VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):诺贝尔医学奖的获得者
日期:2015-10-12 13:08

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Ireland, Japan, China Scientists Share Nobel Prize for Medicine
The first of the 2015 Nobel Prizes has been announced. Sweden's Nobel Prize committee says the Nobel Prize for medicine will go to scientists from Ireland, Japan and China.
William Campbell from Ireland and Satoshi Omura from Japan share the prize for their discovery of the drug avermectin. The Nobel committee praised their work on what it calls a "novel therapy." The treatment fights infections caused by roundworm parasites.
The prize for medicine is also going to Chinese researcher Tu Youyou. She discovered artemisinin. Artemisinin is a drug that has sharply lowered the number of people who die from malaria.
The committee said the discoveries have given the world powerful news ways to fight two powerful diseases. It said those diseases affect hundreds of millions of people every year. The committee added that, "The consequences in terms of improved human health and reduced suffering are immeasurable."
Ms. Tu is the chief professor at the China Academy of Traditional Medicine. She is also the first Chinese citizen to be awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine. Mr. Campbell currently works as a research fellow emeritus at Drew University in New Jersey. Mr. Omura has two doctorate degrees -- one in pharmaceutical sciences, the other in chemistry. He is professor emeritus at Kitasato University in Japan.
Doctors are now using avermectin to treat river blindness and lymphatic filariasis. Mr. Omura told the Associated Press that the drug resulted from a substance taken from a microbe found on a golf course near Tokyo. The researcher said he always carries a plastic bag so he can collect soil samples.
When asked if he likes to play golf, he smiled and said, "yes."
A member of the Nobel committee, also spoke with the AP. This member said that the award for Tu Youyou is the result of a major change in the way China performs scientific research. He says China has invested a lot of money in such research.
This member adds that the work of the three scientists could help end the health risk of diseases affecting 3.4 billion people.
I'm Anna Matteo.

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词汇解析

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1.malaria 疟疾;瘴气

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To reach our goal of near zero deaths from malaria by 2015, we need an extraordinary intensification of our actions in two key areas.
我们要想在2015年以前达到疟疾死亡人数近于零的目标,必须格外加强我们在两个关键领域的行动gZB3stUr%PNvuNk2.J

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2.therapy 治疗;疗法

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For some patients, they say, a combination of talk therapy and medication works best.
对于一些病人,他们说,谈话治疗和药物治疗相结合的效果最好m7bLNENAwPMGxWzoo^i7

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3.immeasurable 无限的;不可估量的

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A giving, loving and patient partner can be of immeasurable value to her.
一个奉献的、爱意而耐心的伴侣对她可能是无价的事NX+Oqx0ZfOxBCcWsQrZ=

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4.emeritus 退休的;名誉退休的

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G. Wilson Knight, Emeritus Professor at the University of Leeds, has had a long and prolific career as a critic.
奈特是里兹大学名誉教授,作为一个评论家,资历颇深~bo8_L)KSAD;6MxLq

内容解析

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1.The prize for medicine is also going to Chinese researcher Tu Youyou. She discovered artemisinin. Artemisinin is a drug that has sharply lowered the number of people who die from malaria.

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die from 死于;因...而死

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Smokers are about twice as likely to get the lung infection and die from it, compared with non-smokers.
相较而言,吸烟者得肺部感染以及死于肺结核的可能性大约是不吸烟者的两倍q3iP8so!s,Li~Qy|W

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Many of these children die from a handful of treatable infectious diseases including diarrhoea, pneumonia, malaria and measles.
这些儿童许多死于少数几种可治疗的传染病,包括腹泻、肺炎、疟疾和麻疹q4X]6[-e7O8AOwS;q

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2.The committee said the discoveries have given the world powerful news ways to fight two powerful diseases. It said those diseases affect hundreds of millions of people every year. The committee added that, "The consequences in terms of improved human health and reduced suffering are immeasurable."

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in terms of 依据;按照;在...方面

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They don’t initially think about these bills in terms of who or what the bill is for, but rather in terms of how late the bill is.
他们关心的不是谁支付了账单,而是这些账单什么时候被支付5o.@Zt37FO

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Improvement in terms of trade is limited as competition erodes price.
由于竞争压低了价格,贸易条件的改善就受到限制&i6w*QY*wKSXv

参考译文

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爱尔兰、日本以及中国的科学家纷获诺贝尔医学奖
2015年首个诺贝尔奖项已经公布+LM.OuL1OSV|@+[Uzu。瑞典诺贝尔评审委员会表示,诺贝尔医学奖将授予给来自爱尔兰、日本和中国的三位科学家U*tLdUB)=3DSgQJH
来自爱尔兰的威廉·坎贝尔(William Campbell)和来自日本的大村智(Satoshi Omura)由于发现了阿维菌素获得了这一奖项UtAuh!uSA,QKKr-k[=。诺贝尔委员会对他们在所谓“新疗法”上成就给予嘉奖P3u0_.tTd]_t。该疗法可以对抗蛔虫寄生虫所引发的感染a%rwU^J&QFZda0BpdB6
诺贝尔医学奖还授予给了中国女科学家屠呦呦Qa&JD_25R3b。她发现了青蒿素,@s6ns_Z(o2q_。青蒿素是一种能够在很大程度上降低疟疾死亡人数的药物TN&X1N0jRpHiV6Es
诺贝尔委员会表示,这些发现为人类治愈这两种疾病提供了有效的新途径,每年数以百万人遭受着这些疾病的困扰wC)=d[[1=YWSQq#38f8。委员会还补充道,“(这两大发现)对改善人类健康以及减少病人痛苦有着不可估量的作用USo8^t_chWqt。”

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诺贝尔医学奖.jpg
屠女士是中国中医研究院首席研究员,e4m45qh5PpEEP^3TA。她也是首位被授予诺贝尔医学奖的中国公民&e_L6s8fmgAA。坎贝尔先生目前担任新泽西州德鲁大学的研究员3t+X,BlU!A,6c9。大村智先生则拥有医学和化学两个博士学位._g7pfWBo1B4@。他是日本北里大学的退休教授i#trNpRI~7X,99pV
医生们目前使用阿维菌素治疗河盲症和淋巴丝虫病P#Sog0[u;13hs。大村智先生在接受美联社记者采访时表示,这种药物是从东京附近一家高尔夫球场所发现的微生物中提取的1j2fWOq;mQ.。他总是随身携带一个塑料袋,以便收集土壤标本|7I-gg^I(i
当被问到他是否喜欢打高尔夫球时,他笑着说,“当然4aMk3k8ctz4NQe。”
诺贝尔委员会的一位成员接受了美联社的采访Bts^9C9tGBu,&PL,]。该成员表示,屠呦呦此次获奖是中国科学研究不断进步的结果y9uzRt_zvl|W]BRnL。他说,中国在这类研究上投入了大量资金xr1EUfMYIX
该成员还表示,这三位科学家的成就将有助于治愈这一影响着34亿人的疾病0py_SnLx#B
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • microben. 微生物
  • improvementn. 改进,改善
  • knightn. 骑士,爵士,武士 vt. 授以爵位
  • substancen. 物质,实质,内容,重要性,财产
  • criticn. 批评家,评论家
  • plasticadj. 塑料的,可塑的,造型的,整形的,易受影响的 n
  • initiallyadv. 最初,开头
  • prolificadj. 多产的,作品丰富的
  • partnern. 搭档,伙伴,合伙人 v. 同 ... 合作,做 .
  • traditionaladj. 传统的