha+--[D&FrLs8U-

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When it comes to talking about patriotism, he's an extremist.
一谈到爱国主义, 他就很偏激-o~t=G68]#[IJ(D*4d

参考译文

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美国人最害怕什么?
你认为美国人最害怕恐怖袭击还是政府的贪污腐败?
如果你的答案是政府的腐败问题,那么恭喜你答对了FGU[~r*#m^+_4。事实证明,与恐怖袭击想比,美国人更害怕美国政府的腐败!
此结论是美国查普曼大学调查发现的QEk)v=UEJT_JJfv+jh1G。研究人员表示,受访的民众中58%的人害怕或者非常害怕政府官员的腐败问题%04coBEfcp(hm[*ngW。而44.4%的人表示更加害怕人为灾难,比如说:恐怖袭击fKVa57!bT%(
在一份列有88类恐惧事件的名单中,政府腐败高居榜首ZT!kS4mkryB9~2#HGfs。查普曼大学从全国各地挑选出1541名群众进行这项调查问卷9R(Stq~WWTU*NZo

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美国人最害怕什么.jpg
另外,近一半的美国人表示他们害怕网络恐怖主义Xlk~Mo5f1]U7@4Dg。此外,他们还担心政府和企业会追踪他们的网上个人信息qEa_*YSEQlIZ4*YL
查普曼大学将这些恐惧事件归为10大类5iM9tVHxuihRO+@。包括犯罪,自身恐惧、技术,人为灾难、自然灾害)|Jx!56%Gv2r。剩下的几类包括企业跟踪个人信息、恐怖袭击、生物战争、身份盗用、生活拮据、信用卡诈骗wvHHuv;jh^m[g
最后值得一提的是,比起自然灾害带来的伤害,人们似乎更害怕人为灾害造成的创伤X=u)twfHEL1vL
说到自然灾害,最让人胆战心惊的不是飓风也不是地震,而是传染病vOjcmfBTDx@kqpH。而爬行动物一栏中,蛇是最令人害怕的动物@1Xnq%)QqExHQ。全球变暖则当选为最让人胆寒的环境问题ND6e9Kd=QQsGk
在日常生活中,死亡无疑是最让人心生恐惧的事情VnFanP+cHIqrAFiR
此外,名单上还出现了一些恐惧程度较轻的名称,例如战争,昆虫,孤独,黑暗以及恐高L**HZ5s*HXY
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • corporateadj. 社团的,法人的,共同的,全体的
  • fraudn. 骗子,欺骗,诈欺
  • patriotismn. 爱国主义,爱国心
  • coden. 码,密码,法规,准则 vt. 把 ... 编码,制
  • globaladj. 全球性的,全世界的,球状的,全局的
  • corruptionn. 腐败,堕落,贪污
  • infiltrationn. 渗透;渗透物
  • warfaren. 战争,冲突
  • identityn. 身份,一致,特征
  • securityn. 安全,防护措施,保证,抵押,债券,证券