UN Talks Focus on Too Many Toxic Chemicals
Only a small number of the 100,000 chemicals sold worldwide have been safety tested.
An international conference on chemicals has a plan that could prevent more than 1 million people from dying every year from chemical-related issues.
The UN says the infant death rate from chemical causes is 12 times higher in developing countries than in developed countries. Lead causes about 600,000 new cases of mental disabilities in children every year.
Conference delegates said it is important to gather more information about chemicals and how they can harm us.
More than 800 delegates of the United Nations Environment Program met for a week. They included government officials, members of the chemical industry and leaders of civil society.
They agreed on a plan to reduce the risk of death and injury from chemicals. Because the plan is not fully funded, there is some worry that it will not be carried out.
Olga Speranskaya helps lead an international group of more than 700 organizations. Her group works to fight dangerous chemicals. It also helps people who have been contaminated by farm pesticides, mercury and other toxic products.
She says her group is pleased with the plan that was approved by the conference delegates. She says if the risk reduction activities that the delegates called for are put into place, there will be a "reduction of toxic exposure on human health and the environment."
But she is not sure the plan will be put into place by 2020, as the delegates hope. She says the chemicals management program has received funds of only $27 million. She says it needs $100 million to pay for all of the actions the delegates called for.
I'm Jim Tedder.
He was elected as a delegate to the annual conference.
They may contain toxic substances which have an adverse effect on biological systems.
Mercury has a much greater density than water.
The risk of damaging the vehicles increases as the exposure time increases.
1.The UN says the infant death rate from chemical causes is 12 times higher in developing countries than in developed countries. Lead causes about 600,000 new cases of mental disabilities in children every year.
mental disabilities 智力障碍；智力缺陷
The special education class contained the slow learners, those with physical or mental disabilities, or those whose behavior made it hard for them to learn.
Do you have any physical or mental disabilities which may affect your ability to earn a living or take full care of yourself?
2.They agreed on a plan to reduce the risk of death and injury from chemicals. Because the plan is not fully funded, there is some worry that it will not be carried out.
carried out 实施；贯彻；施行
These operations have been carried out according to schedule.
A drastic reformation of the present housing system has been carried out.
联合国代表发言称，在发展中国家，由于化学品造成的婴儿死亡率比发达国家高12倍 。每年，会有60万例因为铅导致儿童智力障碍的新发病例 。
联合国环境规划署的800多名代表参加了为期一周的会议 。他们当中包括政府官员、化工行业代表以及社会领袖 。
他们商议决定了一套方案，目标就是减少化学品所带来的伤害 。但由于该方案的资金不足，因此此方案是否会被执行还是个未知数 。
斯佩兰斯卡亚（Olga Speranskaya）协助管理着一个由700多个组织构成的国际组 。这个国际组织致力于对抗危险化学品 。该组织还为那些受到农业杀虫剂、汞和其他有毒化学品危害的人们提供帮助 。
她表示，她的团队很认可与会代表们所研究的方案 。她还称如果与会代表们所呼吁的这项降低感染风险的举措可以实施，那么影响人类健康和环境的有毒物质也会减少 。
斯佩兰斯卡亚不敢保证，该方案是否会跟与会代表们所希望的那样于2020年落实到位 。因为化学品管理计划目前只筹得了2700万的资金 。她表示，与会代表们所呼吁的所有行动需要1亿的资金支持 。