VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):与sun有关的英语表达
日期:2015-06-16 15:15

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Now, Words and Their Stories, a VOA Learning English program about American expressions. I'm Anna Matteo with expressions using the word "sun."

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The first expression is about everything, everything under the sun. If you own a store that sold many different items, your advertisements could say you sell everything under the sun. This would not be exactly true, of course. But what would advertising be without some creative descriptions?

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Here is another example: Let's say you are talking with a friend you have not seen for a long time. The two of you could have a lot of catching up to do. So, you talk about everything under the sun.

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Under the sun is an old expression – at least 3,000 years old. It means everywhere the sun shines. King Solomon of Israel used it in the Bible. He wrote that nothing under the sun is new. What has been will be again, he said, and what has been done will be done again.

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If there is nothing new under the sun, there is nothing new anywhere.

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New or old, few things can be hidden in the bright light of the sun.

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That leads to another expression: a sunshine law. This law says that all government meetings must be open to the public. In some states, sunshine laws also say the government must permit the public to see government records.

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The Atlanta Journal and Constitution newspaper published a report about the value of sunshine laws. It told about how officials of a local government met secretly with a land developer to discuss using public land for a private entertainment center. The deal was stopped when it finally became publicly known.

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"It often takes a crisis," the newspaper report said, "to awaken citizens to their rights under the state sunshine laws." It said the laws are called that because they shine sunlight on dark corners where secret deals can be made.

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Another expression about the sun is Sunbelt. The word describes the warmer states of the American south, from Florida to California. The warmer weather in the Sunbelt causes many people to move there. They move from the Frostbelt, the colder northern states, and the Rustbelt, the older industrial states.

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In addition, labor costs are lower in the Sunbelt, and labor unions are not as strong as in the north. So many companies moved their factories to the Sunbelt. Workers followed. By 1990, the Sunbelt cities of Los Angeles, San Diego, Phoenix, Houston, Dallas, and San Antonio were among the ten largest cities in the United States.

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From geographic areas to music, the word "sun" finds its place.

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Every type of music -- from rock to pop to country -- has songs about the sun. One of the most popular is "You Are My Sunshine." What began as a sad love song is now a classic children's song. Many performers have recorded this song. Here is part of it.

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You are my sunshine, my only sunshine

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You make me happy when skies are gray

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You'll never know dear how much I love you

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Please don't take my sunshine away

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The rock group Beatles sang several songs with "sun" in the title. A couple are "Here Comes the Sun" and "Good Day Sunshine."

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Elton John sang "Don't Let Sun Go Down on Me." And the musical group 5th Dimension wanted to let the sunshine in on a United States that was heavily involved in the Vietnam War.

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This song was originally in the musical theater performance and movie "Hair," which criticized the Vietnam War.

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"Aquarius/Let the Sun Shine In" became a popular song in the anti-war culture in the 1960s U.S.

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I'm Anna Matteo. Peace.

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词汇解释

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1.entertainment n. 娱乐;消遣;款待

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Television has displaced film as our country's most popular form of entertainment.
电视已取代了电影,成为我国最大众化的娱乐形式R1q%R%i_UI!jh.NjH(

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2.sunbelt n. 阳光地带(美国南部地区)

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During the last recession, migration to the sunbelt accelerated.
前一个经济萧条期间,向美国南部阳光地带移民的速度加快了8TSa=-_Tea&(Iq

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3.RustBelt 衰退地区,铁锈地带

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The car industry in the rustbelt is miserable. Factories making thirsty pickup trucks are cutting back or closing.
铁锈地带的汽车工业是很悲惨的,制造卡车工厂正在裁员或关闭4vcgz+y]tI6rDef*u|s

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内容解析

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1.If you own a store that sold many different items, your advertisements could say you sell everything under the sun.

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everything under the sun 森罗万象

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We sat there for hours talking about everything under the sun.
我们在那儿坐了几个小时,谈天说地f*UkmOa8-;g6I=&

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This encyclopedia is crammed with information about everything under the sun.
这部百科全书拥有世上一切知识bPCcVg1_di|dwHaptl

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2.Under the sun is an old expression – at least 3,000 years old. It means everywhere the sun shines.

