VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国人越发支持打击伊斯兰国组织
日期:2015-03-02 12:02

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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A national survey finds that twice as many Americans approve than disapprove of the U.S. military campaign against the so-called Islamic State.

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The Pew Research Center in Washington, DC published the survey. Researchers found that 63 percent of Americans support the campaign against the Islamic State, the group also known as ISIL or ISIS.

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Carroll Doherty is Director of Political Research for the Pew Research Center. He says now nearly half of Americans are willing to consider sending ground forces to fight the Islamic State group.

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"Equally important you see growing support for the possible use of U.S. ground forces to deal with this threat. Forty-seven percent favor the use of ground troops now."

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Mr. Doherty says that number is up from 39 percent since last October.

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"A significant shift and given that the public has long been wary of using U.S. ground forces in conflicts around the world, 47 percent is a pretty sizeable share of the public supporting that view."

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But Mr. Doherty says support for ground troops could change if sending American soldiers becomes more of a real possibility.

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U.S. government officials have not yet formally debated sending American ground troops to fight in Iraq and Syria.

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There is a partisan, or political, divide on the issue as well. Republicans are twice as likely as Democrats to support the use of ground troops to fight the Islamic State militants. Sixty-seven percent of Republicans support using ground troops, but only 32 percent of Democrats do.

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Democrats are three times as likely as Republicans to say they are concerned that the U.S. will go too far in getting involved in the fight. Some Americans are wary after years of fighting wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.

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"While there is a clear desire to stop this group, there is also this nagging, lingering concern over yet another deep, long-term U.S. involvement in the region. And that concern is particularly felt by Democrats, more than Republicans."

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Researchers took the survey in February after Islamic State militants released videos of horrific murder scenes. Those videos show more than 20 Egyptian Christian men beheaded on the beach and a Jordanian pilot burned alive in a cage. Earlier videos show Islamic State militants beheading Western and Japanese hostages.

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Mr. Doherty says the survey shows Americans know about these stories and are reacting to them.

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"Americans have been seeing a steady stream of just horrific acts by ISIS, you know, between the beheadings and other atrocities. And you know, the news reports about the growing power of this group. And the public is reacting to it and saying that, you know, more needs to be done to stop ISIS."

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In February, the media reported that another Islamic State hostage, 26-year-old American Kayla Mueller, died in Syria. The public does not know how she died. Pew researchers found that most Americans still support the U.S. government policy of not paying for hostages held by terrorist groups.

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James Comey is the director of the FBI. He says the U.S. government is following 150 people suspected of terrorist connections who traveled from the U.S. to Syria.

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On February 25, authorities arrested three men in New York and Florida who, they say, have connections to Islamic militants. And in Minnesota, a threatened attack against the Mall of America has increased Americans' fears of another terrorist act on U.S. soil.

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I'm Anne Ball.

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词汇解释

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1.wary adj. 谨慎的;机警的;惟恐的;考虑周到的

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People did not teach their children to be wary of strangers.
人们以前没教过自己的孩子们要提防陌生人4i^N=lXi9BJ]j|Yy6u

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2.partisan adj. 党派的;效忠的;偏袒的;盲目推崇的 n. 游击队;虔诚信徒;党羽

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He is clearly too partisan to be a referee.
他显然过于偏袒,不适合担任裁判t5DbM!KYl7Ni@

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3.nagging adj. 唠叨的;挑剔的;使人不得安宁的 n. 唠叨;挑剔 v. 唠叨(nag的ing形式)

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He complained of a nagging pain between his shoulder blades.
他抱怨肩胛骨之间有个地方总是疼7S!~&&G3K!3vw

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内容解析

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1.And the public is reacting to it and saying that, you know, more needs to be done to stop ISIS.

