VOA慢速(翻译+字幕+讲解):麦加发生踩踏事故 多人遇难
日期:2015-09-26 06:54

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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More than 700 people were crushed to death Thursday near Mecca, Saudi Arabia, in a stampede.

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More than 800 others were injured. The victims were part of the Muslim Hajj pilgrimage, which began Tuesday.

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Saudi officials say the stampede happened in Mina, about five kilometers from Mecca. Hajj pilgrims go to Mina to throw rocks at three stone walls that represent evil. It is the final part of the Hajj ritual before the yearly Eid al-Adha religious observance. The pilgrims also spend the night at Mina. The area has more than 160,000 tents for the visitors.

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The Saudi Arabian civil defense department reported the number of dead and injured on the social media website Twitter.

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There have been several deadly stampedes at the Hajj during the past 25 years. Huge numbers of people gather for the five-day-long event. This year, 2 million pilgrims are taking part. All Muslims are required to go on the Hajj at least once, if they are able.

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Last year, Saudi Arabia reduced the number of pilgrims because of concerns about safety.

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The worst Hajj stampede happened 25 years ago inside a tunnel in Mina. More than 1,400 people were killed. Stampedes in three other years -- 1994, 2004 and 2006 -- each killed more than 200 people.

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Earlier this month, a construction crane collapsed during Friday prayers at the Grand Mosque in Mecca. Workers had been expanding the mosque. More than 100 people were killed and more than 200 others injured. Officials said high winds during a rainstorm caused the crane to collapse. The machine had reportedly been operating at the construction project for three or four years.

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The Grand Mosque is Islam's holiest site. It is among the largest religious centers in the world and has millions of visitors every year.

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I'm Christopher Jones-Cruise.

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VOA慢速译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载4EjZd(g)D2;5Mm#Wz%O

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词汇学习

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1.crush vi.挤;压

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We were at the front, crushed against the stage.
我们在前面,被挤到了舞台边上U0_ol0B=^h

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2.stampede n.惊逃;人群的蜂拥

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A wall collapsed and 39 people, were killed in the panic-stricken stampede.
一堵墙倒了,慌乱中有39人死于踩踏事故tY6VduwIN9H3;

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3.represent vi.代表

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The two politicians represent opposite poles of the political spectrum.
这两位从政者代表了政界的两个极端0W@iK0Ry~_h|IuENIm-B

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4.observance n.(宗教的,正式的)仪式;惯例

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The trading day is shortened in observance of the Labor Day holiday.
因庆祝劳工节,这个交易日交易时间缩短了Ziz5EJ*kYc~xpX^&w-4

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5.collapse vt.使倒塌;使坍塌

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The roof collapsed in a roar of rock and rubble...
屋顶轰隆一声塌了下来,碎石瓦砾落了一地0cDSN-f7~p

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内容解析

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1.This year, 2 million pilgrims are taking part.

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take part参加;参与

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They all dressed up to take part in the New Year's party.
他们都穿上盛装,去参加除夕晚会-tlJBC~])lu8

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2.Last year, Saudi Arabia reduced the number of pilgrims because of concerns about safety.

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because of因为,由于

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The man was known to the police because of previous convictions.
因为有犯罪前科,警察们都认识这个人%8!d7oIk*D50BN%

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参考翻译

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周四,沙特阿拉伯麦加附近发生踩踏事故,超过700人死亡B[fp~#DNS]D,3

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另有800人受伤wah7T14sxaef]CG。遇难者是于周二开始的穆斯林朝圣之旅的参与者kpXWx]GDE-4n&0#YWBrM

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沙特官员表示,踩踏事故发生在距离麦加大约5千米的米纳WB%V%;=ldSY@。朝圣者们前往米纳向代表恶魔的三面石墙扔石头~C4Dxavnt+jSI。这是朝圣活动的最后一步,随后就是一年一度的宗教节日古尔邦节O3Xa-K#K;^)6。朝圣者也会在米纳度过夜晚L3SkcIHm^JVF[bC。该地区为游客们准备了超过16万顶帐篷|Kmf&~_QX!

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沙特阿拉伯国防部在社交网站推特上公布了死伤者人数r9pI^.4Y2|#_pFosX

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过去25年麦加朝圣期间曾发生过几起致命踩踏事故WgCizI5iJY1mxs。许多人参加这个为期五天的活动1D,ULy6;p5lv8q。今年共有200万名朝圣者参加y^e92M1Uv,4b@。所有穆斯林如果有能力的话一生至少都要参加一次麦加朝圣.=ynvUBzc-Gg

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去年,由于担心安全问题,沙特阿拉伯减少了朝圣者的数量-!1K8JTw@49xK*n+

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最严重的朝圣踩踏事故发生在25年前米纳一个隧道内@u0;.0!MIHG~。超过1400人遇难2O]!MijK@3F,V5fTY。另外三起踩踏事故分别发生在1994年,2004年和2006年,各自造成200多人死亡_%OO0u3hov@5c^I(#

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本月初,一辆工程起重机在大清真寺周五的祈祷过程中坍塌9%GBAIhokPWPrGKWP。当时工人们正在扩建清真寺gr337D.N&5,4+.V8&。超过100人死亡,另有200多人受伤paCEEaC,BJru1RhdDr。官员们表示,造成起重机坍塌的原因是狂风暴雨s)oW_=Kh|zclED%H98@。据报道,这辆起重机已经在这个工程施工三四年的时间I=L1VmooTe20G3F(AzTo

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大清真寺是伊斯兰教最神圣的地点,是世界上最大的宗教中心之一,每年有数百万访客nq2oztoSPd

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我是Christopher Jones-CruiseS,g1Q(LZio~dK1-Bo)

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重点单词
  • expanding扩展的,扩充的
  • spectrumn. 光谱,范围,系列
  • socialadj. 社会的,社交的 n. 社交聚会
  • constructionn. 建设,建造,结构,构造,建筑物
  • ritualn. 仪式,典礼,宗教仪式,固定程序 adj. 仪式的,
  • crushv. 压碎,碾碎,压榨 n. 压碎,压榨,拥挤,迷恋
  • pilgrimagen. 朝圣之旅,人生历程 vi. 朝圣
  • collapsen. 崩溃,倒塌,暴跌 v. 倒塌,崩溃,瓦解,折叠
  • gatherv. 聚集,聚拢,集合 n. 集合,聚集
  • tunneln. 隧道,地道 v. 挖隧道,挖地道