VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):向肯尼亚提供电力援助
日期:2015-09-07 18:19

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Providing Electricity to Poor Communities in Kenya
In 2013, President Barack Obama launched a campaign called the Power Africa Initiative. Its goal is to increase the availability of electric power in African countries south of the Sahara Desert. Millions of people there are unable to depend on reliable power supplies.
The American-supported program is providing money for a number of projects, including one that creates electricity from human waste.
"Mukuru Kwa Njenga" is the name of a community close to Nairobi where about 100,000 people live. Many of them are poor. Until recently, most did not have electricity. Those who did had illegal connections to power lines.
Amos Nguru had the idea for Afrisol Energy, a project that produces electricity from human waste. Two years ago, Mr. Nguru received an offer of financial support from the Power Africa initiative. The money came from General Electric and the United States African Development Foundation.
The project now produces 15 kilowatts of electricity. That is enough to power a nearby school and serve the local neighborhood. Mr. Nguru says his project meets the needs of the community.
Deborah Mwandagina is deputy head teacher of the local primary school. She says in the past, there were too many illegal connections to her school's power supply. She says this resulted in higher costs for the school, so it decided to stop using electricity.
She says, "We have been having challenges from the slums and time and again they hack our power systems and they connect illegally to their homes. We have been having such kind of challenges so we just decided we cannot live with electricity. It can't do us any good, so we decided to disconnect."
But now the school is once again using electricity from Afrisol Energy. Doreen Kemunto is a student at the school. Her mother Beatrice Onchan'ga says darkness no longer limits the time when Doreen can study.
She says, "Before the electricity was there our children could not be able to learn since they could not come to school that early and leave that late because the school was very dark, and they could not be able to learn."
The World Bank says only 23 percent of Kenyans have access to electricity.
I'm Jim Tedder.

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词汇解析

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1.human waste 人类排泄物

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Human waste is piped directly into the sea without being treated.
人类的排泄物不经处理被直接排泄到海里7O3z~d6xRPWtpFb

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2.financial support 经济支援;财政支持

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It receives financial support from the government, some private corporations and individual donations.
它是靠政府,私人公司或个人赠款资助的9GukAnwcf_

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3.meets the needs of 满足...的需要

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It aims to develop an effective, efficient and economic service which meets the needs of the public.
其工作目标是发展有效、迅速及经济的服务,以满足市民的需要.tt-Gl~-roNvGy

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4.access to 接触;访问;...的途径

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When it first appeared, the toolbar was merely a place for fast access to frequently used functions.
当工具栏第一次出现时,它只提供快速访问常用功能[%VxABXI8tE@KvG)KCK8

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内容解析

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1.In 2013, President Barack Obama launched a campaign called the Power Africa Initiative. Its goal is to increase the availability of electric power in African countries south of the Sahara Desert. Millions of people there are unable to depend on reliable power supplies.

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launched 发射;提出;开展

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During the launch phase, it would ride in a protective aluminum shell.
在发射阶段,它盛在一只保护的铝壳里O2)+3lr3)&p*W7ht4~N

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An official enquiry into the incident was launched.
官方对这一事件进行了调查aER6GNiZy(7HkfT4SA

2.She says, "We have been having challenges from the slums and time and again they hack our power systems and they connect illegally to their homes. We have been having such kind of challenges so we just decided we cannot live with electricity. It can't do us any good, so we decided to disconnect."

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hack n. 打手;砍;劈;刻痕

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v. 干咳;整修;翻
He was a literary hack, naturally fast in pace and brilliant in action.
他是个雇佣文人,不过天生下笔千言,很有些才气而已#sDiD~RMcq^b

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This is handy, but it’s also a hack: There are better ways to address these problems.
这很方便,但这也是在大量删除数据,有一些方法能更好地解决这些问题3mR#2mPes|z~5ar

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参考译文

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向肯尼亚贫困地区提供电力援助
2013年,总统贝拉克·奥巴马发起了一个名为“电力非洲倡议”的活动5W=Z;DKyoQa。其目标是提升撒哈拉沙漠以南的非洲国家电力能源的可用性35.~fTB.G|c]z。那里有数百万的人无法依靠稳定的电力供应生活fX#YvUQ+dj|EM6qn
这一由美国资助的项目正在为一些计划提供资金支援,其中包括一个由人类排泄物转化为电能的计划P19zeyNS0!InW
“奈洛比贫民区”是靠近内罗毕的一个地区,那里生活着将近10万人Go(AB#gI,x[SW.O。这些人中大多数是很贫穷的_Dgme81b;~;XF+g。直到最近,大部分居民仍然过着没有电的生活KL]6k+@I^b。这些人为了用上电曾非法连接电力系统L((67@,u1.5mBXbM
Amos Nguru想到了建立Afrisol Energy公司,主要经营的项目是把人类排泄物转化为电能^rYaK%%-NIv5yUR。两年前,Nguru先生收到了来自“电力非洲倡议”组织发来的经济支援通知eUe9o2#I^#^a*0。这笔资金来自通用电气公司和美国非洲发展基金会j3kDQuO_AI^We
该项目目前可以生产15千瓦的电力qy_BwDd%UvtAglKt]~。这足够让附近的学校和当地居民使用bZt1)MXeOsoP[h。Nguru先生表示他的这个项目可以满足该地区的用电需求0.loIX2r9fI,&oN^P

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Deborah Mwandagina是当地小学的副校长t8q2fa^-9w&*yHcS2Z。她表示,过去有很多人非法连接学校的电力系统,导致学校的电力成本越来越高,所以不得不决定停止电力供应F_cL_FdSYkU
她还表示,“我们面临着贫民和时间带来的双重挑战,再加上这些贫民非法将电力系统的电偷接到家里.,ctY!in8E8^Y-i。面对这样的挑战,我们决定开始无电生活%#VROhLX,g~z@。既然电对我们毫无益处,那么我们决定不再用电%;D;*H4RzMkphqSOw1。”
但现在学校通过Afrisol Energy公司再一次用上了电9&iKQSTraGfL1-。Doreen Kemunto是一名在校学生w2i+|.z-7~。她的母亲Beatrice Onchan'ga说Doreen学习不再受时间的限制了U%m+[Z[M#[(ZTw
她还说,“没有通电之前,学校里面的光线非常暗,孩子们到校晚,离校早而无法在学校正常学习=NoU7*Ao0kF]。”
世界银行表示,在肯尼亚只有百分之二十三的人用得上电R%C7=rM=U|Cg
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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