VOA慢速(翻译+字幕+讲解):共和党总统候选人举行辩论
日期:2015-08-09 07:37

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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The ten Republican presidential candidates who received the highest levels of support in public opinion surveys debated Thursday night in Cleveland, Ohio. The event marked the launch of the 2016 presidential campaign.

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Billionaire businessman Donald Trump received a lot of attention during the debate, which was shown on the FOX News Channel. He was the only candidate who would not promise to support whoever wins the Republican party's presidential nomination. He also refused to say he would not campaign for the presidency as an independent if he did not win the party's nomination.

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Mr. Trump was asked about controversial statements he has made in the past. He refused to apologize when he was questioned about his past insults of women. He also did not apologize for his statements about illegal immigrants from Mexico. He has said some of them are "criminals" and "rapists."

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Senators Marco Rubio of Florida and Ted Cruz of Texas were among candidates who said they support better control of the border with Mexico. Former Florida Governor Jeb Bush criticized the way Mr. Trump talks about the issue.

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Several of the candidates strongly criticized the agreement reached between Western powers and Iran to limit that country's nuclear activities. They also criticized the Obama administration's efforts to stop the Islamic State group.

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Senator Rand Paul and New Jersey Governor Chris Christie argued during the debate about how to protect Americans while respecting their rights. At one point, Governor Christie called Senator Paul's ideas about security policy "completely ridiculous."

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The argument between the two men showed the tension within the Republican Party. One side wants stronger national security policies while the other is concerned about the federal government's power.

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Mr. Bush is considered the choice of many Republicans. He said he knows he must work to be seen as different from his brother and father, both of whom are former presidents.

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He said the invasion of Iraq by American forces, which was ordered by President George W. Bush, was a mistake. But he blamed President Obama for leaving Iraq too early. He says this led to the creation of the Islamic State, or ISIS.

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Before the debate on Thursday night, seven Republican presidential candidates who have lower support in public opinion surveys gathered. Many of them strongly criticized Hillary Clinton. Many experts believe Ms. Clinton will be the Democratic party's nominee for president.

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At least eight more Republican debates are planned.

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The Democratic party plans six debates, beginning in October.

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I'm Christopher Jones-Cruise.

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载ZlO)Wn7n(5S;4

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词汇学习

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1.nomination n.任命;提名

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He knew the nomination was his for the asking.
他知道只要他开口就能得到那项提名L48Ez8rPlwBSe-

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2.campaign n.运动;竞选运动

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Perot hoped to run another series of campaign infomercials.
佩罗期待着新一轮的竞选宣传节目的播出iPXTjFWWf%+

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3.independent n.独立自主的人;无党派人士

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Independent candidates won the majority of seats on the local council.
无党派候选人在地方议会选举中赢得了多数席位hh!)clS.!Pw*n-Y^mWS

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4.tension n.紧张,不安;紧张气氛

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There is tension in the region following the killing of seven civilians.
随着7名平民被杀害,该地区局势紧张起来raDKtUFG&|vbgo^A

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5.gather vt.收集;聚集

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Heads of government from more than 100 countries gather in Geneva tomorrow.
来自100多个国家的政府首脑明日将齐聚日内瓦F!4*!@x6CR&Zqd

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6.nominee n.被提名者,候选人

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The presidential nominee was advised to choose a woman as a running mate. 更多牛津
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内容解析

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1.At one point, Governor Christie called Senator Paul's ideas about security policy "completely ridiculous."

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at one point一度; 在某一刻

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At one point a bird trilled in the Conservatory.
有那么一刻,一只鸟儿在温室里啼叫QRUkq.niw6J)8

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2.But he blamed President Obama for leaving Iraq too early.

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blame for因…怪罪

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Don't keep blaming your little sister for your bad behavior.
不要总是把你的不良行为怪在你的小妹妹身上Q(@[s3F!J;xZ.bDh,G^

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参考翻译

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周四晚上,公众民意调查中支持率最高的10位共和党总统候选人在俄亥俄州克利夫兰市举行辩论!(]imzznUO]3X]。该事件标志着2016年总统竞选正式拉开帷幕Ce!AFmq;K#z;nl.

