VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):国际货币基金组织降低经济发展预测
日期:2015-01-22 12:04

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has demanded the Islamic State group immediately release two hostages. Images of the hostages appear in a new video from the militant group. The video also showed an English-speaking militant holding a knife. He identified the two hostages as Kenji Goto and Haruna Yakawa. The militant criticized Japan for, what he called, its "foolish" support for Western military efforts against the Islamic State. He threatened to execute them if Japan does not pay the group $200 million.

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Japanese forces are not part of the United States-led coalition against the Islamic State. Coalition forces have carried out more than 1,700 airstrikes against Islamic State targets since August.

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Last Saturday, Mr. Abe promised to give $200 million in non-military aid to countries fighting the militant group.

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IMF lowered estimate for economic growth

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The International Monetary Fund has cut its estimate for international economic growth in 2015. The IMF now says it expects the world's economy to grow 3.5 percent this year. That compares with an estimate of 3.8 percent, which was made last October.

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The IMF's chief economist, Olivier Blanchard, said he expects the world's economy to grow somewhat faster this year than it did in 2014. Oil prices and changes in monetary exchange rates were two areas the group described in its latest report.

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Mr. Blanchard said the drop in oil prices will help support world economic growth. But he notes that the price reduction will not help everyone.

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China reported slower growth rate

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China has reported its slowest economic growth in 24 years. The government said the Chinese economy grew by only 7.4 percent in 2014, a little less than the predicted growth rate of 7.5 percent.

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Observers say the growth rate is not as bad as it could have been. They noted that China faced a number of problems last year. The number of bad loans rose, credit collapsed and land values fell.

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The World Bank says world markets could be affected if the Chinese economic slowdown continues. They said the slower growth rate might limit the influence of increasing economic activity in the U.S. and British labor markets.

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Obama to deliver State of the Union address

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In the United States, President Barack Obama is preparing for his State of the Union speech to Congress Tuesday night. Mr. Obama will call for raising taxes on profits individuals make from selling investments such as stocks, bonds and property. The president wants to use the money collected to help reduce taxes for middle class Americans and for proposals such as free community college classes. The Republican Party now holds a majority of seats in both the U.S. Senate and the House of Representatives. Republican lawmakers have already rejected many of Mr. Obama's proposals.

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词汇解释

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1.hostage n. 人质;抵押品

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It is hopeful that two hostages will be freed in the next few days.
两名人质有望在几天后获释UGHxa0!qi,

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2.monetary adj. 货币的;财政的

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Some countries tighten monetary policy to avoid inflation.
一些国家紧缩货币政策以避免通货膨胀k4o-vWW4Z6+3(_V

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3.slowdown n. 减速;怠工;降低速度

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There has been a sharp slowdown in economic growth.
在经济增长方面一直存在急剧的减速iz)~YFRTa4NcVo

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参考译文

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日本首相安倍晋三要求IS组织立即释放两名人质,该武装组织发布的新视频中显示有人质的图像,视频上还有一名讲英语的武装分子拿着一把刀^ywDWL%S)899m^V2gV。他确认这两名人质是后藤健二与汤川遥菜,这名武装分子批评日本“愚蠢地”支持西方对IS的军事行动,他威胁称如果日本不支付2亿美元就会杀掉人质[ykW;rhcQM

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日本军队没有参加美国为首的针对IS的联盟,自8月起,联盟部队对IS目标进行了1700多次空袭phh~]zWP^pmXevIZwc4

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上周六,三倍承诺给对该武装组织作战的国家提供2亿美元的非军事援助0YSTtKybm2-Aw1I.Km

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国际货币基金组织降低了对2015年国际经济发展的估计,该组织称预计今年世界经济将增长3.5%,而去年10月份的估计是3.8%alwk]^A3v75oy+;e9u

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国际货币基金组织首席经济学家奥利维尔·布兰查德称他预测今年全球经济将比去年发展要快些,油价和货币汇率变动是这份最新报告关注的两个问题3-NqUiPm#w(]HVG=;u=

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布兰查德说油价下跌将有助于全球经济的发展,但他指出,价格下跌不是对每个人都有益IB!|Ig0*uRQAv0#+3;

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中国宣布了24年来最慢的经济增长,政府称2014年中国经济的增速仅为7.4%,比预测的7.5%的增长率略低ucZQ,0;_oZD_NMYvtFcY

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观察家称这一增长率并没有那么糟糕,他们指出中国去年面临很多问题,不良贷款数量增加,信贷崩溃和土地价值下降jF_t[![=~Ak|[v

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世界银行称如果中国经济继续放缓,就会影响全球市场1wQS243y,p6。他们称较慢的增长率可能会限制美国和英国劳动力市场不断增长的经济活动的影响46[lQE*(#7FpqtFn|C

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在美国,总统巴拉克·奥巴马正在准备周二晚上向国会发表的国情咨文演讲,奥巴马将呼吁个人出售股票、债券和房产等资产所获收益加税8h]w],ExQXF。总统希望使用这些税收来减少中产阶级的税负,以及免费大学课程的提案K8mGK5C]6mSA。共和党现在控制了美国参议院和众议院的多数席位,共和党议员已经否决了奥巴马的很多提议!|.YLIGGP!,Qu)F0zQf

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重点单词
  • identifiedadj. 被识别的;经鉴定的;被认同者 v. 鉴定(id
  • monetaryadj. 货币的,金融的
  • militaryadj. 军事的 n. 军队
  • avoidvt. 避免,逃避
  • executevt. 执行,处决,实行,完成 [计算机] 执行
  • majorityn. 多数,大多数,多数党,多数派 n. 法定年龄
  • reductionn. 减少,缩小,(化学)还原反应,(数学)约分
  • creditn. 信用,荣誉,贷款,学分,赞扬,赊欠,贷方 (复)c
  • communityn. 社区,社会,团体,共同体,公众,[生]群落
  • releasen. 释放,让渡,发行 vt. 释放,让与,准予发表,发