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under the sun 天下;究竟

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The fashion-conscious will go for anything under the sun!
流行意识将无所不在lyPS^j[es34l1

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Where under the sun could I have put the purse?
我究竟把钱包放在哪儿了?

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参考译文

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这里是美国之音慢速英语词汇典故,一个有关美语表达的节目,我是安娜·马特奥,今天讲解的是与sun有关的表达+v]n1_s,QsID7B486S

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第一个表达是天下万物,如果你有一家出售各种各样商品的商店,你就可以在广告中说你出售天下万物)i3DN2tEoQY。这么说当然不准确,但如果没有这样的创意描述还叫广告吗?

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这里有另一个例子,假如你在和很久不见的朋友聊天,你们两个有很多话要说,所以你们无所不谈+N1[0dy=oKa]d

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Under the sun是个古老的表达,至少有3000年的历史,意思说太阳下的一切Jm[1Kb_#kg_=f。以色列的所罗门王在圣经中用到这个表达,他说太阳底下无新鲜事,他说,已有的事,后必再有,已行的事,后必再行NbwB,wA1Zn,SF7t

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如果太阳没有新鲜事,那么任何地方都没有新鲜事EhzjmZr^scb~6

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无论是新的还是旧的,在太阳的照耀下一切都无处可藏sH@qa0H+9qlu

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这就引出了另一个表达:阳光法案,该法称政府的所有会议必须向公众公开04bv|6u)&%(E!GFqN3。在一些国家,阳光法案还规定政府必须允许公众查看政府记录&)guNDcTS4l*

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《亚特兰大宪政报》发表了一篇有关阳光法案价值的文章,报道讲述一名地方官员秘密会见了一个土地开发商,商讨将公共土地用作私人娱乐场所,这个协议被公众知道后就被终止了ItO&l,QzP9%)#qEe#~p

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这篇报道写道,“往往需要发生一场危机才能让公众觉醒,明白自己在各州阳光法案下的权利;W[mzA06I]H,[=pOZ]rC。”报道称之所以称之为阳光法案,是因为该法案把阳光照进秘密交易所在的黑暗角落~.J&ca(0lWbA~)wF5K

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另一个表达是阳光地带,这个词用来描述美国南部从佛罗里达到加州暖和的州,阳光地带的温暖气候吸引很多人搬到那里,他们从寒冷的北方霜冻地带和老旧工业州铁锈地带搬到加州去s*RTVq]+8.c9kzW=

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另外,阳光地带的劳动力成本较低,工会也不像北方那么强势,所以很多公司把工厂搬到阳光地带,工人们也跟着搬了过去=*r=MLp5nY。到1990年,阳光地带的洛杉矶、圣地亚哥、凤凰城、休斯顿、达拉斯和圣安东尼奥进入美国十大城市行列]RlVbo(pk4;gb.hkD%aV

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从地理区域到音乐,都能找到与sun有关的表达eDqs@-KYZp#A-ulZ

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各种类型的音域,从摇滚乐到流行乐到乡村音乐,都能找到与sun有关的歌曲f,wU3g_a3NTNu~_(or5;。最流行的歌曲有You Are My Sunshine,这首歌最初是一首悲伤的情歌,现在已成为经典的儿童歌曲nKe#CTP=qeh8NU)E,I。很多歌手都录制过这首歌,下面是这首歌的一部分:

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你是我的阳光,我唯一的阳光IOSLAtQE-Tz

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即使天空灰暗时,你也让我感到欢愉(a!9&rYE+lKY

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你永远不会知道我有多么爱你,

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请不要带走我的阳光(skR^uz5K=Ek.C

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摇滚乐队披头士也有几首歌中含有sun,其中两首是"Here Comes the Sun" 和 "Good Day Sunshine"BxG^56~NBJA

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埃尔顿·约翰唱了Don't Let Sun Go Down on Me,音乐团体第五维度希望阳光照进深陷越南战争的美国gXj_zhgEZr*Zr

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这首歌最初出现在反越战的音乐剧和电影《Hair》中RdOBmDqv;(1p7m0

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"Aquarius/Let the Sun Shine In" 成了20世纪60年代美国反战文化中的流行歌曲n,HQQK%_@o

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我是安娜·马特奥,祝福和平wOEGcMzm%0IyjdKnwyl

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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