VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):联合国会谈关注有害化学物质
日期:2015-10-13 09:06

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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UN Talks Focus on Too Many Toxic Chemicals
Only a small number of the 100,000 chemicals sold worldwide have been safety tested.
An international conference on chemicals has a plan that could prevent more than 1 million people from dying every year from chemical-related issues.
The UN says the infant death rate from chemical causes is 12 times higher in developing countries than in developed countries. Lead causes about 600,000 new cases of mental disabilities in children every year.
Conference delegates said it is important to gather more information about chemicals and how they can harm us.
More than 800 delegates of the United Nations Environment Program met for a week. They included government officials, members of the chemical industry and leaders of civil society.
They agreed on a plan to reduce the risk of death and injury from chemicals. Because the plan is not fully funded, there is some worry that it will not be carried out.
Olga Speranskaya helps lead an international group of more than 700 organizations. Her group works to fight dangerous chemicals. It also helps people who have been contaminated by farm pesticides, mercury and other toxic products.
She says her group is pleased with the plan that was approved by the conference delegates. She says if the risk reduction activities that the delegates called for are put into place, there will be a "reduction of toxic exposure on human health and the environment."
But she is not sure the plan will be put into place by 2020, as the delegates hope. She says the chemicals management program has received funds of only $27 million. She says it needs $100 million to pay for all of the actions the delegates called for.
I'm Jim Tedder.

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词汇解析

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1.delegate 代表;委托;委员

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He was elected as a delegate to the annual conference.
他被选为年会代表8(XP_73NZ-sg(8YvNj

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2.toxic 有毒的;中毒的

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They may contain toxic substances which have an adverse effect on biological systems.
工业废水中含有对生物处理系统有不良影响的有毒物质6SBjksK7z^s6J0

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3.mercury 汞;水银

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Mercury has a much greater density than water.
水银的密度比水大得多*,JtK(DZax7@bd|gjfB|

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4.exposure 暴露;曝光

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The risk of damaging the vehicles increases as the exposure time increases.
飞行器被破坏的危险性随着暴露时间的增大而增加6hNix0ZMj+;

内容解析

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1.The UN says the infant death rate from chemical causes is 12 times higher in developing countries than in developed countries. Lead causes about 600,000 new cases of mental disabilities in children every year.

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mental disabilities 智力障碍;智力缺陷

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The special education class contained the slow learners, those with physical or mental disabilities, or those whose behavior made it hard for them to learn.
特殊教育班的学生学习上反应迟钝,有的身体或大脑有残障,还有一些由于行为问题而造成学习困难Q,d1=bS.bi8

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Do you have any physical or mental disabilities which may affect your ability to earn a living or take full care of yourself?
你是否有任何影响你谋生或照料自己的生理或智力缺陷?

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2.They agreed on a plan to reduce the risk of death and injury from chemicals. Because the plan is not fully funded, there is some worry that it will not be carried out.

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carried out 实施;贯彻;施行

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These operations have been carried out according to schedule.
这些行动已按预定计划实施PylC|Rf3YEz3rT&

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A drastic reformation of the present housing system has been carried out.
目前的住房制度正在彻底改革LM,%9.mlvr66r@#

参考译文

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联合国会谈关注有害化学物质
在销往世界各地的10万多类化学品中,只有其中的一小部分进行过安全检测xxzq.Sg=hP=6@7eo7*
一次关于化学品的国际会议中总结出了一套可靠的方案,此方案可以使每年至少一百多万人免于化学品的死亡危害50L1QGustf
联合国代表发言称,在发展中国家,由于化学品造成的婴儿死亡率比发达国家高12倍i8[,~+e4JwgX5@。每年,会有60万例因为铅导致儿童智力障碍的新发病例5*4208=W(g*yc;#e
与会代表称,收集有关化学品的信息及其可能带来的危害,这一点至关重要imj[qnVEuqgIYM]CBaB
联合国环境规划署的800多名代表参加了为期一周的会议rBicj12owh7ffu。他们当中包括政府官员、化工行业代表以及社会领袖Dhs3_o4DF;Y8te
他们商议决定了一套方案,目标就是减少化学品所带来的伤害kF*Bj[4R=4aq-。但由于该方案的资金不足,因此此方案是否会被执行还是个未知数2_d%L=]pFn9V@y

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联合国化学危害.png
斯佩兰斯卡亚(Olga Speranskaya)协助管理着一个由700多个组织构成的国际组+T(2V#~QS2XSoX#6^d@。这个国际组织致力于对抗危险化学品KM%q(Vg_*iYgDdse4t4N。该组织还为那些受到农业杀虫剂、汞和其他有毒化学品危害的人们提供帮助dIwPXc8(Oqh0
她表示,她的团队很认可与会代表们所研究的方案MO_0pGrvUqKv@+。她还称如果与会代表们所呼吁的这项降低感染风险的举措可以实施,那么影响人类健康和环境的有毒物质也会减少Z_JL;)diY([7
斯佩兰斯卡亚不敢保证,该方案是否会跟与会代表们所希望的那样于2020年落实到位i_zu(s=FKrhte!%PPhJ。因为化学品管理计划目前只筹得了2700万的资金)jVC*~.xmQk,。她表示,与会代表们所呼吁的所有行动需要1亿的资金支持+hQ6xQfsIep2u5TU#
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • mentaladj. 精神的,脑力的,精神错乱的 n. 精神病患者
  • densityn. 密集,密度,透明度
  • delegaten. 代表 vt. 派 ... 为代表,委派 vi. 委
  • containvt. 包含,容纳,克制,抑制 vi. 自制
  • containedadj. 泰然自若的,从容的;被控制的 v. 包含;遏制
  • gatherv. 聚集,聚拢,集合 n. 集合,聚集
  • reductionn. 减少,缩小,(化学)还原反应,(数学)约分
  • preventv. 预防,防止
  • affectvt. 影响,作用,感动
  • fundsn. 基金;资金,现金(fund的复数) v. 提供资金