Ireland, Japan, China Scientists Share Nobel Prize for Medicine
The first of the 2015 Nobel Prizes has been announced. Sweden's Nobel Prize committee says the Nobel Prize for medicine will go to scientists from Ireland, Japan and China.
William Campbell from Ireland and Satoshi Omura from Japan share the prize for their discovery of the drug avermectin. The Nobel committee praised their work on what it calls a "novel therapy." The treatment fights infections caused by roundworm parasites.
The prize for medicine is also going to Chinese researcher Tu Youyou. She discovered artemisinin. Artemisinin is a drug that has sharply lowered the number of people who die from malaria.
The committee said the discoveries have given the world powerful news ways to fight two powerful diseases. It said those diseases affect hundreds of millions of people every year. The committee added that, "The consequences in terms of improved human health and reduced suffering are immeasurable."
Ms. Tu is the chief professor at the China Academy of Traditional Medicine. She is also the first Chinese citizen to be awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine. Mr. Campbell currently works as a research fellow emeritus at Drew University in New Jersey. Mr. Omura has two doctorate degrees -- one in pharmaceutical sciences, the other in chemistry. He is professor emeritus at Kitasato University in Japan.
Doctors are now using avermectin to treat river blindness and lymphatic filariasis. Mr. Omura told the Associated Press that the drug resulted from a substance taken from a microbe found on a golf course near Tokyo. The researcher said he always carries a plastic bag so he can collect soil samples.
When asked if he likes to play golf, he smiled and said, "yes."
A member of the Nobel committee, also spoke with the AP. This member said that the award for Tu Youyou is the result of a major change in the way China performs scientific research. He says China has invested a lot of money in such research.
This member adds that the work of the three scientists could help end the health risk of diseases affecting 3.4 billion people.
I'm Anna Matteo.
To reach our goal of near zero deaths from malaria by 2015, we need an extraordinary intensification of our actions in two key areas.
For some patients, they say, a combination of talk therapy and medication works best.
A giving, loving and patient partner can be of immeasurable value to her.
G. Wilson Knight, Emeritus Professor at the University of Leeds, has had a long and prolific career as a critic.
1.The prize for medicine is also going to Chinese researcher Tu Youyou. She discovered artemisinin. Artemisinin is a drug that has sharply lowered the number of people who die from malaria.
die from 死于；因...而死
Smokers are about twice as likely to get the lung infection and die from it, compared with non-smokers.
Many of these children die from a handful of treatable infectious diseases including diarrhoea, pneumonia, malaria and measles.
2.The committee said the discoveries have given the world powerful news ways to fight two powerful diseases. It said those diseases affect hundreds of millions of people every year. The committee added that, "The consequences in terms of improved human health and reduced suffering are immeasurable."
in terms of 依据；按照；在...方面
They don’t initially think about these bills in terms of who or what the bill is for, but rather in terms of how late the bill is.
Improvement in terms of trade is limited as competition erodes price.
2015年首个诺贝尔奖项已经公布 。瑞典诺贝尔评审委员会表示，诺贝尔医学奖将授予给来自爱尔兰、日本和中国的三位科学家 。
来自爱尔兰的威廉·坎贝尔（William Campbell）和来自日本的大村智（Satoshi Omura）由于发现了阿维菌素获得了这一奖项 。诺贝尔委员会对他们在所谓“新疗法”上成就给予嘉奖 。该疗法可以对抗蛔虫寄生虫所引发的感染 。
诺贝尔医学奖还授予给了中国女科学家屠呦呦 。她发现了青蒿素 。青蒿素是一种能够在很大程度上降低疟疾死亡人数的药物 。
诺贝尔委员会表示，这些发现为人类治愈这两种疾病提供了有效的新途径，每年数以百万人遭受着这些疾病的困扰 。委员会还补充道，“（这两大发现）对改善人类健康以及减少病人痛苦有着不可估量的作用 。”
屠女士是中国中医研究院首席研究员 。她也是首位被授予诺贝尔医学奖的中国公民 。坎贝尔先生目前担任新泽西州德鲁大学的研究员 。大村智先生则拥有医学和化学两个博士学位 。他是日本北里大学的退休教授 。
医生们目前使用阿维菌素治疗河盲症和淋巴丝虫病 。大村智先生在接受美联社记者采访时表示，这种药物是从东京附近一家高尔夫球场所发现的微生物中提取的 。他总是随身携带一个塑料袋，以便收集土壤标本 。
诺贝尔委员会的一位成员接受了美联社的采访 。该成员表示，屠呦呦此次获奖是中国科学研究不断进步的结果 。他说，中国在这类研究上投入了大量资金 。