VOA慢速(翻译+字幕+讲解):观察家称伊斯兰国将发动更多暴力
日期:2015-02-08 08:00

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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The battle between the Islamic State group and the coalition fighting to defeat it intensified this week. The Islamic State released a video of what appeared to be a Jordanian fighter pilot. The video showed him trapped in a cage and being burned alive. The images shocked people around the world.

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Jordanian officials identified the young man as Muath al-Kasaesbeh. They say he was captured in December after his F-16 airplane went down over northern Syria. At the time, his plane was taking part in United States-led coalition airstrikes against Islamic State targets.

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The Islamic State had recently offered to trade him for an Iraqi. Jordanian officials captured Sajida al-Rishawi after she was involved in a terror attack 10 years ago in Amman. Sixty people died in that attack. Jordan said it would consider releasing the would-be suicide bomber if it received proof that the pilot was still alive.

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Jordan's King Abdullah was in Washington on a state visit when the video appeared on the Internet. Jordanian officials say they believe the pilot was killed a month ago. In a statement, King Abdullah called on Jordanians to stand strong. He returned home to find the streets of Amman filled with supporters. Many were calling for action against the Islamic State group, also known as ISIL.

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The next day, Jordan executed two jailed militants, including Sajida al-Rishawi. Within hours, the Jordanian military launched airstrikes against Islamic State targets.

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Islamic State forces control parts of Syria and Iraq. Its fighters are accused of killing thousands of civilians in the two countries. Some observers believe they have executed hundreds of Syrian and Iraqi security forces.

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Islamic State militants have also killed a number of foreigners. Last month, the group announced the execution of two Japanese men. The Islamic State group says it targeted the two because Japan offered $200 million in non-military aid to countries fighting the Islamic State.

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A United States official told VOA, ISIL is using the video of the pilot's killing and videos of other violence to energize its followers. The official added that in the minds of the militants, the images show the group's strength.

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Yonah Alexander directs the International Center for Terrorism Studies at the Potomac Institute. He says ISIL's use of violence and propaganda is an effort to show the group is able to influence world events, even when it cannot win militarily.

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In his words, "You are talking about terrorism as a great equalizer, which means you kill one, you don't need missiles. Their aim is to be able to be equal to a superpower like the United States."

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Mr. Alexander says he expects much more violence. So do other observers, like Professor Mia Bloom. She teaches security studies at the University of Massachusetts, Lowell. She believes the Islamic State will take what she calls "an eye-for-an eye attitude." But she thinks its use of extreme violence could turn local populations against the group.

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Yet the killing of the pilot has clearly shaken some nations. On Wednesday, the United Arab Emirates announced it was ending its involvement in the military effort against ISIL, also known as ISIS.

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Late Friday, Islamic State militants claimed that a Jordanian airstrike killed an American aid worker the group has been holding. They said she was buried under the wreckage of a building in northern Syria. The SITE Intelligence Group reported the claim.

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The Obama administration said it could not confirm the report. A U.S. official said the State Department has confirmed that Americans are being held overseas, including by the Islamic State. But she said she could not provide more details about this case.

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And that's In the News.

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I'm Christopher Cruise.

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词汇学习

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1.intensify v.(使)加强,强化

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You must intensify your sense of responsibility.
你必须加强责任感Bibf#-pf^!=

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2.energize v.激励;使充满活力

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He helped energize and mobilize millions of people around the nation.
他帮助激励和动员了全国数百万人ZRj|Vn6MI0V

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3.influence vt.影响;感染

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He is trying to improperly influence a witness...
他在试图误导证人uRFPPLa7wQUN+FHD-!,

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4.provide v.供给;提供

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New ways to treat arthritis may provide an alternative to painkillers.
关节炎的新疗法可能是止痛药之外的另一种选择Jw!g@qNC8,r;2uwSKk]

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5.propaganda n.宣传,宣传运动

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They even set up their own news agency to peddle anti-isolationist propaganda.
他们甚至设立了自己的通讯社来宣扬反孤立主义fb4F2(qjnk.CQGCec

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内容解析

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1.In a statement, King Abdullah called on Jordanians to stand strong.

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call on号召;要求

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Frequently he was called upon to resolve conflicts.
不断有人要求他出面解决冲突2VTHD@SysJ!E^

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2.Their aim is to be able to be equal to a superpower like the United States.

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be equal to相当;与……相等

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Your marrying will be equal to the match at Randalls.
你们的婚姻可以跟兰得尔斯的那一对媲美E4Bpb6@qA~E

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参考翻译

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本周,伊斯兰国激进组织和试图击败它的联军之间的战争不断加剧b-@UGnoIV&hvBO6zfZ^。伊斯兰国发布了一段似乎与约旦战斗机飞行员有关的视频7hQd1f==aywv#Na[~_&7。视频显示飞行员被关在笼子里活活烧死.D7TrTdvGY&+。这些画面使全世界的人们骇人听闻T42rZJg)4x

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约旦官员确认这位年轻男子是莫阿兹·卡萨斯贝(Moaz AL-Kasasbeh)GYc+rAd+9g。他们表示,去年12月卡萨斯贝驾驶F16战斗机在叙利亚北部坠落之后被俘#FWzPmo*aw8SgQ2。当时,他驾驶飞机参加美国领导的联军对伊斯兰国目标进行空袭Uob|=U&gehqxfrczvI9

