VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):蜜蜂正在消失 无人知其缘由
日期:2015-08-24 17:11

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Honeybees Are Disappearing, No One Knows Why
Entomologists -- scientists who study insects -- are working with other scientists to learn why bee colonies are dying in the United States. They call the problem "colony collapse disorder."
VOA recently spoke with amateur beekeepers in Fort Wayne, Indiana who are working to learn about honeybees and how to keep them alive.
Bees are needed to produce one third of our food. That is why Megan Ryan is worried about their survival. Earlier this year, she created an apiary, a place where groups, or hives, of honeybees are kept.
"Our hives are full of what's called Italian honeybees."
Italian bees are popular because they are not as aggressive as other kinds of bees. And they reproduce faster than other kinds of honeybees. In just four months, the apiary has grown from 10,000 to 70,000 bees in each hive.
Alex Cornwell is also a beekeeper. He says over the past ten years, both American and European hives have lost more than one fourth of their population.
"It's unknown what colony collapse disorder is caused by specifically, but it could be a combination of anywhere from pesticides to mites to pathogens."
Every time they visit the apiary, Ms. Ryan and Mr. Cornwell record information about the bees.
"We would share it with the DNR (Department of Natural Resources), other beekeepers -- any conservation effort, any organization that would like our records we freely share those."
They also teach people about beekeeping. They want people to begin their own hives.
"You don't have to be a scientist that has a degree in order to teach people and help people learn about bees and that's the awesome part about beekeeping -- anybody can do it."
About 100 people have said they want to learn more about creating their own hives. Ms. Ryan and Mr. Cornwell say they will start a program to teach migrant workers about beekeeping so they can take that knowledge with them wherever they work.

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词汇解析

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1.Entomologists n.昆虫学家

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The solution is for entomologists and plant breeders to develop a dynamic program of collection and evaluation of germplasm.
解决办法是昆虫学家和育种家共同拟定一个能动的种质收集和评选计划lYnT^K]E^E]V[

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2.colony collapse disorder n.蜂群崩溃综合症

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Some 24 American states have now reported cases of colony collapse disorder.
现在美国约有26个州报道了群落崩溃紊乱的事件+FNf.1@2f)q(,

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3.speak with 和…商量;和…谈话;采访

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She could not speak with anyone, and she had no desire to laugh. She sat there, looking only at her work.
她不能和任何人说话,也没心思笑,所以就坐在那里,只顾低着头忙手里的活儿esfzoZs=[Tyk_e-EtQ

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4.a combination of 结合;综合

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There is definitely a combination of art and science that I never appreciated until having to do it.
要不是我现在必须做这个,我不会意识到这项工作绝对是艺术与科学的结合818vghBxJLf

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内容解析

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1.Entomologists -- scientists who study insects -- are working with other scientists to learn why bee colonies are dying in the United States. They call the problem "colony collapse disorder."

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work with 与…共事;对……有效;对…产生影响

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For the sake of convenience we shall work with the space.
为了方便起见,我们将利用空间a_|9&z~DQJef9b6H

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At the same time, industrial designers work with engineers to finalize components and assembly.
同时,工业设计师和工程师一道来完成部件和组装部分的工作%H;E-s_p,XO

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2.VOA recently spoke with amateur beekeepers in Fort Wayne, Indiana who are working to learn about honeybees and how to keep them alive.

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keep alive 保持生机;使……活着;注意;提防

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As long as he managed to keep alive, why think of anything else?
将就着活下去是一切,什么也无须乎想了]KvfcfXAcNEPHf1+jf

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Scientists are trying to learn how animals know that they must move to keep alive.
科学家们正在努力地探索动物是怎样知道它们必须迁徙才能生存下来的奥秘D%HcZPFlE@=Z(nk%T1

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参考译文

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蜜蜂正在消失,无人知其缘由
昆虫学家——研究昆虫的科学家们——与其他科学家合作研究为什么美国的蜂巢在慢慢消失ypAD,xI@|S。他们将这一现象称之为“蜂群崩溃综合症”2Qa;5X.*C_Nv95C
VOA记者最近采访了在韦恩堡的一些印第安娜业余养蜂人,他们正在不断努力了解蜜蜂以及饲养蜜蜂的办法)e|Ll[U(4nct
我们食物的三分之一是靠蜜蜂来生产的xGRwYj=y.I+K9aJb2p]F。这就是为什么梅甘瑞安为蜜蜂的生存问题而担忧不已65W4,DpKT!E2Z8MJ。今年早些时候,她经营了一个养蜂场,供群居的蜜蜂建巢而居x^J[TJ[g0(zl#O^TP
“被称为意大利蜜蜂的蜂种,在我们的蜂巢随处可见dW]YZBOjV(。”
意大利蜜蜂之所以大受青睐,是因为它们并不像其他种类的蜜蜂一样好斗ms.7xnPCK6R],ut67。而且他们比其他种类的蜜蜂繁殖更快bF&XNkdHOY*SAYFa。在短短的四个月,每个蜂巢里蜜蜂的数量都从10000飞速增长到70000TgrKick_~de%v

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亚历克斯·康威尔是一名养蜂人nB|JJFf&w=2。他说,在过去的十年中,美国和欧洲的蜂巢中超过总量四分之一蜜蜂神秘消失ynm@XD,bbPsm#9P+E;+H
“导致蜂群崩溃综合症引发的具体原因还是个未知数,可能是一些地方为了根治螨虫的病原体而使用农药引发的nlOWA-zO]w+。”
每次查看养蜂场,瑞安女士和康威尔先生都会对蜜蜂的情况做一些信息记录qU,V;#7z+^o]2zWjr
“我们会将这些信息与DNR(自然资源厅)分享,包括其他的养蜂人——任何保护机构,任何组织,但凡需要我们的记录,我们都会一一分享o2+XnKNg1kJ%lP。”
他们也教别人养蜂.wz-|ZfVa,C5b[LL。希望别人开始经营自己的蜂巢;#sX#Znj4a
“你不必成为拥有学历的科学家来帮助人们了解蜜蜂,而这正是养蜂的绝妙之处——任何人都可以做到jlDBUX8cp%WuoGjqY。”
已经有约100个人表示他们想了解更多关于建造自己的蜂巢的知识2HZz.dOkf1(w*VV0[。瑞安女士和康韦尔先生说他们将启动一个项目来向打工人员传授养蜂技能,这样他们可以用学到的知识在任何地方工作&7M8@*ID[CVI

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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