VOA慢速(翻译+字幕+讲解):南卡州移除南方邦联旗帜
日期:2015-07-12 08:07

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.

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An honor guard from the South Carolina Highway Patrol has removed the Confederate battle flag from the state Capitol grounds. The flag will be moved to a museum after 50 years at the state house.

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The move comes three weeks after nine African Americans were murdered in their church in Charleston, South Carolina. Photos show the alleged killer carrying the Confederate battle flag.

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After the killings, activists renewed a long campaign to remove official public displays of the battle flag.

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A powerful symbol ... but of what?

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Flag opponents say the flag is a symbol of white supremacy and racial oppression. Southern soldiers used the flag during the U.S. Civil War of the 1860s, when they fought to keep slavery of African Americans legal in their states.

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One hundred years after the South lost the war, officials raised the battle flag over the South Carolina state house. Flag opponents point out the flag remained on the Capitol grounds long after the anniversary of the war. They say the flag became a way to reject the 1960s Civil Rights movement to achieve racial equality.

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Jonathan Blanks is with the CATO Institute. He says many people view the flag as a symbol of racial oppression.

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"Because every time that the flag has come up, it has been used – and it has been – to assert this sort of racial superiority of whites against blacks, to stop, to end their civil rights."

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Flag supporters say the flag is a symbol of the South's history. Lee Bright, a Republican state senator, says flying the flag in front of the state house honors the soldiers who fought for South Carolina's independence in the Civil War.

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"And removing this flag from out front is not going to do anything to change this nation. All we're going to do is we're going to disrespect these 20-plus-thousand men, black and white, that fought to defend your state."

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Some supporters add that the flag is also a fun way to celebrate Southern culture. They point to the popular 1970s and 80s television show called the "The Dukes of Hazzard." The show features a sports car with the Confederate battle flag painted on top. The car is called the General Lee, after a Southern commander in the Civil War.

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Lawmakers debate

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On Wednesday night and Thursday morning, South Carolina members of the House of Representatives debated over the meaning and future of the battle flag. After more than 13 hours, they approved a measure to remove the flag from state house grounds.

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Governor Nikki Haley, who supported the measure, used nine pens to sign the bill. Then she gave a pen to each of the families of the nine church shooting victims.

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The flag comes down

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On Friday morning, a racially diverse crowd of hundreds gathered on the Capitol grounds. They cheered and chanted, "USA, USA."

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In a short ceremony, members of an official honor guard lowered the flag and rolled it tightly. Governor Nikki Haley said the flag will be put in its rightful place in a museum.

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General Lee retires

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Other groups are also taking steps to remove the Confederate battle flag from the public eye. Some retailers -- including Walmart, Amazon and Sears – say they will no longer sell products with images of the Confederate flag.

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And the Dukes of Hazzard car? U.S. golfer Bubba Watson bought the General Lee several years ago. He says he will paint over its Confederate battle flag roof with an American flag.

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And that's In the News. I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载QlVj7y!j*;

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词汇学习

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1.remove vt.去除;脱掉,拿下

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When the fruit is mushy and cooked, remove from the heat.
当水果变软煮好后,就从火上端下来p079~C8rZ,IQ

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2.renew vt. 重新开始;使更新;使恢复

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Many hoped he would renew the country's atrophied political system.
很多人都期望他能使该国萎靡的政治体系振作起来-87z.5iveS4QwOUwXmSX

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3.supremacy n.至高无上;最高权力

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No one could challenge her supremacy in gymnastics.
她是最优秀的体操运动员,无人能胜过她1E+G#m(U3itqk&

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4.reject vt.拒绝

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We reject any suggestion that the law needs amending.
对于任何暗示该法律需要修改的观点我们都拒绝接受%(DEYXh0^C

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5.assert vt.声称,断言

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The defendants, who continue to assert their innocence, are expected to appeal.
各被告仍然坚称无辜,预计会提起上诉U+zd++i@3!~[NyLg

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6.disrespect vt.不尊敬,不尊重

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7.approve vt.批准;认可

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Her parents did not approve of her decision.
父母不赞成她的决定-Pf8M|k&n&qK_O%p0O

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8.rightful adj.合法的;正当的

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The car must be returned to its rightful owner.
这辆车必须归还给真正的主人g8%.n[jP+S,FWS

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内容解析

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1.Flag opponents point out the flag remained on the Capitol grounds long after the anniversary of the war.

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point out指出,把注意力引向

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I wish to point out your misrepresentation of the facts.
我希望指出你的失实之处Puf6Pvebb+9;[,w^![

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2.Other groups are also taking steps to remove the Confederate battle flag from the public eye.