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最近伊斯兰国曾提出用他交换一位伊拉克人%Kcs;@!KlmE;!v&[j。约旦官员抓获了里沙维(Sajida al-Rishawi),十年前她在安曼参加了一起恐怖袭击,有60人在那次袭击中死亡F,[!7j4)2bjz。约旦表示,如果有证据表明这名飞行员仍然在世,就会考虑释放这名未来的自杀式爆炸袭击者aF|^_(c54GA&

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当这段视频出现在互联网上时,约旦国王阿卜杜拉正在美国华盛顿进行国事访问#vT#p6ZYI~Z。约旦官员表示,他们认为这位飞行员是在一个月前被杀害的d+x4jSW@_5@Aw1Qe2vM。国王阿卜杜拉在一份声明中呼吁约旦人坚定地团结起来k5O9hDB2%AYc)Y^*Dn^。他回国后看到安曼的大街上挤满了支持者+Ew0nxT&vric!V.。许多人呼吁对伊斯兰国组织采取行动,该组织也叫做ISILQICPFQ],eMVKf*9X5+_u

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第二天,约旦处死了两名武装分子囚犯,其中包括里沙维_VR;O97fbMx|zDS。几个小时后,约旦军队对伊斯兰国目标发动了空袭SB^W%rFZBE-E3G|-

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伊斯兰国部队控制了叙利亚和伊拉克的部分地区Q4XIE8BZJ9evaEgx。伊斯兰国战士被指控在这两个国家杀害了数以千计的平民2@X;hVXtg8。一些观察家认为,他们已经处死了叙利亚和伊拉克数百名安全部队成员m[-e(joCM]VxCO;N

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伊斯兰国激进分子还杀害了一些外国人~OkZRtVXIY%FCrjfz%Y8。上个月该组织宣布处决了两名日本男子|@BDfIqkRwtz。伊斯兰国组织表示,他们处决这两名日本男子是因为日本向打击伊斯兰国的国家提供了两亿美元的非军事援助b1M4cRQWy9zw[

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一位美国官员对VOA表示,ISIL用飞行员被杀害的视频和其它暴力视频来激励其追随者g81GYS+0as9。这位官员补充道,在武装分子的观念中,这些画面展示了该组织的实力8h3WV!HTG9FV_QZ

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Yonah Alexander是美国波多马克研究所恐怖主义国际研究中心的负责人J6n_4zgUt1oAv!M!1o。他表示,ISIL利用暴力和宣传是为了显示该组织能够影响世界局势,即使它无法在军事上获胜m7)y3(DjV4UKx0%qi7U

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用他的话来说,“我们讨论的是作为巨大的均衡势力的恐怖主义Lykzk7h1uSf。这意味着他们杀害一个人无需用到导弹frCqZ*~&y2ec。他们的目标是能够取得和美国之类的超级大国平等的地位c!*V~&;L2o%ksJ]。”

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Alexander表示,他预计会发生更多暴力事件C*LGIPo_Cd^H9Lq)DX@。Mia Bloom教授等观察家也这么认为!1QC5Y.5K)trR[nj4L=。Bloom在马萨诸塞大学洛厄尔分校教授安全研究HO!N^IxUW8。她相信伊斯兰国会采取她所谓的“以牙还牙”的态度39FCAg~Jfy。但她认为使用极端暴力会导致当地居民反对该组织,0hI&hBUu=KQn9

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然而杀害约旦飞行员显然已经使一些国家产生了动摇(oNi;US2#s8+m88[x+7+。上周三,阿联酋宣布将停止参与打击ISIL的军事行动WjUFj.|B|yYBwOg0P-

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上周五,伊斯兰国武装分子声称约旦空袭杀害了一位该组织扣留的美国救援工作者ETyA%k8eH*。他们表示,她被埋葬在叙利亚北部一处建筑废墟下raz,-VV[%=A*xB。SITE情报组织报告了这一说法eL-=.4sx&@KVz&x;(

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奥巴马政府表示无法证实该报告*I6QaFY4OBLU0Fa8CV。一位美国官员表示,美国国务院已经确认有美国人在海外被扣留,包括被伊斯兰国扣留9o2e~vakS[1sy^Q|L#(。但她表示无法提供有关这起案件的更多细节rQUWG&,WjB

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以上就是本期美国之音时事新闻的全部内容LOyGQ=~nPY|ku0Nr8!(K

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我是Christopher Cruisee(]kahOLrl-+l=A(U[

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • securityn. 安全,防护措施,保证,抵押,债券,证券
  • administrationn. 行政,管理,行政部门
  • identifiedadj. 被识别的;经鉴定的;被认同者 v. 鉴定(id
  • pilotn. 飞行员,领航员,引航员 vt. 领航,驾驶,向导
  • militaryadj. 军事的 n. 军队
  • executionn. 执行,实施,处决 n. 技巧,表演,演奏,杀
  • terrorn. 恐怖,惊骇,令人惧怕或讨厌的人或事物
  • defeatn. 败北,挫败 vt. 战胜,击败
  • resolven. 决定之事,决心,坚决 vt. 决定,解决,分离,表
  • confirmedadj. 习惯的,积习的,确认过的,证实的 动词conf