VOA慢速(翻译+字幕+讲解):美俄争论如何结束叙利亚冲突
日期:2015-10-03 07:18

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Russian warplanes attacked Syrian cities this week but the U.S. disputes whether those targets were the right ones.

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Russia says the strikes targeted Islamic State fighters in those cities. But American military officials and Syrian human-rights groups say the cities are controlled by moderates who oppose the government of President Bashar al-Assad.

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They claim the attacks killed at least 36 civilians near the cities, including children.

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Najib Ghadbian is the special representative to the United States and the United Nations for the Syrian National Coalition. He told reporters at the UN this week that "the Russian claim that they are there to fight ISIS is...baseless."

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Khaled Khodja, the head of the Syrian National Coalition, said the bombed areas were not controlled by terrorists. The Coalition urged the UN and world powers to stop what it called the Russian "aggression."

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U.S. Secretary of Defense Ash Carter called the Russian airstrikes "ill-advised." He noted that the strikes took place where "the IS group is not present."

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"This is not the kind of behavior that we should expect professionally from the Russian military."

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Russia says the strikes hit Islamic State military equipment, command areas and vehicles.

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Russian President Vladimir Putin said the strikes were requested by President Assad. He said they will continue as long as the Syrian army is fighting terrorists.

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The U.S. and Russia disagreed about how to deal with the civil war in Syria before the airstrikes began. The U.S. and many other countries believe the conflict will not end so long as Mr. Assad is in power. Russia believes he should be permitted to remain the leader of the country.

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David Lesch is an expert on Syria at Trinity University in Texas. He told VOA that Russia may be using the airstrikes to force opposition groups to negotiate. He says the air strikes may make Mr. Assad stronger and eliminate his need to negotiate.

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Obama administration spokesman Josh Earnest says "Russia will not succeed in imposing a military solution on Syria any more than the United States was successful in imposing a military solution on Iraq a decade ago, and certainly no more than Russia was able to impose a military solution on Afghanistan three decades ago."

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Republicans in Congress say the Obama administration's Syria policy is weak. They say that is the reason Russia has taken such strong action. Senator John McCain says the administration's diplomatic and military efforts have failed.

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"This administration has confused our friends, encouraged our enemies, mistaken an excess of caution for prudence and replaced the risks of action with the perils of inaction. Into the wreckage, into the wreckage of this administration's Middle East policy, has now stepped Vladimir Putin."

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Some experts say Russia should be permitted to enter the conflict. They say Russia will fail, and become a weaker world power.

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Russia moved aircraft and other military equipment into Syria for weeks before its warplanes bombed Homs and Hama. Some experts said that signaled that Russia supports President Assad.

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Experts say the airstrikes may push neighboring countries like Turkey or Saudi Arabia to take force against Russian attempts to strengthen President Assad.

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Chris Kozak studies Syria at the Institute for the Study of War.

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"You may see these countries step up their own efforts on behalf of their preferred players in Syria in order to counteract what the Russians are doing."

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Officials say warplanes from the US and other countries will continue to attack Islamic State militants in both Iraq and Syria.

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This week, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov met to talk about ways to end the conflict in Syria. Mr. Lavrov said "we all want Syria democratic, united and secular. But we have some differences on the details on how to get there."

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U.S. and Russian representatives have also said they want to talk about ways they can keep their militaries from clashing with each other in Syria.

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I'm Christopher Jones-Cruise.

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VOA慢速译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载kXqQ3j+qm@5

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词汇学习

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1.dispute vt.& vi.辩论,争论

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He disputed the allegations...
他对指控表示怀疑sZU3rx!W8+l6#XsD

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2.note vt.指出

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The report notes that export and import volumes picked up in leading economies...
报告特别指出经济大国的进出口量攀升L6AVzj0CfZ

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3.request vt.(下级对上级的)请求;请求得到;索取

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The President is also expected to request a rescheduling of loan repayments.
预计总统还会要求延长借款偿还期限cWsag|%weKI_

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4.disagree vi.不同意;不一致

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I disagree with Andrew Russell over his piece on British Rail.
我不同意安德鲁·拉塞尔那篇关于英国铁路公司的文章8(ru|Qv!eO~1sl

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5.permit vi.许可,允许

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Will they permit you to sit in on a few classes?
他们会同意你旁听几节课吗?

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6.eliminate vt.排除,消除

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America wants to eliminate tariffs on items such as electronics.
美国打算取消电子产品等的关税*Orn=g7enm5_.T&rIkq

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7.impose vt.强加

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I didn't want to impose myself on my married friends.
我不想打扰自己已婚的朋友1x=diRQqLBUzfSDAu

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8.prudence n.谨慎

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Britain has warned travellers to exercise prudence and care.
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内容解析

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1.He said they will continue as long as the Syrian army is fighting terrorists.

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as long as只要;如果

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As long as I deliver the goods, my boss is very happy.
只要我做好本职工作,我的老板就很高兴Yj7Lxe)fD%WuU2wn@r

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2.You may see these countries step up their own efforts on behalf of their preferred players in Syria in order to counteract what the Russians are doing.