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react to 作出反应

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He reacted well to penicillin.
他对青霉素的反应良好ard+X9[hU9=W

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There'dbe no telling how John would react to such news as this.
还不知道约翰听到这样的消息会作何反应mL6M+7joXt4XBA

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参考译文

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一份全国调查显示,支持美国对所谓IS采取军事行动的美国人数量是不支持的两倍^ofPn78q!Ct8jBcI13e

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华盛顿皮尤研究中心公布了调查结果,研究者发现63%的美国人支持对伊斯兰国采取行动wAz8(3AW6=T

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卡罗尔·多尔蒂是皮尤研究中心政治研究主任,他说现在近一半的美国人愿意考虑派遣地面部队打击伊斯兰国组织bVD@w,tk~MZFo]

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“同样重要的是,你能看到越来越多的人支持使用美国地面部队来对付这场威胁,47%的人现在支持使用地面部队s,^hl5Op1oyc。”

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多尔蒂说去年10月份这个比例是39%B6Z3;^~zR!5P8Ep,MH9F

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“这是一种重大改变,考虑到公众一直对在全世界冲突中使用美国地面部队非常小心,47%的公众支持率是个相当可观的比例S_,6c!7Oc_Syz9。”

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但多尔蒂说,一旦派遣美国士兵成为真实的可能,那么对地面部队的支持可能会发生改变DA;2[ggUtVU#CETVF7_

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美国政府官员尚未正式讨论过派遣美国地面部队到伊拉克和叙利亚作战L&~U|4NHdV28,)A#L

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在这个问题上还存在党派分歧,支持使用地面部队打击伊斯兰国的共和党人数是民主党的两倍,67%的共和党支持使用地面部队,只有32%的民主党表示支持V-nn=2,-U)

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担心美国会在战争中陷得过深的民主党人数量是共和党的三倍,一些美国人在阿富汗和伊拉克的多年战争后保持谨慎diEzBdCOxC2JIYz-=

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“尽管大家显然希望遏制该组织,但对美国长期陷入该地区有着挥之不去的担忧,民主党的担忧更加明显,比共和党更忧虑%]7ucY&HG%4^mGEpt8^Y。”

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在伊斯兰国武装分子发布骇人谋杀视频后,研究者2月份就做了调查79fu9SuV,2G[P。这些视频显示20多名埃及基督徒在沙滩被砍头,一名约旦飞行员被关在笼子里活活烧死|z@Cr-o5RwTi。早些时候的视频还显示该组织对西方和日本人质进行斩首;U^dH=H&P;

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多尔蒂说,调查显示美国人知道这些事件,并在对此采取行动|6_1&Mih68N(PRAhS5

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“美国人看到伊斯兰国组织在不断犯下骇人暴行,包括斩首和其他暴行2N%2p4G.N)。要知道,新闻报道称该组织在日益强大,~y;Qr@r^8l@Ke8_。公众正在做出反应,称需要做更多来遏制该组织^kqN6WdFi(8d#h%PoPa。”

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2月份,媒体报道另一名人质,26岁的美国人凯拉·穆勒在叙利亚死亡;~leX,zdd%S|f。公众不知道她的死因,皮尤研究者发现大多数美国人仍支持美国政府不向恐怖组织支付人质赎金的政策IK9z7mG1nI7bW5lpH

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詹姆斯·科米是美国联邦调查局局长,他说美国政府正在跟踪150名从美国前往叙利亚的恐怖主义嫌犯xGoX9Lg75o

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2月25人,当局在纽约和佛罗里达逮捕了三名男子,称这些人与伊斯兰武装分子有关ORivjuhv6d@Av|sy4。在明尼苏达州,针对美国商场的一项袭击威胁已经让美国人更加担心美国本土会发生另一场恐怖主义袭击bBzRjgIhoM0QAFE

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • concernedadj. 担忧的,关心的
  • shouldern. 肩膀,肩部 v. 扛,肩负,承担,(用肩)推挤
  • approvev. 批准,赞成,同意,称许
  • campaignn. 运动,活动,战役,竞选运动 v. 从事运动,参加竞
  • surveyv. 调查,检查,测量,勘定,纵览,环视 n. 调查,纵
  • nagn. 小马,驽马,竞赛马 v. 不断地唠叨恼人,说话唠叨
  • partisanadj. 效忠的,献身的,盲目推崇的,党派性的 n. 党
  • waryadj. 小心的,机警的
  • issuen. 发行物,期刊号,争论点 vi. & vt 发行,流
  • steadyadj. 稳定的,稳固的,坚定的 v. 使稳固,使稳定,