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take steps采取措施

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They now take extra steps to verify the creditworthiness of customers.
他们现在又采取额外措施来核实客户的信用度boy+oLZ^mha%

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参考翻译

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美国之音慢速学英语节目,这里是时事新闻oXrg)NdM0dY

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南卡罗来纳州高速公路巡警仪仗队从州议会大厦降下邦联战旗D=m%coF^2TtZG7g#L。在州议会大厦悬挂50年之后,这面旗帜将被转移到一家博物馆保存7*,1WOvIB_pl8tx

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此举发生在南卡罗来纳州9名非裔美国人在查尔斯顿一家教堂被杀害三个星期之后P0g(4%R(7i。照片显示该嫌疑人手持南方邦联战旗_1e.1J#ba(]XYOLDmpP

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这次凶杀案之后,活动人士重新发起一项由来已久的活动,希望取消这面战旗的官方公开展示A@6f=(n&ot0Qoso38

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强大的象征……但是象征什么?

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旗帜反对者表示,这面战旗是白人至上主义和种族压迫的象征W[.l[QoP_1kDLrbC~5。19世纪60年代美国南北战争期间南方士兵使用的正是这面旗帜,当时他们是为了维持黑人奴隶制度的合法性而战)Yu^]LOpmr

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南方在战争中失败一百年之后,官员们在南卡罗来纳州议会大厦升起了这面旗帜_O9;LnU;&_=|mL。旗帜反对者表示,在这场战争100周年纪念日之后很长之间,这面旗帜一直悬挂在议会大厦~A!9wJ+=h&@Mc6V。他们表示,这面旗帜成了反对20世纪60年代民权运动实现种族平等的一种方式-0Bj%(hX@DjI3CD4vm

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Jonathan Blanks就职于卡托研究所YB4W+CjI[nUB。他说,许多人将这面旗帜视作种族压迫的象征W),eE)jTk=^rN

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“因为每次这面旗帜亮相都被用于,而且一直被用于宣扬白人相对黑人的种族优越感,以阻止和终结他们的公民权利;5@6^ab3+3xD6;Xsn1[[。”

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旗帜的支持者表示,这面旗帜是南方历史的象征~ZSAGWynYT3ZVZ。共和党州参议员Lee Bright表示,让这面旗帜在州议会大厦前飘洋是纪念内战中为南卡州独立而战的士兵^E177*CJSc%l(c#vaN

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“从门前移除这面旗帜对于改变这个国家没有任何影响p&EURR+|%yze|2(m#Poh。我们所做的一切都是亵渎为整个州的独立而战的2万多名白人和黑人战士7GIQVr=ch0g-ra^+r)~J。”

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一些支持者表示,这面旗帜也是纪念南方文化的一种有趣的方式,cMI1^#=GvXz+N~。他们指的是上世纪七八十年代流行的电视节目《赫扎德的杜克斯》z,C1DaTXk-2eq。该节目以一台喷了邦联战旗的跑车为特色Jvr[k|Fd~o。这台车被称为“李将军号”——南北战争期间的南方指挥官就是李将军)Ak2n_.KVejRaXZ-1px*

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议员们的辩论

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周三晚上和周四早晨,南卡罗来纳州众议院议员就这面战旗的意义和未来展开了辩论0x#!3jWFu*yXgEhL。经过13个多小时的辩论,他们批准了将这面旗帜从州议会移除的举措7f8Q8uhm3JbQTX

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支持这项措施的州长妮基·哈蕾(Nikki Haley)用九支笔签署了这项法案M#=uKZ!TtS&dQEY。然后她将这九支笔分别送给了9名教堂枪击案受害者的家属QY.jYbf4K8@

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旗帜落下

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周五早晨,数百名不同种族人士聚集在议会大厦x36[sTOs2mNfBZIH+。他们欢呼着“美国,美国Jd|4.A[tw=。”

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在一个简短的仪式后,官方仪仗队成员将旗帜降下并卷紧uI=J-Zo!7-L5,]eD.9s。哈蕾州长表示,这面旗帜将被送进一座博物馆妥善保存gBV#,Ab6c7_Eh6QIkz

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李将军号跑车谢幕

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其它组织也在采取措施从公众视线中移除邦联战旗q,r5+CaBjf。包括沃尔玛、亚马逊和西尔斯在内的一些零售商表示,他们将不再销售有邦联旗图像的产品orQ;oOC]]Yn0K!

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《赫扎德的杜克斯》剧中的那辆跑车呢?美国高尔夫选手布巴·沃森(Bubba Watson)几年前购买了李将军号跑车&EujJ1BgE;sZLFK4HgA。他说,他将会喷涂美国国旗覆盖掉车顶上的邦联旗帜Ai)pgC-,ci6EQ

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以上就是本期美国之音新闻报道的全部内容ILr#TGwOPglAsc。我是Kelly Jean Kelly5vI,w9gB~f&P^~dIxau@

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