VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):伊丽莎白二世刷新在位纪录
日期:2015-09-09 17:31

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听力文本

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Queen Elizabeth II Poised to Be Britain’s Longest Serving Ruler
Queen Elizabeth II is set reach an important milestone this week–becoming Britain's longest-ruling head of state.
Queen Elizabeth has worked with 12 British prime ministers, from Winston Churchill to David Cameron. At age 89, she continues to travel and attend official events.
Elizabeth came to power after the death of her father, King George VI, on February 6, 1952. At the time, she was only 25 years old. She officially became queen in June of 1953.
The queen is part of the last generation of Britain's royal family to be educated at home. The Associated Press reports that she is the first British ruler to have sent an email (1976) or use Twitter, the social networking service (2014).
Royal historian Hugo Vickers says that during her rule, Queen Elizabeth has remained dutiful to her country. He adds that she is known as the "most invisible visible public woman in the world."
Who held the record before her?
On Wednesday, Elizabeth will beat a record set by her great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria. Victoria served as queen more than a century ago for 63 years and seven months. Only four other British kings and queens have ruled 50 years or more.
Queen Elizabeth already holds the record as the country's oldest ruler. The only other world leader with longer service is King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand. He took power more than 69 years ago.
In history, only a few monarchs have served even longer. Ngwenyama Sobhuza, later known as Sobhuza II, served as the Swazi King and later King of Swaziland for more than 82 years. He came to power before the age of one after the death of his father. In addition, Louis XIV served as King of France for 72 years. He was also aided by coming to power at a young age.
How will she celebrate?
British officials say Queen Elizabeth wants the record-setting occasion to be a quiet event and that the day will be "business as usual". The Queen is expected to leave her private home at Balmoral, Scotland to open the new Scottish Borders Railway. She will also take a steam train ride on the new railway from Edinburgh with her husband, Prince Philip.
I'm Jonathan Evans.
Queen Elizabeth II Poised to Be Britain’s Longest Serving Ruler

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词汇解析

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1.invisible 无形的,隐形的

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Children would bring them close together and break down this invisible barrier.
有了孩子,夫妇就会亲密起来,打破目前彼此之间无形的隔阂oo9,4YM14@mwMXH2Sq

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2.worked with 工作;合作

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She worked with great dedication to find a cure for the disease.
她以巨大的忘我精神工作,希望找到这种疾病的疗法NMP3a__ViE(G]

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3.came to power 掌权;执政

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According to Shiva, a young actress, when the reformist President Mohammad Khatami came to power in 1997, her generation was full of hope.
据年轻的女演员希瓦说,1997年伊朗改革派总统穆罕默德·卡塔米当选时,他们那一代人当时对未来充满希望cE*Sk)%lJ=+s5

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4.dutiful 尽职尽责的

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She treated it as a link between herself and dutiful goodness.
她把它当作是连接她自己与负有责任的德行的纽带R*k!B#R;zhN)

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内容解析

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1.Royal historian Hugo Vickers says that during her rule, Queen Elizabeth has remained dutiful to her country. He adds that she is known as the "most invisible visible public woman in the world."

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known as 因...而闻名;以...著称

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San Francisco is generally known as the "gate of east" of America.
旧金山是美国 “通向东方的大门”G%3_~i)&OO1%

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China has always been known as a land of propriety band righteousness.
中国从来以礼义之邦著称W0#o;NVa1H0C~epQ
2.British officials say Queen Elizabeth wants the record-setting occasion to be a quiet event and that the day will be "business as usual". The Queen is expected to leave her private home at Balmoral, Scotland to open the new Scottish Borders Railway. She will also take a steam train ride on the new railway from Edinburgh with her husband, Prince Philip.

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expected to 预期;预计

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He expected to finish the work by March.
他预期三月份完成这项工作X#FVrWh-gq5S~

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At a service desk, the agent is expected to keep mum about her problems and to show a reasonable interest in yours.
在服务台前,人们总是希望服务员对她自己的问题绝口不提,而是全身心关注你的问题J4XK8~6t9=UE2.%Hfv%y

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参考译文

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伊丽莎白二世刷新在位纪录
本周,英国女王伊丽莎白二世将再次树立里程碑,成为英国史上在位最久的君主HT)qPX^PPV@Rj-++dXE
在位期间,她先后历经12位英国首相vQXu@^D]&=_GW6K。从温斯顿丘吉尔到现任的戴维卡梅隆J;3KbdJy]hVDmDQ*F5。89岁的高龄,女王却仍然参与外事活动2;|j&~ke;6
1952年2月6号,国王乔治六世去世后,伊莉莎白二世开始执掌政权Qj&X@MjmcCFq_。伊丽莎白二世于1952年2月6日登基,时年25岁N3|1y(+-@V
女王是英国最后一代在家接受教育的皇室家族成员之一790pj#,NBJ76,v+。美联社报告称,女王是英国历届统治者中第一个发送电子邮件(1976年)或使用社交网络Twitter(2014年)的人xDoWr8(oU0o
皇室历史学家雨果·维克斯表示,伊丽莎白女王在其统治时期内尽心尽责S]tR@XgI&JAOhSx4Gy#。他还表示女王就是因“世界上最低调却广受关注的公众女性”这一头衔而蜚声国际的(bzyU6gbRH)Pnu1X0
在伊丽莎白二世之前,究竟是谁保持着这项纪录?

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周三,伊丽莎白将超过曾曾祖母维多利亚女王所创下了在位63年的新纪录Cm(u*Fm2t1IOuP。维多利亚女王在一个世纪之前曾创下63年零7个月的在位记录TrF|l8PWCt8uREx。其余在位50年或超过50年的只有四位国王和女王 @c5]TaZDx*z_
伊丽莎白女王已经创下了英国统治者在位时间最久的历史记录)I0k(LE^tLWS*p5OB。唯一敢与伊丽莎白女王比肩的是69年继承王位的泰国国王普密蓬·阿杜德xD~L7q;BUF
回顾历史,统治时期达到这么久的君主寥寥无几+2KrJt)fBfp。恩格温亚马(国王)索布扎,后称“索布扎二世”,统治斯威士以及后来的斯威士兰王国长达82年AH~TC.JqM(=8W8L)。父亲去世后,不到一岁的他继位@_Mm!)LG2DY5DT。此外,法国国王路易十四统治时期为72年r6mC+vbm~)M。他同样是在年幼时期便继承了王位D988aT80wRAe
女王伊丽莎白二世会如何庆祝?
英国官员称,伊丽莎白女王的希望这次庆祝创新登基记录的庆典低调一些,那天应该“一切照旧”++jCsnj3kSdf-Cn&@WH。女王当天会离开位于苏格兰的巴莫拉尔宫,前往苏格兰爱丁堡的车站,为蒸汽火车投入使用剪彩)+VPrBWwQL。她也会同丈夫菲利普亲王搭乘蒸汽火车*)|T|l_~|5m-+_3
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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