VOA慢速(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国南部最贫困的州
日期:2015-10-04 07:06

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Southern states are some of the poorest in the U.S., while wealth lives mostly in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic regions.

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Mississippi is the nation's poorest state, says the US Census Bureau. Most people earn around $39,680 a year.

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Maryland ranks as the richest state, where most people earn around $73,971 a year.

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In addition to Mississippi, the three poorest states include West Virginia and Arkansas. The poverty rate increased in 12 states. In America, 14.8 percent of the population, or 46.7 million people, were living in poverty in 2014.

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Kentucky, the fifth poorest poor state, saw incomes decline in the previous year. The typical household earned $1,139 less in 2014 than in 2013.

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In most U.S. states, income was the same in 2013 as 2014. It's the fourth year in a row that poverty rates were not different from the previous year.

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Household income was 6.5 percent lower in 2014 than in 2007, the year before the U.S. fell into its most recent recession.

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New Jersey and Alaska rank at the top near Maryland. Three states -- Washington, North Dakota and Connecticut -- reported income increases of $2,000 in 2014.

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VOA慢速译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载NGEhnB.[4HrczKf1

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词汇学习

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1.wealth n.财产,财富;富豪(阶级)

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His own wealth grew.
他的个人财富在增长d+kS3h3wF8J7OA!rJehU

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2.earn vt.vi.赚得

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The dancers can earn anything between 20 and 30 for each session.
这些舞蹈演员每场演出的收入在20至30英镑之间RCKE;VMoTP

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3.rank vi.位于

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Mr Short does not even rank in the world's top ten.
肖特先生甚至没有进入世界前10名khj%r[,N8Zp

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4.poverty n.贫穷

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He stole, lied, deceived and pimped his way out of poverty.
他通过偷窃、撒谎、欺诈和拉皮条使自己摆脱了贫困O3MOsvm0;-5Aneg]J

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5.decline vi.(道路、物体等)下倾;(太阳)落下;(在品格、价值上)降低

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The electoral fortunes of the Liberal Democratic party may decline.
自由民主党的选举运势可能会下降!+9LUx%tF535-sZ%)

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内容解析

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1.In addition to Mississippi, the three poorest states include West Virginia and Arkansas.

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in addition to除…之外

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She gets various perquisites in addition to her wages.
她工资以外,还有各种津贴Kt[tcz9D(zAg7

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2.It's the fourth year in a row that poverty rates were not different from the previous year.

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in a row连续

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He finished second in the championship four years in a row.
他连续4年获得锦标赛亚军[he1|Mufi8

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参考翻译

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南方各州是美国最贫穷的地方,而富豪大多居住在东北部和大西洋中部地区UQPpfTyy~o*FQyN

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美国人口普查局称,密西西比州是美国最贫穷的州,大部分人年收入约39680美元Q4;VTSby*i0-^7jpX

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马里兰州位列为最富有的州之一,这里大多数人的年收入在73971美元左右(QCvbOSLV;|5[S

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除了密西西比州,另外两个最贫困的地方是西佛吉尼亚州和阿肯色州trkpb+q)xy。12个州的贫困率有所上升MkdNS.15&P@yHJS。2014年,美国有14.8%的人口,4670万人生活在贫困中UqLwzH0KPK,+kkL

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肯塔基州是第五贫穷的州,该州去年的收入有所下降!hThy-W=xq*Pl^cg4*8]。普通家庭2014年的收入比2013年少1139美元FZLcG]ZKksGGX~AnJjY

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在美国大多数州,2013年和2014年的收入持平S;I0#j3bH;Z#。这是连续第四年贫困率和上一年度相同sfv^u+^U09_^Ic1;H(bd

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2014年的家庭收入比2007年美国陷入最近一次经济衰退前一年低6.5%5#RP71K-7iESuTPn3wP+

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新泽西州和阿拉斯加州排名靠前,接近马里兰州+^rUS5e@5KZFxrXCKv*。据报道华盛顿州、北达科他州和康尼狄格州这三个州2014年的收入增加了2000美元Ama0qqTk9+E(yrK

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重点单词
  • fell动词fall的过去式 n. 兽皮 vt. 砍伐,击倒 a
  • populationn. 人口 ,(全体)居民,人数
  • declinen. 衰微,跌落; 晚年 v. 降低,婉谢
  • rown. 排,船游,吵闹 vt. 划船,成排 vi. 划船,
  • rankn. 等级,阶层,排,列 v. 分等级,排列,列为
  • censusn. 户口普查
  • liberaladj. 慷慨的,大方的,自由主义的 n. 自由主义者,
  • championshipn. 锦标赛,冠军,拥护
  • previousadj. 在 ... 之前,先,前,以前的
  • typicaladj. 典型的,有代表性的,特有的,独特的