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on behalf of为了…的利益;代表…

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They interceded with the authorities on behalf of the detainees.
他们为被拘留者向当局求情AbAD@e%*x%Ui

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step up加紧;加快

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He urged donors to step up their efforts to send aid to Somalia.
他敦促各捐赠方加快速度将援助物资送往索马里mO#QEBzgCzz

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参考翻译

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本周,俄罗斯战机袭击了叙利亚城市,但是美国则质疑袭击目标是否正确U[TjhraWlU-&2=Z;R

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俄罗斯表示,空袭的目标是那些城市的伊斯兰国激进组织战士]0|XYR^X[;_x&S。但是美国军事官员和叙利亚人权组织表示,这些城市由反对阿萨德总统政府的温和派控制1sCrKzJs)6u~jKRT|

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他们宣称袭击造成这些城市附近至少36名平民死亡,包括儿童在内@#%Cg[~e_()&@uS*;El

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纳吉布·加德比安(Najib Ghadbian)是美国和联合国派驻叙利亚全国联盟特别代表WC23fmrQOQuo,Abzc。他本周在联合国告诉记者,“俄罗斯宣称他们在那里是为了打击伊斯兰国激进分子,这是毫无根据的*Rf2=j]GS1DRX。”

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叙利亚全国联盟负责人Khaled Khodja表示,被轰炸地区并不是由恐怖分子控制的f)Vw)9)jpxi。该联盟敦促联合国和世界大国制止俄罗斯的“侵略”行为vi.2S|&7@Y%~6as5I

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美国国防部长卡特(Ash Carter)称俄罗斯的空袭是“不明智的”kpl+10~xKID5P.v。他指出,袭击发生在“没有伊斯兰国组织出没的地方”WDbZ5OA4U4T

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“这不是我们从俄罗斯军队那里期待的专业行为KQCneqGeJK.5a。”

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俄罗斯称空袭击中了伊斯兰国军事设备,指挥所和车辆c!hJgZQ2q%y(UM^N

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俄罗斯总统普京表示,袭击是应阿萨德总统的要求实施的rY%t1[q#pGGFHq。他表示,只要叙利亚军队仍在打击恐怖分子,袭击就会继续M+bb^xdVezs!%WB

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在空袭开始之前,美国和俄罗斯就如何处理叙利亚内战存在分歧cT@39m!ujgMe;.+|w39。美国和许多其他国家相信,只要阿萨德仍然是总统,这场冲突就不会结束23WG,3@Z+w_jc_ddrsn。俄罗斯认为他应该继续担任国家元首k*;0[kZ_x~rxri

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David Lesch是德克萨斯三一大学叙利亚问题专家vpgjL[nG]_@[CFd)jG。他告诉VOA,俄罗斯或许是为了利用空袭强迫反对派谈判yqE!S1#|NP0kV9。他表示,空袭或许会让阿萨德更加强势,使他没有谈判的必要TVCtSR3giBQ*p4U4iii(

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奥巴马政府发言人欧内斯特(Josh Earnest)表示,“与十年前美国成功地用军事行动解决伊拉克问题不同,俄罗斯不可能成功地用武力解决叙利亚问题,当然,也不可能像三十年前俄罗斯向阿富汗实施的军事行动一样I)|Me-B2bu8vX2~DT。”

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国会共和党人表示,奥巴马政府的叙利亚政策非常微弱8m-Ys2qv5~fN@Zn2M。他们表示,这就是俄罗斯采取如此强势的行动的原因]ak7M^6sxipt5(+e+l。参议员麦凯恩表示,政府的外交和军事努力失败了fm]9RSV]z&)V+0wfUP

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“政府迷惑了我们的朋友,鼓励了我们的敌人,把过度警惕当成谨慎,把行动的风险替换为不作为的风险M%rI1IixpoG9!vDX2VH0。由于政府中东政策的不利,普京采取了强势行动#eZIuVrXV*kN0T~P。”

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一些专家表示,俄罗斯应该获准加入这场冲突T0edvLN#Ki[*f[|Oq]R!。他们表示,俄罗斯会失败,成为一个被削弱的世界大国|7S_.t%7aX

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战斗机轰炸Homs和Hama几周之前,俄罗斯将飞机和其他军事设备运入叙利亚境内=TUDVuzogV8f。一些专家表示,这预示着俄罗斯支持总统阿萨德A3mnA)]gRn!BAuJ~

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专家表示,空袭会导致土耳其或沙特阿拉伯等邻国对俄罗斯采取行动,抵抗他们增强阿萨德总统力量的努力QEKSq8eOdy4so

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Chris Kozak在战争研究所研究叙利亚问题eQG&bAoSHkb[hZBhBkEV

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“为了抵抗俄罗斯的所作所为,你或许会看到这些国家代表他们在叙利亚的利益方作出了努力N&,5^Dq^lBT。”

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官员们表示,来自美国和其他国家的战斗机将继续袭击伊拉克和叙利亚境内的伊斯兰国激进分子V_3.(rd8,iD];T~yFgxk

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本周,美国国务卿约翰·克里和俄罗斯外长拉夫罗夫会晤,讨论终止叙利亚冲突的方法kq0_(*nC@^FnGh,HQOx。拉夫罗夫表示,“我们都希望叙利亚实现民主,统一和稳定_Zm5ztD[y!K&)yR。但是我们关于如何达成这个目标存在分歧JEh(#a&Cxzkj。”

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美国和俄罗斯代表们还表示,他们想要讨论防止他们派往叙利亚的军队互相冲突的方法zKXqFb[ro-S

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我是Christopher Jones-CruiseU!Sp~GENxylnFKUA

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重点单词
  • disagreev. 不一致,有分歧,不适应,不适宜
  • turkeyn. 土耳其 turkey n. 火鸡,笨蛋,失败之作
  • eliminatev. 除去,剔除; 忽略
  • opposevt. 反对,反抗,使对立,使对抗
  • democraticadj. 民主的,大众的,平等的
  • diplomaticadj. 外交的,古字体的,老练的
  • commandn. 命令,指挥,控制 v. 命令,指挥,支配 n. [
  • prudencen. 审慎,慎重,精心明辨
  • claimn. 要求,要求权;主张,断言,声称;要求物 vt. 要
  • permitn. 许可证,执照 v. 允许,许可