Providing Electricity to Poor Communities in Kenya
In 2013, President Barack Obama launched a campaign called the Power Africa Initiative. Its goal is to increase the availability of electric power in African countries south of the Sahara Desert. Millions of people there are unable to depend on reliable power supplies.
The American-supported program is providing money for a number of projects, including one that creates electricity from human waste.
"Mukuru Kwa Njenga" is the name of a community close to Nairobi where about 100,000 people live. Many of them are poor. Until recently, most did not have electricity. Those who did had illegal connections to power lines.
Amos Nguru had the idea for Afrisol Energy, a project that produces electricity from human waste. Two years ago, Mr. Nguru received an offer of financial support from the Power Africa initiative. The money came from General Electric and the United States African Development Foundation.
The project now produces 15 kilowatts of electricity. That is enough to power a nearby school and serve the local neighborhood. Mr. Nguru says his project meets the needs of the community.
Deborah Mwandagina is deputy head teacher of the local primary school. She says in the past, there were too many illegal connections to her school's power supply. She says this resulted in higher costs for the school, so it decided to stop using electricity.
She says, "We have been having challenges from the slums and time and again they hack our power systems and they connect illegally to their homes. We have been having such kind of challenges so we just decided we cannot live with electricity. It can't do us any good, so we decided to disconnect."
But now the school is once again using electricity from Afrisol Energy. Doreen Kemunto is a student at the school. Her mother Beatrice Onchan'ga says darkness no longer limits the time when Doreen can study.
She says, "Before the electricity was there our children could not be able to learn since they could not come to school that early and leave that late because the school was very dark, and they could not be able to learn."
The World Bank says only 23 percent of Kenyans have access to electricity.
I'm Jim Tedder.
1.human waste 人类排泄物
Human waste is piped directly into the sea without being treated.
2.financial support 经济支援；财政支持
It receives financial support from the government, some private corporations and individual donations.
3.meets the needs of 满足...的需要
It aims to develop an effective, efficient and economic service which meets the needs of the public.
4.access to 接触；访问；...的途径
When it first appeared, the toolbar was merely a place for fast access to frequently used functions.
1.In 2013, President Barack Obama launched a campaign called the Power Africa Initiative. Its goal is to increase the availability of electric power in African countries south of the Sahara Desert. Millions of people there are unable to depend on reliable power supplies.
During the launch phase, it would ride in a protective aluminum shell.
An official enquiry into the incident was launched.
2.She says, "We have been having challenges from the slums and time and again they hack our power systems and they connect illegally to their homes. We have been having such kind of challenges so we just decided we cannot live with electricity. It can't do us any good, so we decided to disconnect."
hack n. 打手；砍；劈；刻痕
He was a literary hack, naturally fast in pace and brilliant in action.
This is handy, but it’s also a hack: There are better ways to address these problems.
2013年，总统贝拉克·奥巴马发起了一个名为“电力非洲倡议”的活动 。其目标是提升撒哈拉沙漠以南的非洲国家电力能源的可用性 。那里有数百万的人无法依靠稳定的电力供应生活 。
“奈洛比贫民区”是靠近内罗毕的一个地区，那里生活着将近10万人 。这些人中大多数是很贫穷的 。直到最近，大部分居民仍然过着没有电的生活 。这些人为了用上电曾非法连接电力系统 。
Amos Nguru想到了建立Afrisol Energy公司，主要经营的项目是把人类排泄物转化为电能 。两年前，Nguru先生收到了来自“电力非洲倡议”组织发来的经济支援通知 。这笔资金来自通用电气公司和美国非洲发展基金会 。
该项目目前可以生产15千瓦的电力 。这足够让附近的学校和当地居民使用 。Nguru先生表示他的这个项目可以满足该地区的用电需求 。
Deborah Mwandagina是当地小学的副校长 。她表示，过去有很多人非法连接学校的电力系统，导致学校的电力成本越来越高，所以不得不决定停止电力供应 。
她还表示，“我们面临着贫民和时间带来的双重挑战，再加上这些贫民非法将电力系统的电偷接到家里 。面对这样的挑战，我们决定开始无电生活 。既然电对我们毫无益处，那么我们决定不再用电 。”
但现在学校通过Afrisol Energy公司再一次用上了电 。Doreen Kemunto是一名在校学生 。她的母亲Beatrice Onchan'ga说Doreen学习不再受时间的限制了 。