VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):土耳其民众不满当前政府
日期:2015-10-21 10:23

(单词翻译:单击)

u.mohhBiw-dtDPhh#bVe7pr76|^,K|

听力文本

f6oXDFZ[~4X6U%4vxjm

Report Shows Distrust and Division in Turkey
A new study of public opinion in Turkey shows deep divisions in how the Turkish people view their country and the world around them. This study comes as Turkey heads towards a parliamentary election on November 1.
The survey reports on two major issues: distrust of major powers outside of Turkey and fear for Turkey's economy in the future.
The Pew Research Center is an independent organization that studies social trends around the world. The center collected the opinions of the Turkish people as part of its Spring 2015 Global Attitudes survey. This survey gathered opinions between March and May 2015.
The results of the survey show that Turkish people have negative opinions of many foreign powers. Fifty-eight percent see the U.S. negatively and 64 percent see Russia the same way. Forty-nine percent see the European Union negatively. But, 55 percent still want Turkey to become a member of the EU.
Turkey is a member of NATO. However, 47 percent say that Turkey should not use military force to defend a NATO ally if Russia attacked the ally. In addition, only 38 percent support the U.S.-led effort to fight the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq.
Another important issue covered was the future of Turkey's economy. Fifty-two percent of Turks believe their children will face poor financial situations when they grow up. People also listed rising prices and lack of job opportunities among their top concerns.
Cenzig Aktar is political scientist with Suleyman Sah University in Istanbul. He says this will cause big problems for President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his political party, AKP.
"When we recall that the AKP has got its past successes thanks to the state of the economy, this tells us quite a bit about the disappointment of the voters. So this is very worrisome for the AKP, I'm afraid."
The AKP lost its majority control of the Turkish parliament after an election on June 7. AKP and opposition groups have since failed to work together. As a result, President Erdogan called for new elections on November 1.
However, these elections may not be good for the president's party. Fifty-one percent of Turks have a negative opinion of him. Forty-nine percent are unhappy with how the current government is working as well.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

f[l1;pE2Il6-

词汇解析

hTA])N3WX6EU_%&S

1.parliamentary election 议会选举;国会选举

v2Bs;5W8n7^3mZZ!a(

That party lost 15 seats in the parliamentary election.
该党在议会选举中失去了十五席位,A9MC0^%]1

EL9-pUp)mm&AkcuJ

2.major powers 大国势力;强权势力

nirHb#M!c@NC&PZ+mLsk

Command of the peace-keeping operations is either directly controlled by the UN general secretary, or approved by the Security Council and authorized by the general secretary to some regional organizations or major powers.
维和行动的指挥权可由联合国秘书长直接控制,或者经安理会批准,由秘书长授权交给某些区域性组织或某些大国PH9Iu9XT3@jRZ4iC

ofsn5,eowtqLQR

3.disappointment 失望;沮丧

)+=I^]!P4r-)%n

Despite his disappointment, he managed a smile.
尽管他很失望, 还是强颜为笑O.7tZLs7=l=j7HmyJKj

U7b&!jKpYJ94kY[ln

4.worrisome 令人烦恼的;令人不安的

6gF;uRj;C_g[Dt

She thought about the whole worrisome affair with confused unhappiness for a few days.
她在心里盘算着这件恼人的事情,好几天为之心烦意乱,郁郁不乐3z+pEVT#m&e~QbPNYIP

内容解析

Lypp5*jZUA3Sg[

1.The results of the survey show that Turkish people have negative opinions of many foreign powers. Fifty-eight percent see the U.S. negatively and 64 percent see Russia the same way. Forty-nine percent see the European Union negatively. But, 55 percent still want Turkey to become a member of the EU.

eJ@23~[B|-x~+S^W

a member of 成员之一;...的一员

*Pv]f#sVEl3S+2S[rGp

Our teacher is a member of the Chinese Communist Party.
我们的老师是中国共产党党员t|g!vFe!rCF52b(FBy_

_Gd0kC(g[v~0^d0PO

I feel that what you'd really like to be a member of Parliament.
我看你的真正志向应当是当一名议员qyUb+*F@;FW^sL

3Y^o6Gw5J&UOk,U@H

2.Turkey is a member of NATO. However, 47 percent say that Turkey should not use military force to defend a NATO ally if Russia attacked the ally. In addition, only 38 percent support the U.S.-led effort to fight the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq.

j*&w^Pt|Eq&X)jxQH

military force 军事力量;武装力量

wNSe=0Nrr[)L

The key to respect in the region is economic power rather than mere military force.
在这一地区赢得尊重的关键在于经济实力而不是单纯的军事实力a^7ctamhFrfTp&fbz.