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这场辩论在福克斯新闻频道播出80#cyvmKwSj。亿万富翁,商人唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)在辩论中赢得了很多关注U~xSv9,%L77uTxsB#)。他是唯一一位不承诺支持任何一位赢得共和党总统提名人的候选人ZJlSHG4@*CJ^!b。他还拒绝表明如果未能赢得党内提名不会以独立候选人身份参加总统竞选活动8U9=Bz@(!pgRS

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特朗普先生还就过去有争议的言论被提问ruy1[pCjaQ|OW+(Qk&D。当被问及过去侮辱女性的行为时他拒绝道歉m3x]JL^~A)。他也没有就关于墨西哥非法移民的言论道歉!0pGNn*RlFRQFG_j。他曾说这些移民中的一些人是“罪犯”和“强奸犯”N17JUjBO;hI1);TY2qcF

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许多候选人表示支持更好地控制与墨西哥的边境,佛罗里达州参议员马可·卢比奥(Marco Rubio)和得克萨斯州参议员特德·克鲁斯(Ted Cruz)就在其中32vMLQyxcl6。前佛罗里达州州长杰布·布什(Jeb Bush)对特朗普先生谈及该问题的方式提出了批评zlrm.PY#YfL8s,

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几位候选人强烈批评了西方国家与伊朗达成的限制该国核活动的协议L2Q=-H#e=+QJ7&Q8B!p~。他们还批评奥巴马政府为取缔伊斯兰国激进组织做出的努力iuhzi)p)|]B

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参议员兰德·保罗(Rand Paul)和新泽西州州长克里斯·克里斯蒂(Chris Christie)在辩论如何保护美国人并尊重其权利方面存在争议8jBvIQ;%jisuTD|tUzEL。曾经一度,克里斯蒂州长称保罗参议员关于安全政策的观点是“完全荒谬”的F!-WSp0mj40i8&

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两人之间的争论显示了共和党内部的紧张关系%L)60_Lo_prm_。一方支持加强国家安全政策,而另一方担忧联邦政府的权力D;Go=2qG;-pimBckd

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布什被认为是许多共和党人的选择N6#le7m1p5W1ef=]0v。他说,他知道必须让大家把自己和父亲,兄长区分开来6dn=IMEIdRU^#V|zN46X。两位都是美国前总统g3r7nYw8k^19yXhsh6

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他说,乔治·布什(George W. Bush)担任总统时下令武力入侵伊拉克是一个错误5ElA#BFi=y6Ifw1iO2hO。但他谴责奥巴马过早从伊拉克撤军,这导致了伊斯兰国或ISIS激进组织的建立H9&%mG.]~wDPHZ

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周四晚上的辩论之前,民意调查中支持率较低的7位总统候选人齐聚一堂fXxz@.jN~m8izkqT;660。他们中的许多人强烈批评希拉里·克林顿(Hillary Clinton)=k%[vr@.M^NN]V8。许多专家认为希拉里将成为民主党的总统提名人FL5pX)+,^V=]H

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共和党至少还计划举行8场辩论mmUwAeX0w=

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民主党计划从10月份开始举行6场辩论7&%[],uY5r@gmTvR

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我是Christopher Jones-Cruise3J9NFT#r,@1yI+z1AZc

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重点单词
  • apologizevi. 道歉,谢罪
  • independentadj. 独立的,自主的,有主见的 n. 独立派人士,无
  • illegaladj. 不合法的,非法的 n. 非法移民
  • democraticadj. 民主的,大众的,平等的
  • protectvt. 保护,投保
  • debaten. 辩论,讨论 vt. 争论,思考 vi. 商讨,辩论
  • senatorn. 参议员
  • majorityn. 多数,大多数,多数党,多数派 n. 法定年龄
  • administrationn. 行政,管理,行政部门
  • ridiculousadj. 荒谬的,可笑的