VOA慢速(翻译+字幕+讲解):关于美国独立日你所不知道的
日期:2015-07-05 09:02

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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This day will be remembered in American history, wrote John Adams in 1776. People will honor it with fireworks and celebrations.

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He was talking about the second of July.

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That is the day the Continental Congress voted in favor of independence from the British. But the date written on the Declaration of Independence is July 4. So, since 1776, Americans have honored July 4 as the country's Independence Day.

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And July 2? Not so much.

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Patriotic to the end

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Several early U.S. presidents died on July 4. They include John Adams, who became the second U.S. president, even though he made a mistake about the country's most important national holiday. John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, the country's third president, both died on the country's 50th anniversary of Independence Day.

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James Monroe, the country's fifth president, died on July 4, 1831.

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And the country's 30th president, Calvin Coolidge, was born on July 4.

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Amazing? Or disgusting?

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Most Americans celebrate Independence Day with barbecues, parades and, yes, fireworks. But a few celebrate by eating all the hot dogs they can.

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Since the early 1970s, a restaurant called Nathan's Famous has hosted a competition to see who can eat the most hot dogs in a short time. The event is now shown on major sports channels. It includes a women's contest and a men's contest. Both are held in New York City, in a part of town called Coney Island.

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For the last eight years, a man named Joey Chestnut has won the men's contest. In 2014, he ate 61 hot dogs in 10 minutes.

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The 2014 women's winner, Miki Sudo, ate 34 hot dogs.

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Where do those fireworks come from?

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Let's go back to those fireworks, probably the most common image related to Independence Day. Americans really, really love fireworks. The America n Pyrotechnic Association – "pyrotechnic" is another word for "fireworks" – reported that Americans spent $675 million on fireworks last year.

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Most ordinary people buy about $100 worth. Cities and towns spend between $5,000 and $30,000 to put on a public show.

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The biggest fireworks show is in New York City. It costs about $2 million.

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Where do many of our fireworks come from? China.

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By the way, we also import most of our American flags from China, too.

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Happy Independence Day!

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I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.

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词汇学习

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1.firework n.(常pl.)烟火,烟花

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The gala culminated in a firework display.
晚会以大放烟火告终fhlZV9pu(MKmoiUnW

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2.honor vt. 尊敬,给以荣誉

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3.host vt.主持;主办

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Tonight she hosts a ball for 300 guests.
今晚她做东举办一场有300名客人参加的舞会f=)Bu~i0I^8]KlGSct

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4.ordinary adj.普通的;平常的;一般的

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Food for the ordinary Soviet troops and NCOs was very poor.
苏联普通士兵的伙食很糟糕*b2HU7;*(p!%l;)1=4

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5.import vt. 输入,进口

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We import an incredible amount of cheese from the Continent.
我们从欧洲大陆进口数量惊人的奶酪]8^1([6assf9@YFcD

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内容解析

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1.That is the day the Continental Congress voted in favor of independence from the British.

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in favor of赞成[支持]

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All in favor of this proposition will please say“Aye”.
请所有赞成这项提议的人讲一声“赞成”i(Ct8xH~ff|e8OTOSV

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2.Let's go back to those fireworks, probably the most common image related to Independence Day.

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related to与……相关

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He professed a distaste for everything related to money.
他声称厌恶与金钱有关的一切=@9G1ske@Psjz

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参考翻译

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“这一天将载入美国史册”,约翰·亚当斯(John Adams)在1776年这么写到Mzf-Zw_ce5nqEsT。人们会用烟花和庆祝活动来纪念这一天8kdVHleo0kl]U#

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他当时说的是7月2日i[[6[_t0*e

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这天,美国大陆议会投票支持从英国独立出来XVQ61dvh_-mier3k。但是写在《独立宣言》中的日期是7月4日*#FS9z-3cH~O]I!fs=。所以从1776年以来,美国人将7月4日作为国家独立日aF^~&!YA9xuo0f

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而7月2日呢?相对就没那么重要了!

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爱国到底

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几位早期的美国总统都在7月4日去世dmT2Is9~uuMRQSH*ts#。其中包括第二任美国总统约翰·亚当斯(John Adams)s[Q*w^bIyC!G-K9xO。虽然他在美国最重要的全国节日上犯了个错误jpqd)-hzVmn~1kom。亚当斯和美国第三任总统托马斯·杰斐逊(Thomas Jefferson)都在美国独立日50周年去世7=1#,MjN3y1

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美国第五任总统詹姆斯·门罗(James Monroe)在1831年7月4日去世y=UkwgHr&u4y

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而美国第三十任总统卡尔文·柯立芝(Calvin Coolidge)在7月4日出生2j@)(F6xr8qcQ8*aO)

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惊叹?还是恶心?

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大多数美国人用烧烤、游行或烟花来庆祝独立日+iW|@,^j&=rBjW。但也有少数人尽力吃完所有热狗来庆祝y_gtltmonJs3&9

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自20世纪70年代以来,一家名为Nathan's Famous的餐厅一直举办一项比赛,看谁能在短时间内吃最多的热狗f]!79t~3bFAOyVr2!(Zv。这项盛事在几大主要的体育频道播出&1^Q-Vsp3!b@w]2JMcb。比赛分为女子组和男子组Vh3Vg9_CX^uA,+。两组比赛都在纽约市一个叫做康尼岛的小镇举行]dejB7CFmvjC5=p

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在过去八年,一位名叫Joey Chestnut的男子一直蝉联男子组冠军i4XV(fb&HnN4R8j。2014年,他10分钟内吃了61个热狗OGJCo!7P3+~

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2014年女子组比赛的冠军Miki Sudo吃下了34个热狗)[aX0xL4*1NMWzJexV

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庆典烟花来自哪里?

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让我们再看看烟花9diCA-51Gj~C8J2.。这可能是与独立日相关的最常见的画面nswx_hezM~iC_Ec6Sb。美国人真的真的很喜欢烟花BY3fQ^qxR-0[a@4)。美洲烟花协会(pyrotechnic是烟花的另一个单词)报道称,去年美国人在烟花上花了6.75亿美元KC3,FGbFOp

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大多数平民百姓会购买价值100美元左右的烟花d3!HUv;9^GSQD98lI。各个城镇花费5千到3万美元举行烟花表演tU7PO-mKJ_@nds

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最大的烟花表演在纽约市,花费大约200万美元=q7j^lYo*EmFC5alT@M

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大多数烟花来自哪里?中国!

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顺便说一句,大部分美国国旗也是从中国进口的eRa@TB0W=h,g]N|a

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独立日快乐!

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我是Kelly Jean KellyFQY9fyNUg4_2

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载rHLXytHwzO_~)w0

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