hpQO;jA9#(r

Since their occupation of Wuhan, they have come to realize that military force alone cannot subjugate China and have therefore resorted to political offensives and economic blandishments.
因为日本帝国主义在占领武汉后,知道单用武力不能屈服中国,乃着手于政治进攻和经济引诱Y-ZHZb22fFLvai.@(C

参考译文

O.IA(FLNFl=

民意调查揭露土耳其民众对政府的不满
一份有关土耳其民意的最新调查显示,土耳其人对自己的国家以及周边国家的看法存在严重分歧sE5%rr8!ZC#P。之所以进行该调查是因为土耳其即将于11月1号举行议会选举)#xEO6;5x7YI
此项调查主要针对两大问题:对土耳其周边的其他国家的不信任以及对土耳其未来经济形势的担忧7.KV9.|@S^!L(FWmR8vx
皮尤研究中心是一个研究全球社会趋势的独立组织m,V8B;FwIa。该中心将收集起来的土耳其人民的观点作为2015年春季全球态度报告的一部分+AZ[)Yn#Bl5=n。该项收集民意的调查在2015年三月至五月期间进行Ohl!lzNUa&_P
调查结果显示,土耳其人民对很多外国强权势力都持有负面评论w=~bH0H0x7(zHVI。58%的土耳其人对美国持有负面看法,而64%的人对俄罗斯的看法亦是如此YUq]i8Or&a6。49%的人对欧盟也抱有负面的观点dvf;@[dC9c-^3S@uj*OE。此外,仍有55%的人希望土耳其成为欧盟成员国5,_GW6Dl(&
土耳其是北大西洋公约组织(NATO)成员国8Gr&c3M]-Y[ypi。然而47%的土耳其人表示,如果俄罗斯进攻同盟国,土耳其不应当使用武力捍卫NATO1EB;&W3K)M[b;dZDuqD*。此外,只有38%的人支持以美国为首的国家在叙利亚和伊拉克反抗“伊斯兰国”的做法~*)bbTc]L2[

Ba*or~hg7)[vK

土耳其民众不满.jpg
该民意调查涉及的另外一个问题是土耳其经济的未来anPvz_B;jHt。52%的土耳其人都认为孩子长大后将赶上不景气的金融形势~uDK%M,nQB]#d;1。此外,人们最担心的还包括不断上涨的物价以及工作机会的缺乏等问题=|4FkkbZOP3lFV~5
Cengiz Aktar是伊斯坦布尔Suleyman Sah大学政治学教授|uT*sK6OPL。他表示这会为总统埃尔多安及其正义与发展党(AKP)带来很多困扰VZnuoO.VkvK=D%
我们可以回想一下当初正义与发展党(AKP)因其声称改变经济现状而赢得大选,这就意味着选民的愿望落空了WYO=i&xWl=t=Wp^*sY。恐怕这对于正义与发展党(AKP)来说,是个棘手的问题stqgpk&_Iw3W1
6月7号的选举过后,AKP失去了土耳其议会的大多数席位LR3)Ro8%-z,*。自此,AKP与反对派团体便不再能共同合作9T.Hc5eCON。因此,总统埃尔多安呼吁于11月1号进行一次新的选举-fg_2lsE_sSn)%bV
然而,这些选举可能对总统的党派产生不利的影响F9Eaj8KQ&&^,vF3%!gX。51%的土耳其人不喜欢现任总统3mo-w2gO%F。而49%的人对现任政府的工作结果也并不满意kTj7uP0f[cQW
我是乔纳森·伊万斯VT&,p~Dvjsg9Q^W@&)J

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

j*AJr^+t2=S-x*dk0vU,p,*K0^GU(F=.vqwu+lD0U[6u3yk@
分享到
重点单词
  • allyn. 同盟者,同盟国,伙伴 v. (使)结盟,(使)联合
  • currentn. (水、气、电)流,趋势 adj. 流通的,现在的,
  • majorityn. 多数,大多数,多数党,多数派 n. 法定年龄
  • controlledadj. 受约束的;克制的;受控制的 v. 控制;指挥;
  • distrustn. 不信任 vt. 不信任
  • subjugatevt. 征服,使服从,抑制
  • commandn. 命令,指挥,控制 v. 命令,指挥,支配 n. [
  • independentadj. 独立的,自主的,有主见的 n. 独立派人士,无
  • issuen. 发行物,期刊号,争论点 vi. & vt 发行,流
  • unhappyadj. 不快乐的,不高兴的